Fall of Rome and Spread of Christianity

Fall of the Roman Republic, Rise of the Empire

Tiberius Gracchus's Trouble

133 BC

Tiberius Gracchus held the office of ‘tribune’ during this time, trouble started to arose when Tiberius’s land bill was passed, also with the possibility of him trying to run for reelection. Some saw this as him exploiting social concerns in order to gain power for himself.

Private Armies

105 BC

The rise of private armies, Gaius Marius defeats Germanic invaders that changed the course of the Roman history. In order to fill his legion he hired/signed up any citizen regardless of if they owned land.

Sulla defeats Marius

82 BC

Consul Lucius Cornelius Sulla used his private army to drive out Gaius Marius from Rome. Sulla won the bloody civil war between the followers of the two armies. After his victory Sulla ruled as a military dictator until 79BC.

First Triumvirate

53 BC - 39 BC

The First Triumvirate was composed of three men, Pompeious Magnus, Licinius Crassus, and Julius Caesar. They all combined their influence to seize power in Rome.

Caesar Dictatorship

46 BC - 44 BC

Caesar Dictatorship, having defeated all his enemies Caesar was granted a 10-year dictatorship with the purpose in mind of restoring the republic. During this time, about 44 BC he declared himself “Dictator in Perpetuo,” he was murder a few weeks latter by some 60 senators. The damage was done and the precedent of rule by one man had been recognized.

Spread of Christianity

Jesus Christ is born.

4 BC

Jesus Christ is born.

Jesus travels, gaining followers

30 AD - 33 AD

30-33 AD: Jesus travels throughout Galilee and Judea preaching along with gaining followers.

Books were written about Christianity

100 AD - 500 AD

Various scholars (church fathers) wrote books about Christianity.

Constantine's Influence

274 AD - 337 AD

274-337 AD: Constantine issued the “Edict of Milan” which legalized Christianity throughout in the empire. Constantine finally died in 327 AD while he was attempting to Christianize Persia.

Last Great Prosecution of Christians

303 AD

Emperor Diocletian carried out the last great prosecution of Christians. It failed and Roman officials realized Christianity was to strong to be destroyed.

Christianity official state religion

379 AD - 395 AD

Theodosius made Christianity the official state religion of Rome.

Fall of the Roman Empire

Diocletian, Roman Empire split in two

284 AD

General Diocletian assumes the position of emperor after killing the emperor before him. Put in place many reforms such as dividing the Roman Empire into two that were to be ruled by co-emperors, Diocletian took the East and Maximian ruled the west.

Barbarians Attack Roman Empire

300 AD - 400 AD

300s AD: Germanic tribes start to invade the Roman Empire. Some are in search of wealth, warmer climate and farmland. The Romans called these Germanic tribes barbarians because of their speech and also how they sounded like nonsensical babbling to them.

Constantine Dies

337 AD

Constantine, Rome’s last great emperor dies.

Visigoths

378 AD

Visigoths defeat a Roman force at Adrianople, specifically in the Balkan Peninsula. Valen, the eastern Roman emperor is killed during battle his successor gives land in the Balkans to the Visigoths.

Offical END of Roman Empire

476 AD

Officially the end of the Roman Empire, Romulus Augustulus is overthrown by Odoacer who declares himself king. Odoacer is the first non Roman Emperor in the West.