Civil Rights

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Brown Vs. Board of Ed

1954

Supreme Court Case that declared segregation in public schools illegal.

Emmet Till

August 28, 1955

A 14 year old black boy was brutally murdered for allegedly flirting with a white woman. His mother had an open casket funeral for him, showing america the injustice that happened in Mississippi.

Rosa Parks

December 1, 1955

Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat to a white person when the white section of the bus was filled. Lead to the Montgomery Bus Boycott.

Montgomery Cus Boycott

December 1, 1955 - December 20, 1956

A social protest that started when Rosa Parks was arrested. The protest called for an end to the segregation in public transportation. Ended when the Supreme Court declared segregation on public transportation illegal.

Southern Manifesto

March 1956

A document in opposition of the integration of races in public places. Signed by 19 senators and 82 representatives.

Medgar Evers

June 12, 1956

Medgar Evers was a Civil Rights Activist who was involved in the University of Mississippi's decision to overturn segregation. His murder invoked protest.

The Supreme Court rules that segregation in transportation is unconstituational

November 13, 1956

Due to the Montgomery Bus Bocott, the Supreme Court rules segregation in public transportation unconstitutional.

Little Rock

September, 1957

In Arkansas, nine black students were integrated into Central High School. Protests were held and the National Guard had to be called to allow the students to enter the school safely.

First Sit-in in Greensboro, NC

February 1, 1960

Four students used nonviolent protest to reverse the Woolworth's stores policy of racial segregation.

James Meredith attends the University of Mississippi

October 1, 1962

James Meredith attends the University of Mississippi by forcing himself in through his constituation al rights. Meredith wanted to pressure JFK into creating better conditions for black people.

MLK's "I Have a Dream" speech

August 28, 1963

In this speech, MLK shared his hope to live in an America where everybody can get along. Children grow up without a sense of superiority or inferiority. This speech called for an end to racism.

Birmingham Church Bombing

September 15, 1963

A bombing of a church with ties to the Civil Rights Movement that killed four little girls. More people wanted racial equality after hearing of the event.

Assassination of JFK

Nov 22, 1963

Civil Rights Act passed after JFK's death. Lyndon B. Johnson invoked the memory of JFK to get the bill passed.

Civil Rights Act passed

Feb 10, 1964

Outlawed discrimination. Also outlawed Racial Segregation in workplaces and public facilities.

Malcolm X is assassinated

February 21, 1965

The Civil Rights Activist's death causes many to be sad. Malcolm X was the Civil Rights leader who seemed to do the most to uplift the spirits of black people and make them know there is nothing wrong with their skin color.

Selma to Montgomery

March 7, 1965

Marches lead by MLK to protest the death of Jimmie Lee Jackson and black exclusion from the political process. The first march was known as "Bloody Sunday" because protesters were attacked by state and local police.

Voting Rights Act is signed

August 6, 1965

Outlawed discrimination at voting polls.

Watts Riots

August 11, 1965 - August 17, 1965

Took place in the Watts neighborhood of LA. Black people were excluded from buying houses in most areas. Watts was not one. Housing in the approved areas soon filled up during the Great Migration. Black people did not live well in LA, police were brutal. Riots started when people were tired of living as poorly as they were.

Thurgood Marshall is named to the Supreme Court

June 14, 1967

Thurgood Marshall was the first Black person appointed to the Supreme Court. This was a victory for racial equality as it broke the stereotype that black people cannot contribute to anything.

Detriot and Newark Riots

July 12, 1967 - July 17, 1967

Black people in Detriot and Newark did not feel like they were being represented in politics. They also disliked the amount of police brutality they faced. These cities soon faced decline and greater racial issues aswell as economic issues.

MLK Is Assassinated

April 4, 1968

MLK's assassination resulted in riots in many places in America. Many people in the South were glad he got killed. Robert F. Kennedy presented a speech that may have prevented riots in Indianapolis.

Robert Kennedy is assassinated

June 6, 1968

Robert Kennedy was an avid supporter of Civil Rights. People of every background mourned his death.