Charlotte Perkins Gilman

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Charlotte Perkins is born

1860

Charlotte Perkins is born in Hartford, Connecticut to Fredrick Beecher Perkins, a librarian and magazine editor, and his wife, Mary Fitch Perkins.

Fredrick Perkins leaves the family for prolonged periods of time.

1860 - 1869

Fredrick Perkins divorces Mary Perkins

1869

Fredrick Perkins divorces Mary Perkins

Charlotte marries Charles Walter Stetson (reluctantly).

1884

Charlotte marries Charles Walter Stetson (reluctantly).

Charlotte gives birth to Katharine Beecher

1885

Charlotte gives birth to Katharine Beecher, after which she suffers from severe depression. She consults the noted neurologist S. Weir Mitchell, who prescribes his "rest cure" of complete bed rest and limited intellectual activity.

Charlotte Leaves Her Husband

1888

She leaves her husband, moving to Pasadena, California with her daughter and destitute mother. She begins writing poetry and short stories.

The Yellow Wallpaper is Published

1892

Charlotte Moves To San Francisco

1894

She moves to San Francisco, where she edits feminist publications, assists in the planning of the California Women's Congresses of 1894-95, and helps to found the Women's Peace Party.

Charlotte meets the social reformer Jane Addams

1895

Charlotte meets the social reformer Jane Addams, who invites her to spend several months at Hull House in Chicago, Illinois. Gilman then tours the United States and England lecturing on women's rights and on labor reform.

She publishes Women in Economics

1898

She publishes Women in Economics, her best-known nonfiction work and "feminist manifesto." In the book Charlotte argues that women's secondary status in society, and especially their economic dependence on men, is not the result of biological inferiority but rather of culturally enforced behavior.

Charlotte marries George Houghton Gilman

1900

Charlotte marries George Houghton Gilman, a first cousin who was seven years younger than she, and who is supportive of her intense involvement in social reform. She writes "Concerning Children."

She writes "Human Work."

1904

Charlotte publishes "The Forerunner"

1909 - 1916

Charlotte publishes a monthly journal, The Forerunner, for which she writes nearly all of the copy that she claimed could fill 28 long books.

Charlotte writes Moving and Mountain

1911

She writes Moving and Mountain. She also writes "Man-Mad World," an essay that was part of her assertion that women should work outside of the home.

"Why I Wrote the Yellow Wall-paper" is Published

1913

Charlotte writes Herland.

1915

Charlotte writes Herland.

She writes utopian novel: "With Her in Ourland."

1916

She writes utopian novel: With Her in Ourland.

Charlotte learns that she has inoperable cancer.

1935

Charlotte learns that she had inoperable cancer. She takes her life on August 17, 1935, in Pasadena, California, at the age of 75.