Events of WWI

Created by Lindsay Crone

Alliances

Triple Alliance is formed

1882 - 1915

Triple Entente is formed

1907 - 1917

Italy joins the Allied Powers

June 1915

Battles

First Battle of the Marne

09/06/1914 - 09/12/1914

The First Battle of the Marne began on September 6, 1914. The aim of this battle was to stop the movement of German troops invading France. Instead, German advancement was completely halted, and trench warfare began. The battle was named due to it's located near the River Marne in France. German troops marched into Paris and drove exhausted French and British soldiers towards the river. A few day into the battle, more French soldiers helped to drive German troops away and caused their withdrawal from the battle. French soldiers with help from the British succeeded in driving away the Germans and regaining lost land along the way. The losses in the battle were very numerous. The French alone lost around 250,000 men.

Battle of Somme

July 1916 - November 1916

Second Battle of the Marne

July 1918 - August 1918

Battle of the Argonne begins

September 1918

Treaties

Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

March 1918

The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was signed on March 3, 1918. In the town of Brest-Litovsk (now Brest, Belarus), Russia signed the peace treaty with the Central Powers. This marked Russia's official withdraw from WWI. Terms of the peace treaty were considered very harsh by the Russians. It took away a large portion of territory that Russia had seized during its conquests of prior centuries. This territory included 9/10 of Russia's coal mines and a quarter of it's population. The treaty only lasted a little over eight months because Germany renounces the treaty in November of 1918.

Armistice is signed

November 1918

On November 11, 1918, Germany signed an armistice with the Allies. An armistice is a cessation of hostilities against each other before making peace negotiation. The agreement ended the fighting between the two forces. It marked a victory for the Allies while for Germany, it was a defeat. Among it's many terms one of the most important was the termination of German hostilities on land or air within six hours. It also called for the immediate removal of Germany troops from the Allies territory, and for the surrender of German materials.

Treaty of Versailles is signed

June 1919

Major Events

Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand and wife

June 1914

The sinking of the Lusitania

May 1915

Lenin takes over Russia

1917

U.S. enters the war

April 1917

Russia withdraws from war

October 1917

Czar Nicholas II of Russia and family are killed by the Bolsheviks

July 1918

The Big 4 meet at Paris Peace Conference

January 1919

League of Nations is established at PPC

January 1919

U.S.S.R. (Soviet Union ) is formed

1922