Created by Lindsay Crone
The First Battle of the Marne began on September 6, 1914. The aim of this battle was to stop the movement of German troops invading France. Instead, German advancement was completely halted, and trench warfare began. The battle was named due to it's located near the River Marne in France. German troops marched into Paris and drove exhausted French and British soldiers towards the river. A few day into the battle, more French soldiers helped to drive German troops away and caused their withdrawal from the battle. French soldiers with help from the British succeeded in driving away the Germans and regaining lost land along the way. The losses in the battle were very numerous. The French alone lost around 250,000 men.
The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was signed on March 3, 1918. In the town of Brest-Litovsk (now Brest, Belarus), Russia signed the peace treaty with the Central Powers. This marked Russia's official withdraw from WWI. Terms of the peace treaty were considered very harsh by the Russians. It took away a large portion of territory that Russia had seized during its conquests of prior centuries. This territory included 9/10 of Russia's coal mines and a quarter of it's population. The treaty only lasted a little over eight months because Germany renounces the treaty in November of 1918.
On November 11, 1918, Germany signed an armistice with the Allies. An armistice is a cessation of hostilities against each other before making peace negotiation. The agreement ended the fighting between the two forces. It marked a victory for the Allies while for Germany, it was a defeat. Among it's many terms one of the most important was the termination of German hostilities on land or air within six hours. It also called for the immediate removal of Germany troops from the Allies territory, and for the surrender of German materials.