No women competed, as Pierre de Coubertin, creator of the modern Games, felt that their inclusion would be "impractical, uninteresting, unaesthetic, and incorrect."
Women compete for the first time
They participated in two events: lawn tennis and golf, neither of which remains an Olympic sport.
Women first compete in Swimming events
Although no women from the US compete, as American female athletes could not compete in events without long skirts.
Women compete in the 800 meter race
But after a rumor that several collapse (completely untrue--not one woman collapsed) it was decided that this event was too grueling for the delicate female constitution and anything over 200 meters was discontinued for 32 years until the 1960 games.
Women's athletics and gymnastics events added to the Olympic schedule
First African-American woman competes from USA
Alice Coachman was her name, and she won the only gold medal for the US Track and Field team and set an Olympic record in High Jump
First women-only event included in Olympics
Women's Boxing joins the Olympics
Event equality--all events are open to both sexes
For the first time, all competing countries send female athletes
Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and Brunei all allow women to compete for the first time
In the only known case of a man posing as a women, Hermann Ratjen was forced by the Nazi regime to compete as Dora Ratjen. Ratjen still only finishes fourth in the high jump. Ratjen admits to this twenty years later, spawning the introduction of gender testing.
Gender Testing begins
This is done by having women parade naked in front of a panel of doctors
Gender Testing is changed
To a blood test looking for the X-chromosome
Gender testing is abolished
Gender testing reinstated.
Women who test in the male range for testosterone may not compete as females