Set off to complete the survey of Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego.
Cape Verde, Porto Praya is a really dry lava land and has very little vegitaton, few cows and goats. Seldom rain falls.
Saw many porpoises. Entered Playa the weather was unsettled. One night they were surrounded by penguins and seals. Very vivid lightning.
Entered the famous Le Marie. kept close to fuegian shore. Savages followed the ship and just before dark we saw their fire.
Arrived at mouth of Rio Negro on august third. 50 years ago a small conlony was formed that is now inhanatited by man
Captain Fitz Roy traveled on boat, Darwin traveled by land to make more observations such as rounded pumice and scattered shells all over country. Also, in Punta Alta, in of the plains they found giganti land animals embedded in it. They are: Megatherium, Megalonyx, Scelidotherioum (nearly perfect skelton and as large as rhino) Found 9 animals in total. Found within 200 yards of each other. Punta Alta shallow bank revealed 20 other species
Seas have made cliffs. The lowest plain is fifty feet high the highest on nine hundred and fifty feet.
Anchored a second time in the bay, large masses of molten erupted. Great masses burst into the air assuming fantastical forms.
Entered the harbour, ans landed on the island of quiriquina. 70 villages were destroyed by an earthquake. The island showed the overwhelming power of the earthquake.
10 principal islands all formed of volcanic rocks, and a few pieces of granite glazed over melted by the sun. Some of the craters on larger islands are of immense size. There at least two thousand craters. Except during one season, rain falls are scarce. Many finches were found on the Galapogos Islands with many different species.(gespiza magnirostrois, geospiza fortris, geospvia parvula and certhidea olivasea.) Tortoises also differed at each island. The islands are about 50 or 60 miles apart.
Remains classical to the voyager in the south sea at daylight. From a distance away the island was not especially attractive. The Luxurious vegetation could not be seen. When they anchored in Matavai Bay, they were surrounded by canoes.
Beautiful cottages and villas there. A yellowish cliff was not what they were expecting. Windmills standing on the edge pointed to Australia's Capital.
Arrived in view of the Coco's islands, in the Indian Ocean. 600 miles away from the coast of Saumtra which is one of the lagoons with a coral formation.
Rises abruptly like a huge black castle from the ocean. Small forts and guns fill up every gap in the rocks. Very few green trees. Irregular castle on a lofty hill.
A volcanic island. smooth hills, rising level of black lava,
Arrived in England left the ship they had been living on for five years.