Chapter 34 Timeline.

Pacific Rim

Chiang Kai-Shek Flees to Taiwan

1948

Chiang Kai-Shek and the Guomindang forces fell back to the island of Taiwan. Chiang ruled Taiwan, or the Republic of China, with hopes that he could spring back and attack China, bringing his own government over the Communist regime. Taiwan and China fought in the late 1950s, when the Chinese bombarded Taiwan. The Chinese only stopped their offensive when the US intervened.

Korean War

1950 - 1953

Communist North Korea invaded authoritarian South Korea in hopes of unifying Korea under their own terms. General MacArthur of the US led forces against the North Koreans, while the Chinese pushed south. Eventually, the US called an armistice after stalemate in 1953. Neither North nor South Korea gained great amounts of territory from the war.

Lee Kuan Yew Takes Office

1965

Lee Kuan Yew takes the office of Prime Minister of Singapore. He creates an authoritarian state that micromanages the behavior of Singapore citizens. As a result, low crime rates occurred. People in Singapore worked towards creating a strong military. The authoritarian government was extremely successful in boosting Singapore's economic output.

Hong Kong Given to China

1997

The British granted control of Hong Kong back to China under the terms that the city would remain a democratic free market zone. This opened up the Chinese to free market communism.

Japan

US Occupation of Japan

1945 - 1952

The US occupied Japan after Japan lost WWII, removing the military government and putting a democracy in place. After occupation, the US kept military bases in Japan. Japan was not allowed to build a military of their own.

Liberal Democrat Party Dominates Japan

1955 - 1993

Two major parties merge to form the Liberal Democrat party in Japan. Most decisions are made in high levels of the party, creating an oligarchical system similar to that of the Meiji dynasty (1800s).

China

Yuan Dynasty

1271 - 1368

Kublai Khan brings down the Song Chinese, creating a new Yuan dynasty. For the first time in Chinese history since the Han dynasty, the Confucian system and scholar gentry bureaucracy was completely detached from the Chinese social system and government.

Opium War

1839

The idea of Mercantilism caused Europeans to try and keep their precious metals (gold and silver) in their own country by introducing Indian grade opium into China which eventually lead to a small percentage of Chinese people becoming addicted. To prevent the expansion of the drug, Lin Zexu, a distinguished official, was ordered to stamp out the trade. Zexu eventually burned European warehouses containing opium which prompted the opium war that lead to the victory of the British obtaining access to trading ports. The British victory led to the decline of the Qing.

Fall of the Qing Dynasty

1912

The fall of the Qing dynasty was a result of the death of the first emperor Nurhaci who wanted to unite China. Under the Qing China’s had it’s foundations (the construction of the Great Wall of China) set but when the government and army could not do their job the Qing could do nothing but fall.

May Fourth Movement

1919

An anti-imperialist cultural and political movement, which marked an intellectual turning point in early modern China. It was aimed at transforming China into a liberal democracy which the was adopted by the urban youth of China.

Japanese Occupation of China

1937 - 1945

The Second Sino-Japanese War had a huge effect on the anticommunist, convinced he was on the verge of victory, Chiang Kai-shek was interrupted by the Japanese invasion.As soon as the war began with Japan, Chiang’s priority was to defend China and was forced to ally with the Communist party.Having been crushed by the Japanese superiority it was an enormous advantage for Mao and his army.

Chinese Civil War

1946 - 1950

The Chinese civil war had been going on for many years from 1927 to 1950, however was interrupted in 1937 when both side had to form an alliance to fight against the Japanese invasion.The war began once again in favor of the communist party because much of Chiang’s army was destroyed by the Japanese superiority, led to the establishment of People’s Republic of China.

Great Leap Forward

1958 - 1961

Economic and social campaign of the communist party of china, reflected in planning decisions from 1958 to 1961, which aimed to use China’s vast population to rapidly transform the country from an agrarian economy into a modern communist society through the process of rapid industrialization and collectivization.

Chairman Mao Zedong Dies

1976

From 1945 to 1976 Mao Zedong was chairman of the People’s Republic of China, Mao had his ups and downs while he was in power. After his death in 1976, his death cleared way for a clash between rivalries; his wife Jiang and Gang of Four tried to govern the nation but were unsuccessful, and the pragmatist acted in alliance with military leaders and took power.

Vietnam

Nguyen Anh Defeats Tayson Rebellion

1802

Nguyen defeated Tayson Peasant Rebellion that fought the Nguyen Dynasty. The French supported Nguyen Anh, but he gave the French less power after defeating the rebels than they would have liked.

Minh Mang Rules Vietnam

1820 - 1841

Minh Mang gives the French less power then they would like, turning to Confuciansim rather than Jesuit Catholicism. The French got frustrated and conquered all of Vietnam.

VNDQQ Fails to Liberate Vietnam

1929

The VNDQQ led a bloody uprising against the French, but failed to move Vietnam closer to freedom.

Global

World War II

1939 - 1945

In the second World War, Japan fought the US after conquering most of Europe’s South Asian colonies. Japan also conquered Manchuria. These locations were conquered to fuel Japanese industrialism; however, the systems for yielding product from the territories were ineffective, and the Japanese got few returns from their South Asian domains.