US, Britain and Native Americans laid claim to Oregon country. In 1818 Britain and the US agreed to split Oregon country equally.
William Becknell opened the Santa Fe Trail, and it became a major trading route between New Mexico and the US
Claimed land could be bought at $1.25 up to 160 acres. Only heads of families qualified. Law was made permanent in 1941.
Missionaries attempted to convert Native Americans. They also spread word about Willamette Valley and Oregon country.
Joseph Smith was killed by a mob in 1844. Brigham Young became the new leader.
Mormons feeling persecution settled at the Great Salt Lake, where Utah is now.
Great Plains as Native American territory in exchange for settlers safe passage
The most successful empresario. Empresarios were given land to fill with a certain number of settlers.
3 laws were passed to make it easier for foreigners to settle in Texas.
Coahuila and Texas were joined to become a Mexican state.
Benjamin Edwards led a rebellion against Mexico, and tried to declare independence. This was stopped by Mexican troops.
For fear of an American takeover, Mexico closed its borders to immigrants and stopped trading with the US.
Two conventions were held to try and convince the Mexican government to allow immigration, and to separate Texas and Coahuila.
Stephen Austin visited the President of Mexico to try and persuade him. On his way back to Texas, he was arrested for treason and put into jail without trial.
After many battles, the Mexican President was forced to sign a treaty recognizing Texas as its own country.
At a missionary called the Alamo, rebel troops bought Houston time to prepare for the Mexican army. After holding out for two weeks, they were slaughtered. At Goliad, Texans were defeated by the Mexican army. They surrendered, but the Mexican President insisted on their execution. More than 300 rebels were executed.
The Mexican President allowed his troops to take a nap in the afternoon; the rebels made a surprise attack on his troops. The battle lasted only 20 minutes but hundreds were killed in the following hours, as Texans took revenge for Alamo and Goliad. 700 Mexican troops were captured, including the President.