History

Periodization

Period 1- Technological and Environmental Transformations

1000 BCE - 600 BCE

Period 2- Organization and Reorganization of Human Societies

600 BCE - 600 CE

Period 3- Regional and Transregional Interactions

600 CE - 1450

Period 4- Global Interactions

1450 - 1750

Period 5- Industrialization of Global Interaction

1750 - 1900

Period 6- Accelerating Global Change and Realignments

1900 - 2013

East Asia

Shang Dynasty

1766 Bc - 1122 bc

Huang He valley. Got bronze metallurgy from the Indo-Europeans. Oracle bones. Matrilineal. Centralized. Overtaken by the Zhou.

Zhou Dynasty

1029 bc - 258 bc

Mandate of Heaven. Centralized government

Qin Dynasty

221 bc - 202 bc

after the Warring States Period. Built the Great Wall. Standardized a lot. Produced silk.

Han Dynasty

200 bc - 220 ce

Started Civil Service Exams. Paper. Declined due to taxes, epidemic, social unrest, nomads, and bad emperors.

Sui Dynasty

589 - 618

Build the Grand Canal

Tang Dynasty

618 - 907

Equal-Field System. Gunpowder and Paper money. Declined due to internal rebellion and nomadic invasion

Silla Dynasty

668 - 1200

kicked Tang out

Song Dynasty

960 - 1279

Footbinding started. North taken by Jurhcens, but the South continued

Gempei Wars

1150 - 1185

peasants vs samurai

Bakufu Government

1185 - 1467

In Japan. disrupted by social disorder

Yuan Dynasty

1271 - 1368

Kubilai Khan takes over the Song. Fell to rebellion and corruption

Ming Dynasty

1368 - 1644

by Zhu Yuanzhang. Reinstates Civil Service Exams. Invaded by Manchus

Zheng He

1405 - 1423

Tokugawa Shogunate

1603 - 1868

dreaks up daimyo.

Dutch learning

1640

China opens to Trade

1644

under the manchurians

Qing Dynasty

1644 - 1911

Taiping Rebellion for social reform. Self-Strengthening Movement promotes West. Fell to rebellion

Opium War

1839 - 1842

Britain vs China. ended by Treaty of Nanking. British win

Commodore Perry

1854 - 1856

opens Japan to trade

Meiji Restoration

1868

by Mutsuhito. ends feudalism. centralizes the government

Sino-Japanese War

1895

beat China for Korea

Boxer Rebellion

1898 - 1901

anti foreiners in China

Spheres of Influence

1900

in china

Russo-Japanese War

1904 - 1905

Japan beat Russia for Korea

Chinese Revolution

1911 - 1912

by Sun Yat-sen; overthows Qing

Guomindang

1919

by Yat-sen

May 4th Movement

1919

for democracy

Communic Party of China

1921

Chinese Civil War

1925

Jiang Jieshi takes over G. MAo wins

Japan invaded Manchuria

1931

Japan invaded China

1937

Korean Conflict

1950

Soviet and Chinese North vs US South

Cultural Revolution

1965

by Mao; uses Red Gaurd

Deng Xiaoping

1976

westernizes a bit

Tiananmen Square

1989

for democracy

Southeast Asia

Vietnam gain Independence

939

from Tang

Vietnam independence

1945

declared by Ho Chi Minh

Geneva Conference

1954

French give Minh Vietnam officially

Vietnam War

1968 - 1973

fights for south

Communists take Vietnam

1975

South Asia

Vedic Age

1500 BCE - 1000 BCE

Aryans

1500 BCE

Had iron. Learned about them through the Vedic Age.

Herbrews- north

1000 BCE - 722 BCe

Israel was established and split into north and Judah. Falls to Assyrians

Hebrews- Judah

1000 BCE - 586 BCE

Judah falls to Chaldeans

Epic Age

1000 BCE - 600 BCE

Mauryan Dynasty

322 bc - 220 ce

Founded by Chnadragupta. Ashoka promoted Buddhism

Gupta Dynasty

320 ce - 600

Hinduism. More decentralized. Encouraged sati and caste system. Fell to white Huns

Sultanate of Delhi

1206 - 1526

Islamic

Vasco da Gama

1498

sails around the Cape of Good hope to India. Portuguese

Mughal Dynasty

1526 - 1850

By Babur the Tiber. In India. Built the Taj Mahal. Fell to costs of warfare and religious tension.

Akbar

1560 - 1605

Mughal high. supported cooperation with Muslims and Hindus. supported women's rights

Sepoy Rebellion

1857 - 1858

sepoys in the British army

Indian National Congress

1885

promotes Indian peace and role in government

Government of India Act

1935

Pakistan

1947

Indian Independence

1947

from british

Bangladesh

1972

off of Pakistan

Middle East and North Africa

Kush conquers Egypts

750 bc

Persians

550 bc - 323 bc

Founded by Cyrus the Great who freed the Jews. Tolerant. Founded Zoroastrianism. Taken by Alexander.

Axum conquers Kush

300

Christians

Life of Muhammad

570 - 632

Muslim Shism

661

Sunni (backing Abu Bakr) split from Shia (backing Ali)

Umayyad Dynasty

661 - 750

Abbasid Dynasty

750 - 1200

Invaded by Mongols

Mamluks

1300 - 1500

Spread Islam to Egypt. Invaded by Ottomans

Muhammad Ali

1800

tries to industrialize Egypt but is hindred by Britain

Suez Canal

1869

strengthens egypts economy

Palestine

1948

Abdul Nasser

1954

president of Egypt- loses 6 day war to israel

Ayatollah Khomeini

1979

overthrows US gov in Iran. strict sharia

Saddam Hussein

1990 - 2006

leads Iraq; annexs Kuwait; fights US-2003

Central Asia

Mongols

1200 - 1400

Temujin

1206

Unites the mongols. aka Chinggis Khan

Tamerlane

1350

Tamerlane wreaks havoc

Russian monarchy

1480 - 1613

after to Mongols. Ivan III and the IV. leads to Romanov Dynasty after no heir

Romanov Dynasty

1613 - 1917

started by Mikhail Romanov

Peter the Great

1689 - 1725

westernization

Catherine II

1729 - 1796

brings enlightened ideas

Serf Emancipation

1861

russia frees them in order to compete in world trade

Russo-Japanese War

1904 - 1905

over Korea; Russia lost

Revolution of 1905

1905

formed russian parliament- Duma

Bolsheviks Rise

1917

Nicholas II abdicates; Lenin rises

Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

1918

ends russian involvement in WWI

Russian Civil War

1918 - 1921

Red Army- communists vs White Army- US, France, Britain, and Japan

USSR

1923 - 1991

Lenin uses NEP allowing some private prop

Stalin

1924

purges opponets, collectivization, failed. 5 year plans make Russia industrialized

Hitler tries to invade Russia

1941

Tehran Conference

1943

soviets gain ground

Yalta Conference

1945

Potsdam Conference

1945

Warsaw Pact

1949

USSR response to NATO

Sputnik

1957

by USSR; first satelitte

Mikhail Gorbachev

1980

glasnot and perestroika

Vladimir Putin

2000

Sub-Saharan Africa

Great Trek

1834

Boers move inwars after Brtish interfers. fight Zulu

Berlin Conference

1884 - 1885

divided Africa into colonies

Boer War

1899 - 1902

result of Boer/Britsh tension. Dutch win

Apartheid

1948 - 1990

by Afrikaners

Decolonization

1957 - 1990

started with Ghana

Eastern Europe

Ottomans

1453 - 1680

Under Osman Bey. Take Constantinople from the Seljuk Turks. Army of Janissaries from the devshirme. Declined to corruption, size, and outdated weapons.

Wahabi Rebellion

1800

attempts to strengthened ottoman trade by enforcing tradition

Tanzimet Reforms

1839 - 1876

fail to improve ottoman economy

WWII

1937 - 1945

Munich Conference

1938

offers Hitler appeasement

Hitler attacks Poland

1939

war starts in Europe

Allies March

1945

hilter commits suicide; war ends in europe

Nikita Khrushchev

1956 - 1980

eases up on repression

Berlin Wall

1961 - 1989

Western Europe

Phoenicians

800 bc

seafaring peoples

Persian Wars

500 bc - 449 bc

Athens and Sparta team up to fight the Persians

Greeks

500 bc - 336 bc

Aristotle. Fell to the Hellenistic Era

Pericles

443 bc - 429 bc

Rules Athens. The Golden Age of Democracy

Peloponnesian Wars

431 bc - 404 bc

Sparta beats Athens

Hellenistic Age

336 bc - 146 bc

Alexander the Great rules Greece. Stoicism- reason, discipline, and helping other. Ptolemy

Rome

264 bc - 476

Gains complete power after the Punic War.

Julius Caeser

45 bc - 44 bc

Julius reigns for the people and is assassinated.

Octavian/ Augustus

27 bc

Ushers in Pax Romana

Byzantines

330 - 1453

Eastern half of Rome survives. Justinian tries to reclaim rome but fails. Fall to the Ottomans

Al- Andalus

711 - 732

Islamic Spain and the Caliphate of Cordoba.
Expansion stopped by the Battle of Tours

Feudalism

800

rises as a result of viking attacks

Investiture conflicts

900

Pope Gregory VII vs Henry IV

Holy Roman Empire

962 - 1806

Created by Franks. Starts with Otto I.

William the Conqueror

1066

aka Duke of Normandy brings new form of fuedalism

Hundred Years War

1337 - 1453

increased french and english power

Renaissance

1450

European interaction with Muslims spark the Renasissance

Reconquista

1492

expels the Muslims and Jews from Spain. leads to Columbus's voyage

Protestant Reformation

1517

Martin Luther publishes 95 thesis. supported by Henry VIII (7).

Magellan

1519

Ferdinand Magella circumnavigates the world

Catholic Reformation

1545 - 1563

Council of Trent outlaws indulgences. Jesuits are missionaries.

Scientfic Revolution

1600 - 1700

leads to enlightenment

English Civil War

1642 - 1649

Establishes a powerful parliament

Louis XIV

1643 - 1715

14 rules France from Versailles. Absolute monarch

Glorious Revolution

1689

bloodless replacement of the English king

Seven Years' War

1756 - 1763

Britain vs French over India. Brits woon. 1st global war

Industrial Revolution

1770

James Watt invented the steam engine

French Revolution

1789

estates general called. dec. of the rights of the man and citizen

Reign of Terror

1792

by Jacobins. executes Louis XVI

Napoleon

1799 - 1815

defeated by Europeans. failed to invade Russia

Britain ends Slave Trade

1807

Congress of Vienna

1815

restores balance to Europe after Napoleon

Belgium, France, US and Germany Industrialize

1820

Revolution of 1848

1848

fails to reform Europe

Population Increases

1850

end of epidemics. potatoes

Second Industrial Revolution

1850

steel and electricity

Italy Unifies

1870

Germany Unifies

1871

Russia, Egypt, and Germany Industrialize

1900

WWI

1914 - 1918

by Archduke Ferdinand; ended with treaty of versailles; forms league of nations

Spanish Civil War

1936 - 1939

gives Germany and Italy practice fighting

United Nations

1945

Spanish-American War

1989

US gets Puerto rico, Guam, and Philippines. makes us a world power

North America

Cahokia

600 - 1400

mound builders

Vikings discover Canada

900

iceland and greenland too

French in Canada

1534

English in America

1600

colonize the east coast

American Revolution

1763 - 1776

sparked by no representation. ends with declaration of independence

US Constitution

1787

Monroe Doctrine

1823

justifies American dominance of the west

Slave Trade ends

1867

atlantic slave trade

Great Depression

1929

starts in us; b/c of WWI debts

Truman Doctrine

1947

US communist containment policiy

Marshall Plan

1947

US helps Europe recover

NATO formed

1949

US, Canada, and Western Europe against USSR

Civil Rights Movement

1950 - 1960

in America

Cuban Missile Crisis

1962

US on the Moon

1969

Helsinki Accords

1975

address nukes and human rights

Latin America

Chavin Cult

900 BCE

Had unity through local trade but had no centralized government.

Mayans

250 - 900

have zero. Pictographic writing. Human sacrifice

Toltecs

950 - 1150

Move in after the Mayans. Build Chichen Itza

Mochica

1000

South American Andes

Incas

1300 - 1535

aka Quechua. Quipu. conquered by francisco pizarro

Aztecs

1325 - 1521

conquered by hernan cortes

Treaty of Tordesillas

1494

splits americas between portugal and spain

Haitian Revolution

1791 - 1804

led by Toussaint L'Overture

Raw materials for Europe

1800

gives materials to europe in exchange for manufactured goods

Jose de San Martin

1816

declared Chilean and Argentinian independence

Mexican Independence

1821

declares independent from Spain. Augustin de Iturbide

Gran Colombia

1822

united by Simon Bolivar. Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela

Brazilian Independence

1882

by Prince of Portugal, Dom Pedro.

Mexican Revolution

1910 - 1920

by middle and working class; overthrow Profirio Diaz

Cuban Revolution

1959

Castro overthrows Batista; communist

Evita Peron

1960

Argentina; military leaders rule

Bay of Pigs

1961

US unsuccessfully tries to invade cuba

Sandinistas

1980

Nicaragua; protest US economic involvement

PAN

2000

elected; replaces the Partido Revolutcionario Institucional

Oceania

Austronesian migrations

1500 bc - 700

Maori

1200

From the Pacific. settle New Zealand

Hawaii annexed

1898

fills with Chinese and Japanese workers

Pearl Harbor

1941

Japan bombs us