On May 17, the Supreme Court overturned the controversial separate but equal decision that upheld segregation. This unanimous decision went against Plessy v. Ferguson which decided in 1896.
Emmit Till was severly beaten and shot for whistling at a white woman. Till was from Chicago and visiting relatives in Mississippi when the woman's husband and half brother kidnaped and later killed Till.
Called the mother of the civil righs movement, Parks helped to spark the movement on December,1 by refusing to move for a white passenger
The boycott began with the defiance of Rosa Parks to relinquish her seat to a white man. From December of 1955 to the next year black residents of Montgomery were urged to not pay busses until they were desegregated and allowed black passengers to ride anywhere with an open seat.
The Southern Manifesto was a document drafted by congressmen in oppisition to integration. The document was signed by 99 politicians, and accused the Supreme Court of violating the 10th amendment giving states power the federal government isn't granted.
The Supreme Court ruling that sided with civil rights leaders and declared bus segregation unconstitutional was a huge social leap. It also showed that boycotts and other nonviolent protest were effective in achieving social justice.
The incident at Little Rock Central High School proved that executive forces could and would be used to enforce integration. The high school in Little Rock stayed segregated by the national gaurd of Arkansas under order of governor Fabius. President Eisenhower deployed the military and nationalized the Arkansas National Gaurd
The first sit ins were staged by four black male students who sat at a white only counter in a restaurant. All four students had read about nonviolent protest by Ghandi and knew the patience and discipline required. The sit- ins increased awareness and sparked more protests.
On May the 4th of 1961 14 black and white protestors rode the southern interstate bus system together. The director of the protest was James farmer and by integrating themselves the activists hoped to challenge the non enforcement of bus desegregation.
This date is Significant in the civil rights movement as it was the first time a black student had been admitted to a previously all white school. At first Merdith was rejected until it could be proved through the courts he was rejected based on color.
Medger Evers was a civil rights activist who was in the N.A.A.C.P and worked closely to ensure James Meridith get accepted into University of Mississippi. His assassination by K.K.K member caused great mourning and increased support for the civil rights movement
This famous speech was delivered on the Lincoln Memorial. This speech is well known because M.LK. was able to give put the struggles of black people into the spotlight and encourage integration and despues racism
The bombing of a the 16th street baptist church was done by four known K.K.K members. In the bombing four little girls died, this aggravated tensions in Birmingham, Alabama and throughout the country. These deaths helped to expose the civil rights movement.
The assassination of JFK and controversy surrounding it deeply hurt and confused the American public. In relation to the Civil Rights movement JFKs assassination helped it because it put Johnson in the presidency who was more committed to the movement.
The civil rights act was the results of decades of protesting from civil rights leaders and events that made racial struggle more obvious. The bill outlawed forms of discrimination on race, ethnicity, religion, or gender and ended racial segregation.
Malcolm X was a controversial and one of the most influential civil rights leaders. He was a Muslim minister who was a member of the Nation of Islam. He cut ties with the nation in 1963, he was killed before giving a speech. His murderer was never found and wide conspiracy theories surround his death involving the Nation of Islam
This march from Montgomory to Selma was the first of three protesting equal voting rights. The peaceful protestors were met by local police who beat and injured them severly.
On August 6th president Johnson signed the Voting Act which allowed African Americans to gain equal voting rights and not be deterred from voting through literary tests and taxes.
The six day riots centered in the watts section of L.A resulted in over 30 deaths 1000 injuries and over 3000 arrests. The incident sparked from the tense racial enviormental in the predominantly black watts neighborhood created by police brutality and barring black people and other minorities from many neighborhoods.
The riots like in L.A were partially the result of an already strained racially tense enviorment. The cause of the riots in Newark were the arrest and beating of a cab driver by corrupt Newark police officers.
President Lyndon Johnson appointed Marshall, the first African American to the Supreme Court. This act signified a major achievement for black people and the Civil Rights Movement.
Martin Luther King Jr. Was the most notable and prominent civil rights leader. He was shot in the neck by James Earl Ray, who was later caught and arrested. King had predicted he would be assasinated for a long time, his death caused mass riots throughout the county.
Robert Kenedy, brother of JFK and senator was shot in L.A hotel. His assasination had a major effect on the civil rights movement because he was a supporter of bills giving black people equal rights in court.