Untitled timeline

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The National Association of Colored Women

1896 - 1903

bringing together more than 100 black women's clubs. Leaders in the black women's club movement include Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin, Mary Church Terrell, and Anna Julia Cooper.

The National Women's Trade Union League

1903 - 1913

The National Women's Trade Union League (WTUL) is established to advocate for improved wages and working conditions for women.

Alice Paul and Lucy Burns form the Congressional Union

1913 - 1916

to work toward the passage of a federal amendment to give women the vote. The group is later renamed the National Women's Party. Members picket the White House and practice other forms of civil disobedience.

Margaret Sanger opens the first U.S. birth-control clinic in Brooklyn, N.Y.

1916 - 1919

Although the clinic is shut down 10 days later and Sanger is arrested, she eventually wins support through the courts and opens another clinic in New York City in 1923.

The federal woman suffrage amendment

1919 - 1920

originally written by Susan B. Anthony and introduced in Congress in 1878, is passed by the House of Representatives and the Senate. It is then sent to the states for ratification.

The 19th Amendment to the Constitution

1920 - Present

The Women's Bureau of the Department of Labor is formed to collect information about women in the workforce and safeguard good working conditions for women.

Aug. 26
The 19th Amendment to the Constitution, granting women the right to vote, is signed into law by Secretary of State Bainbridge Colby.