World War 2

Main

Mussolini

29 Oct 1922

Mussolini boarded a train to Rome where he was given control over Italy.
He achieved some semblance of power after the March on Rome in 1922

Holocaust

1933 - 1945

Death camps / labor camps
6 Million Jewish lives lost
Genocide / Killing Squads
The Nazis used the term "the Final Solution" to refer to their plan to murder the Jewish people.
"concentration camps,"= concentration camps, extermination camps, labor camps, prisoner-of-war camps, and transit camps.

Germany - Hitler

30 Jan 1933

Hitler takes power in Germany

Austria

March 13, 1938

Germany took over Austria
specifically disallowed in the Versailles Treaty.

Czechoslovakia

September 29, 1938

the French and the British handed Germany a large portion of Czechoslovakia

New Technologies

1939 - 1945

Airplanes- fighter planes, bombers, the spitfire and the B-17
weapons- Machine guns, tanks, ships, atomic bomb, and the DUKW
new ways to communicate like the telephone or telegraph

World War II – Begins 1939

1939

Germany invades Poland

1 Sep 1939

The war was said to have officially began when Germany invaded Poland

Blitzkrieg

September 1, 1939

German troops entered Poland. The sudden, immense attack by the Germans was called a Blitzkrieg ("lightening war")

Operation Sea Lion

1940

The name given by Hitler for the planned invasion of Great Britain in 1940.
57 nights of bombing / bomb shelter
Angered Great Britain
Hitler turned to Russia

United States – “Arsenal of Democracy”

March, 1941

Lend-Lease Act empowered the president to "lend, lease, or exchange" war materials with nations whose struggle against aggression was considered necessary to American security
It made the United States the "arsenal of democracy," and it became a factor in the final victory of the Allies.

Japanese Attack Pearl Harbor

December 7, 1941

Surprise attack on Hawaii
“Date which will live in infamy”

Allies Declare War on Japan

8 Dec 1941

After a stirring speech from FDR, the Senate vote 388 to 1 to declare war on Japan. Three days later, Germany and Italy declared war on!

Germany and Italy declare war on the US

11 Dec 1941

Germany and Italy, allies of Japan due to the Tripartite Pact, declare war on the US.

Nagasaki – Second A-Bomb dropped on Japan

1945

bomb was dropped at 11:02 a.m.
The explosion unleashed the equivalent force of 22,000 tons of TNT. The hills that surrounded the city did a better job of containing the destructive force, but the number killed is estimated at anywhere between 60,000 and 80,000