Required a system of public education to be established in each township formed under a specified formula. Regulated monies raised via selling or renting land, or taxes.
Discussed a national university and urged federal involvement in public education. Seen as critical to preparation for citizenship in a republican form of government.
Congress granted 77+ million acres of land in the public domain as endowments for support of schools. Federal government also granted surplus money to states for public education.
Donated public lands to states to be used for the endowment to support and maintain at least one college with specific purpose of teaching agriculture, mechanic arts and industrial education.
Began to collect data – information on schools and teaching that would help states establish effective school systems.
Gave the Office of Education responsibility for administering support for the original system of land-grant colleges.
Promoted vocational schools. Repealed 1997.
Eased the burden on communities affected by presence of military and federal installations through payments to school districts.
Provided post secondary education assistance to GIs returning from WW II.
Provided funding for agricultural, industrial and home economics training for high school students.
In response to Soviet Sputnik. NDEA included support for loans to college students in science, mathematics and foreign languages.
Established comprehensive set of programs, including Title I of federal aid to disadvantaged.
Prohibited discrimination in education based on gender.
Prohibited discrimination based on disability.
Recognized the important role of public education.
Federal government transferred responsibility for administering the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) to ETS.
Published report indicating that the United States was falling behind in education achievement.
“Indian Education Bill of Rights”
K-12 Drug awareness model.
Advisory committee on Hispanic education.
America 2000 education reform program.
Work began on national standards.
Academics 2000 offered grants to states and local school districts for innovative programs.
Reauthorization of ESEA –No Child Left Behind.
President Obama’s Blueprint for Reform – Reauthorization of ESEA.
Race to the Top: Grants awarded to states with innovative ideas that accepted the Common Core Standards.