Career Counseling over the last 100 years

Organizations

Parson establishes first instituion for career counseling

1908

Parson established the first instituion for career counseling named the Vocation Bureau at Civic Service House. It was the first formal institution in the United States.

National Vocational Guidance Association

1913 - 1985

The National Vocational Guidance Association was formed as a community of vocational guidance workers. The organization later changed its name to the National Career Development Association in 1985.

U.S. Department of Labor founded

1913

In 1913, the U.S. Department of Labor was founded and included the Bureau of Labor Statistics which was formally under the Department of Interior. Today these organizations provide an outlook onto the future of the many types of careers.

Civilian Conservation Corps formed

1933

Under the supervision of th Department of Education, the Civilian Conservatioin Corps assisted unemployed young people by providing them with training and employment.

National Board for Certified Counselors

1983

The National Board of Certified Counselors was the first organization to provide professional certification to career counselors using the standard of National Career Counselor Examination.

Acts

Smith-Hughes Act of 1917

1917

Pope (2000) indicate the Smith-Hughes Act of 1917 was responsible for creating a vocational training curriculm into the secondary school system.

Implementing Vocational Training

1929 - 1936

Pope (2000) comments from 1929 to 1936, there were acts passed to solidify the role of vocational training in secondary education. The acts were as follows: George-Reed Act of 1929, George-Ellzey Act of 1934, and the George-Deen Act of 1936.

Fair Labor Standards Act passed

1938

According to the Society of Human Resources Management (2013), the Fair Labor Standards Act inproved the conditions of workers by mandating minimum wages, implementing overtime pay, and establishing guidelines as to the age at which individuals can enter the workforce.

Vocational Act of 1963

1963

The Vocational Act of 1963 was in response to the nation's high unemployment rate. The act focused on expanding the effect of vocational training by creating vocational programs in areas where the programs did not exist, creating work-study opportunites for full-time students, and increasing the effectiveness of vocational education in all high schools.

Carl D. Perkins Vocational Education Act

1984

The Carl D. Perkins Vocational Education Act expanded the funding available to students from the original amounts offered in the Vocational Education Act. The Perkins Act aimed to offer equal opportunities to all adults by offering grants to help students fund their training of job related skills.

School-to-Work Opportunities Act

1994

The School-to-Work Opportunities Act aimed to created a healthy relationship beteern educators and potential employers.

Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Technical Education Act of 2006

2006

The Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Technical Educatoin Act of 2006 focuses on the relationship between secondary and post-secondary education. Technical institutions as well as community colleges are a viable option for a student wanting to focus on a particular techincal career.

Social events

End of World War I

1930 - 1939

Pope (2000) comments the end of World War I forced the country to re-evaluate the role of vocational education so workers can gain the necessary skills for the changing industrial jobs.

Dictionary of Occupational Titles

1939

The Dictionary of Occupational Titles published its first version in 1939.

National Defense Education Act

1957

After World War II, the United States was concerned about the future of its leadership in the field of technology. In 1956, the USSR was a pioneer in technology with its successful launching of Sputnik. In response to Sputnik, the National Defense Education Act encouraged counselors to identify and recruit students into the science and math fields.

Increase in people wanting to change the world

1960 - 1979

The period from 1960 to 1979 saw drastic changes in society's thinking including the Civil Rights Movement and the Vietnam War. People began to desire work focused on making a meaningful impact on others in society.