Parson established the first instituion for career counseling named the Vocation Bureau at Civic Service House. It was the first formal institution in the United States.
The National Vocational Guidance Association was formed as a community of vocational guidance workers. The organization later changed its name to the National Career Development Association in 1985.
In 1913, the U.S. Department of Labor was founded and included the Bureau of Labor Statistics which was formally under the Department of Interior. Today these organizations provide an outlook onto the future of the many types of careers.
Under the supervision of th Department of Education, the Civilian Conservatioin Corps assisted unemployed young people by providing them with training and employment.
The National Board of Certified Counselors was the first organization to provide professional certification to career counselors using the standard of National Career Counselor Examination.
Pope (2000) indicate the Smith-Hughes Act of 1917 was responsible for creating a vocational training curriculm into the secondary school system.
Pope (2000) comments from 1929 to 1936, there were acts passed to solidify the role of vocational training in secondary education. The acts were as follows: George-Reed Act of 1929, George-Ellzey Act of 1934, and the George-Deen Act of 1936.
According to the Society of Human Resources Management (2013), the Fair Labor Standards Act inproved the conditions of workers by mandating minimum wages, implementing overtime pay, and establishing guidelines as to the age at which individuals can enter the workforce.
The Vocational Act of 1963 was in response to the nation's high unemployment rate. The act focused on expanding the effect of vocational training by creating vocational programs in areas where the programs did not exist, creating work-study opportunites for full-time students, and increasing the effectiveness of vocational education in all high schools.
The Carl D. Perkins Vocational Education Act expanded the funding available to students from the original amounts offered in the Vocational Education Act. The Perkins Act aimed to offer equal opportunities to all adults by offering grants to help students fund their training of job related skills.
The School-to-Work Opportunities Act aimed to created a healthy relationship beteern educators and potential employers.
The Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Technical Educatoin Act of 2006 focuses on the relationship between secondary and post-secondary education. Technical institutions as well as community colleges are a viable option for a student wanting to focus on a particular techincal career.
Pope (2000) comments the end of World War I forced the country to re-evaluate the role of vocational education so workers can gain the necessary skills for the changing industrial jobs.
The Dictionary of Occupational Titles published its first version in 1939.
After World War II, the United States was concerned about the future of its leadership in the field of technology. In 1956, the USSR was a pioneer in technology with its successful launching of Sputnik. In response to Sputnik, the National Defense Education Act encouraged counselors to identify and recruit students into the science and math fields.
The period from 1960 to 1979 saw drastic changes in society's thinking including the Civil Rights Movement and the Vietnam War. People began to desire work focused on making a meaningful impact on others in society.