Mexican Revoltion 1820-1920

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Mexican independence declared

2/24/1821

Spain recognizes Mexican independence with the Treaty of Cordoba

New Mexican Constitution

1823

General Santa Anna deposes Iturbide, the monarchy fails, and a new constitution creates a federal republic

Texas declares its Independence

3/2/1836

Texas declared its independence and won it at the Battle of San Jacinto

Mexican-American War

1846 - 1848

War between U.S. and Mexico. Four campaigns: Taylor in Northern Mexico, Kearny in New Mexico, naval blockage of both coasts, and Scott’s campaign from Vera Cruz to Mexico City.

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

2/2/1848

The treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo reduces Mexico's territory by half, ceding present-day Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah, and part of Colorado to the U.S.

Constitution of 1857

1857

Mexican Civil War

1857 - 1860

Benito Juarez emerged as liberal leader and President.

French Occupation

1863 - 1867

The French occupy Mexico City and Napoleon III of France appoints Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian of Austria as Emperor of Mexico

Maximilian is executed

1864

Juarez's Presidency

1867 - 1872

Juarez regains presidency

Diaz Presidency

1876 - 1911

Porfirio Diáz dictator of Mexico (for all but four years). Economic growth.

Mexican Revolution

1910 - 1920

Madero Imprisoned

1910

Diaz throws Madero into prison before 1910 election.

Madero's Presidency

5/25/1911 - 2/18/1913

Madero wins election to the Mexican presidency. Later killed with his brother in the Ten Tragic Days in Mexico City,.

Diaz's resignation

5/25/1911

Exiled to France

Ten Tragic Days

2/9/1913 - 2/18/1913

Tragic revolts in Mexico City. Madero is murdered.

Huerta's Presidency

2/19/1913 - 7/15/1914

Huerta assumed power after Madero’s death. He resigns in July of 1914 due to his defeat in Zacatecas by Pancho Villa.

Plan de Guadalupe

2/25/1913

Venustiano Carranza drafts his Plan de Guadalupe that accuses Huerta of restoring a dictatorship and committing treason; calls for a return to the values of the Constitution of 1857 (supporters are called Constitutionalists)

Obregon elected President

1920