Spain recognizes Mexican independence with the Treaty of Cordoba
General Santa Anna deposes Iturbide, the monarchy fails, and a new constitution creates a federal republic
Texas declared its independence and won it at the Battle of San Jacinto
War between U.S. and Mexico. Four campaigns: Taylor in Northern Mexico, Kearny in New Mexico, naval blockage of both coasts, and Scott’s campaign from Vera Cruz to Mexico City.
The treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo reduces Mexico's territory by half, ceding present-day Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah, and part of Colorado to the U.S.
Benito Juarez emerged as liberal leader and President.
The French occupy Mexico City and Napoleon III of France appoints Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian of Austria as Emperor of Mexico
Juarez regains presidency
Porfirio Diáz dictator of Mexico (for all but four years). Economic growth.
Diaz throws Madero into prison before 1910 election.
Madero wins election to the Mexican presidency. Later killed with his brother in the Ten Tragic Days in Mexico City,.
Exiled to France
Tragic revolts in Mexico City. Madero is murdered.
Huerta assumed power after Madero’s death. He resigns in July of 1914 due to his defeat in Zacatecas by Pancho Villa.
Venustiano Carranza drafts his Plan de Guadalupe that accuses Huerta of restoring a dictatorship and committing treason; calls for a return to the values of the Constitution of 1857 (supporters are called Constitutionalists)