General Augustín de Iturbide signed the Plan of Iguala to establish the new nation.
General Santa Anna replaced Iturbide and declared a Republic
Texas declared its independence and won it at the Battle of San Jacinto.
The United States annexed the Republic of Texas.
War between U.S. and Mexico. Four campaigns: Taylor in Northern Mexico, Kearny in New Mexico, naval blockage of both coasts, and Scott's campaign from Vera Cruz to Mexico City.
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends the War. Terms of peace included payment by the United States of $15 million for large amount of Mexico territory.
Civil war; Benito Juarez emerged as liberal leader and President.
A new constitution and a liberal victory.
French army captured Mexico City and Archduke Maximilian of Austria-Hungary (a Hapsburg) became Emperor of Mexico. In 1867, French withdrew and Maximilian is executed at Querétaro.
Juarez is president of Mexico again.
Porfirio Diáz dictator of Mexico (for all but four years). Economic growth.
Francisco Madero was put into jail during 1910 elections by Diaz.
Pancho Villa joined Madero at the battle of Casas Grandes
Orzoco and Villa demand some federal officers be executed. Madero refuses; causes Orzoco and Villa to leave Madero.
Madero wins election to the Mexican presidency. Later killed with his brother in the Ten Tragic Days in Mexico City,.
Díaz resigns and leaves to Paris, France in exhile.
Tragic revolts in Mexico City. Madero is murdered.
Huerta assumed power after Madero's death. He resigns in July of 1914 due to his defeat in Zacatecas by Pancho Villa.
Venustiano Carranza drafts his Plan de Guadalupe that accuses Huerta of restoring a dictatorship and committing treason; calls for a return to the values of the Constitution of 1857 (supporters are called Constitutionalists)
Carranza declares himself president, but it is not entirely official. Villa and Zapata leave him. The United States recognizes Carranza as México’s president in October of 1915. He is elected president in 1917.
Zapata is assassinated at Chinamecca
Villa is defeated at the last Battle of Juárez
Obregón is elected president of México