Mexican Revolution 1820-1920

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Mexico free from Spanish rule

02/24/1821

General Augustín de Iturbide signed the Plan of Iguala to establish the new nation.

Mexico delcared a Republic

1823

General Santa Anna replaced Iturbide and declared a Republic

Texas declared independence

3/1/1836

Texas declared its independence and won it at the Battle of San Jacinto.

Texas became a part of U.S.

12/29/1845

The United States annexed the Republic of Texas.

Mexican-American War

1846 - 1848

War between U.S. and Mexico. Four campaigns: Taylor in Northern Mexico, Kearny in New Mexico, naval blockage of both coasts, and Scott's campaign from Vera Cruz to Mexico City.

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

2/2/1848

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends the War. Terms of peace included payment by the United States of $15 million for large amount of Mexico territory.

Constitution of 1857

1857

A new constitution and a liberal victory.

Civil War

1857 - 1860

Civil war; Benito Juarez emerged as liberal leader and President.

French control of Mexico

1863 - 1867

French army captured Mexico City and Archduke Maximilian of Austria-Hungary (a Hapsburg) became Emperor of Mexico. In 1867, French withdrew and Maximilian is executed at Querétaro.

Juarez presidency

1867 - 1872

Juarez is president of Mexico again.

Diaz dicatorship

1877 - 1911

Porfirio Diáz dictator of Mexico (for all but four years). Economic growth.

Francisco Madero imprisoned

1910

Francisco Madero was put into jail during 1910 elections by Diaz.

Pancho Villa joins Madero (Casas Grandes)

3/6/1911

Pancho Villa joined Madero at the battle of Casas Grandes

Orzoco and Villa leave Madero

5/13/1911

Orzoco and Villa demand some federal officers be executed. Madero refuses; causes Orzoco and Villa to leave Madero.

Diaz resigns

5/25/1911

Díaz resigns and leaves to Paris, France in exhile.

Madero's presidency

5/25/1911 - 2/18/1913

Madero wins election to the Mexican presidency. Later killed with his brother in the Ten Tragic Days in Mexico City,.

Ten Tragic Days

2/9/1913 - 2/18/1913

Tragic revolts in Mexico City. Madero is murdered.

Huerta's presidency

2/19/1913 - 7/15/1914

Huerta assumed power after Madero's death. He resigns in July of 1914 due to his defeat in Zacatecas by Pancho Villa.

Plan de Guadalupe

3/25/1913

Venustiano Carranza drafts his Plan de Guadalupe that accuses Huerta of restoring a dictatorship and committing treason; calls for a return to the values of the Constitution of 1857 (supporters are called Constitutionalists)

Carranza's presidency

8/1/1914 - 1/1/1920

Carranza declares himself president, but it is not entirely official. Villa and Zapata leave him. The United States recognizes Carranza as México’s president in October of 1915. He is elected president in 1917.

Villa's defeat

1919

Villa is defeated at the last Battle of Juárez

Zapata's defeat

1919

Zapata is assassinated at Chinamecca

Obregon becomes president

1920

Obregón is elected president of México