WHAP Timeline

Main

Neolithic Revolution

10000 BC - 5000 BC

the worlds first verifiable revolution in agriculture

Literature

8000 BC - 600 BC

Epic of Gilgamesh, Rig Veda, Book of the Dead (Egyptian guide through the afterlife)

Arts and Artisanship

8000 BC - 600 BC

Sculpture, painting, wall decorations, elaborate weaving

Hunting-Foraging Bands

8000 BC - 600 BC

society where food is gathered and obtained from wild plants and animals

Staple Crops

8000 BC - 600 BC

Most commonly consumed foods

Pastoralism

8000 BC - 600 BC

the branch of agriculture concerned with raising livestock

Egalitarianism

8000 BC - 600 BC

the trend of thought that favors equality for particular categories of living entities

Heirarchy

8000 BC - 600 BC

a ranking of systems or people

Agrarian Societies

8000 BC - 600 BC

A society that is dependent upon agriculture to support and sustain.

Domesticated Animals

8000 BC - 600 BC

Used for food and labor

Mesopotamia

3000 BC - 2000 BC

Literally means "between the rivers," (Tigris and Euphrates), referring to the land occupied by the earliest societies.

Code of Hammurabi

1792 BC - 1750 BC

Sophisticated law code associated with the Babylonian king Hammurabi.

Greek City-States

600 BC - 600 CE

Groups of villages that banded together
5 most powerful: Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Megara, and Argos

Monsoon Winds

600 BC - 600 CE

The monsoon winds helped with trade in places like India

Mandate of Heaven

600 BC - 600 CE

Chinese belief that the emperors ruled through the mandate or approval of heaven contingent on their ability to look after the welfare of the population.

Environmental Damage

600 BC - 600 CE

Land became bare when the land was over worked

Diasporic Communities

600 BC - 600 CE

Communities of people who have settled far from their original homeland but who still share some measure of ethnic identity.

Demand for raw materials and luxury goods

600 BC - 600 CE

because people weren't moving around as much there was a higher demand for goods

Trade Routes

600 BC - 600 CE

Silk Roads, Indian Ocean Sea lanes, Mediterranean Sea lanes, Trans-Saharan caravan routes

Filial Piety

600 BC - 600 CE

the virtue of respect for ones parents and ancestors

Serfdom

600 - 1450

The use of peasants who were tied to the land and who owed obligation to the lords on whose land they worked.

Black Death

600 - 1450

Most devastating plague; between 75 million and 200 million people died. Effected Europe greatly

Feudalism

600 - 1450

a set of legal and military customs in medieval Europe

Labor organization

600 - 1450

free peasant agriculture, nomadic pastoralism, craft production and guild organization, coerced and unfree labor, government-imposed labor taxes, military obligations

Little Ice Age

600 - 1450

Although it was not a true ice age, it was a period of cooling during the medieval times

Urbanization

600 - 1450

When people moved from rural areas to urban areas

Mit'a

600 - 1450

Incan mandatory public service such as building road networks

Interregional Travelers

600 - 1450

Ibn Battuta, Marco Polo, Xuanzang

New Foods

600 - 1450

Bananas-Africa, Rice-Asia, Cotton, sugar, and citrus-Dar al Islam and Mediterranean Basin

Camels and horses

600 - 1450

they were tamed and used for transportation and work

Vikings

600 - 1450

group of people who raided towns and used long-ships to navigate in rivers

Commerce

800 - 1300

the system of an economy that constitutes an environment for business

Crusades

1095 - 1204

a series of wars that took place during the middle ages, most were not successful. The most famous one was the First Crusade

Columbian Exchange

1325 - 1783

A wide spread exchange of plants, animals, people and culture following the voyage to America by Columbus

Ottoman-Safavid Conflict

1450 - 1750

the Ottoman empire and Safavid Persia fought over the control of Mesopotamia

Piracy

1450 - 1750

Mostly occurred in the Caribbean; some rulers paid pirates to attack their enemies (will turner is hot)

New Ethnic Classifications

1450 - 1750

mestizo, mulatto, creole as a result of multiple ethnic groups in Latin America (Europeans, Indigenous people, African slaves)

Polygamy

1450 - 1750

Africa-due to slavery there was a decrease in men in the male population so in order to get their population back up, men had multiple wives

Daimyo

1450 - 1750

powerful territorial lords in Japan

Encomienda and Hacienda

1450 - 1750

Encomienda-leaders appointed by the Spanish crown were in charge of a certain number of people who owed payment to their leader (slavery)
Hacienda-a system that used estates to show status

Cash Crops

1450 - 1750

grown for direct sale; Potatoes, Maize, Manioc, sugar, tobacco

Salaried Samurai

1450 - 1750

military nobility of medieval and early Japan

Chinese Examination system

1450 - 1750

an attempt to recruit men on the basis of merit rather than family or political connection in Han China

Devshirme

1450 - 1750

the practice by which the Ottoman Empire took boys from Christian families who were then converted to Islam and trained for leadership positions, either military or political

Monopolies

1450 - 1750

When one company controls a product like oil, by lowering prices to the point where other small businesses would have to shut down

Factories

1450 - 1750

factories were essential to produce goods that people needed and they provided jobs

Crop and Field Rotation

1450 - 1750

A system of 3 fields, where they rotate every year so the land wouldn't become over used and not produce

Art Innovations

1450 - 1750

Mona Lisa, Miniature paintings (middle east and south asia), wood-block prints(japan), post-conquest codices in mesoamerica

Joint-stock companies

1450 - 1750

a business entity which is owned by shareholders

Triangle trade

1580 - 1830

trade between Europe, the New World and Africa

Thirty Years War

1618 - 1648

Fought largely as a religious war all across central Europe, and it is the most continuous war in history

The Enlightenment

1660 - 1770

Philosophical movement that began in France and emphasized the prominence of reason rather than faith or tradition and it spread concepts from the Scientific Revolution.

Feminism

1750 - 1914

the belief that women should have equal rights to men (strong independent women, that don't need no man)

Financial Instruments

1750 - 1914

stock markets, insurance, gold standard, limited liability corporations

Revolutionary Documents

1750 - 1914

Declaration of Independence, French Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen, Bolivar's Jamaica Letter

Anarchism

1750 - 1914

the political belief that society should have no government, laws, police or other authority

Utopian socialism

1750 - 1914

socialism based on a belief that social ownership of the means of production can be achieved by voluntary surrendering of property

White Australia Policy

1750 - 1914

an immigration policy designed to restrict the entry of colored people into Australia

Anticolonial movements

1750 - 1914

Indian Revolt of 1857-Sepoy rebellion, Boxer Rebellion

Slave Resistance

1750 - 1914

Slaves revolted yet the only successful one occurred in Haiti

Nationalism

1750 - 1914

loyalty and devotion to ones nation

Reforms

1750 - 1914

tanzimat movement, self-strengthening movement

enlightenment thinkers

1750 - 1914

Voltaire, Rousseau, Adam Smith, Locke, Montesquieu

Transnational businesses

1750 - 1914

united fruit company, hsbc

Mining Centers

1750 - 1914

copper-Mexico, gold and diamond in south africa

Seven Years War

1756 - 1763

resulted form overlapping interests in colonial and trade empires in Europe

Opium Wars

1800 - 1858

result of Chinas isolationist and exclusionary trade policy with the West

Communism

1848 - Present

Revolutionary socialist movement to create a classless, moneyless, and stateless social order structured upon common ownership of production.

Taiping Rebellion

1850 - 1864

a revolt against the Manchu dynasty in China and the presence of foreigners in China

Self-strengthening movement

1861 - 1895

a period of institutional reforms initiated during the Qing dynasty following a series of military defeats

Chinese Exclusion Acts

1882 - 1943

a United States federal law allowing the US to suspend Chinese immigration for 10 years

Pan-Arabism

1914 - 1990

And ideology espousing the unification of the countries of the Arab world.

Marxism

1914 - Present

a view of social change and analysis of class-relations within society

Capitalism

1914 - Present

social system based on the principle of individual rights

Social Darwinism

1914 - Present

the scientific justification for discrimination

liberalism

1914 - Present

an ideology that welcomed change as the agent of progress

Multinational Corporations

1914 - Present

Royal Dutch Shell, Coca-Cola, Sony

Regional Trade Agreements

1914 - Present

The European Union, NAFTA, ASEAN, Mercosur

Pop Culture

1914 - Present

dada, james bond, socialist realism, video games

Fascism

1914 - Present

A form of radical authoritarian nationalism used by Mussolini in Italy (Moose al ini in italini)

World War I

1914 - 1917

trench warfare, tanks, many people died, and Germany had to pay for it

Ethnic violence

1914 - Present

Armenia, The Holocaust, Cambodia, Rwanda

Global warming

1914 - Present

effect of greenhouse gas

Pan-Africanism

1914 - Present

An ideology movement that encourages solidarity of Africans world-wide.

Colonial Independence

1914 - Present

India form British, the gold coast from the British, Algerian and Vietnam from French, Angola from the Portuguese

Diseases

1914 - Present

malaria, tuberculosis, cholera, ebola, HIV/AID, diabetes, heart disease, Alzheimer's disease,

Green revolution

1914 - Present

produced food the earths growing population- chemically and genetically enhanced forms of agriculture

Influenza

1918

killed many people and was one of the fist diseases that had a cure that was found (abby aasen had it)

League of Nations

1920 - 1946

intergovernmental organization as a result of the Pairs Peace Conference

Great Depression

1929 - 1945

a severe economic depression worldwide

World War II

1939 - 1945

allied powers fought against the axis powers. America was involved after Pearl Harbor

United Nations

1941 - Present

an international organization that promotes peace, security, and cooperation

Cold War

1947 - 1991

a constant nonviolent state of hostility between the Soviet Union and the United States

Five-Year Plans

1953 - Present

China's attempt at boosting their industry

Domino Theory

1954

The theory that once one nation falls to communism, others will follow.

Vietnam War

1955 - 1975

war because of communism; many Americans were against it

The Great Leap Forward

1958 - 1961

Mao Zedong's attempt at modernizing China that resulted in decreased population (the giant fall backwards...)

Technological Innovations

Irrigation systems

8000 BC - 600 BC

Places like Peru and China used terraces, also rivers were used as natural irrigation systems

Philosophy and Science

8000 BC - 600 BC

scientist were discovering new things about the earth and they created problems with the church

Weapons

8000 BC - 600 BC

Compound bows, iron weapons, chariots, horseback riding

Record Keeping

8000 BC - 600 BC

cuneiform, hieroglyphics, pictographs, alphabets, quipu

Qanat System

600 BC - 600 CE

Persian underground canals.

Grand Canal

486 BC - 610 AD

big project in China, most of the workers were poor men

Printing and gunpowder

600 - 1450

East Asia to Islamic empires and Western Europe

Hanseatic League

600 - 1450

commercial and defensive confederation of merchant guilds

Credit and Monetization

600 - 1450

Bills of exchange, credit, checks, banking houses

Chinampa Field System

600 - 1450

lake system within the Valley of Mexico

Maritime Technology

600 - 1450

Compass, astrolabe, larger ship designs

Luxury Goods

600 - 1450

Silk, cotton, porcelain, spices, precious metals and gems, slaves, exotic animals

Caravels

1450 - 1750

Portuguese Ships: fast with big hull

Cartography

1450 - 1750

study and practice of making maps

First Industrial Revolution

1712 - 1830

The introduction of mechanical power and economies based on manufacture rather than agriculture.

Second Industrial Revolution

1875 - 1905

a phase of the larger industrial revolution that developed new technologies, such as electricity, steel, railroads and chemicals

New scientific paradigms

1914 - Present

theory of relativity, quantum mechanics, big bang theory, psychology

Improved military technology

1914 - Present

tanks, airplanes, the atomic bomb, trench warfare, firebombing

Medical innovations

1914 - Present

Polio vaccine, antibiotics, artificial heart

Birth control

1960 - Present

women could control when they got pregnant and this created more opportunities for women

Religion and Philosophy

Hebrew Monotheism

8000 BC - 600 BC

Hebrews that thought there was only one God

Divine Rulers

8000 BC - 600 BC

rulers who were believed to be chosen by a greater force

Zoroastrianism

8000 BC - 600 BC

Their God is pure good, Iranian religion

Vedic Religion

8000 BC - 600 BC

ancient Hinduism in India

Judaism

600 BC - 600 CE

monotheistic, Torah

Daoism

600 BC - 600 CE

China; living in harmony

Confucianism

600 BC - 600 CE

ethical and philosophical system in China

Reincarnation

600 BC - 600 CE

the belief that you would be reborn into a better life

Hinduism

600 BC - 600 CE

oldest religion in India

Buddhism

600 BC - 600 CE

India

Shamanism

600 BC - 600 CE

a practice that involves a practitioner reaching altered states of consciousness in order to contact the spirit world

Islam

600 - 1450

monotheistic and Abrahamic religion articulated by the Qur'an

Christianity

600 CE - Present

Europe, monotheistic

Neoconfucianism

600 - 1450

in China-incorporated questions of ontology, natural philosophy, and cosmogony

Syncretic Religions

1450 - 1750

Vodun (Vodoo)-Caribbean, Cults of saints in Latin America (Guadeloupe), Sikhism-SE Asia

Empires and Dynasties

Xia

2100 BC - 1600 BC

the first dynasty in Chinese history, it used jade and bronze as well as a calendar system using both lunar and solar systems

Assyrian

2000 BC - 605 BC

advanced in architecture, engineering, agriculture, economics, civil service, mathematics, medicine, literature, military technology, law, astronomy and libraries/record keeping

Shang

1600 BC - 1050 BC

agriculture, fishing, and handcrafts were very important

Maya

1200 BC - 1400 CE

Developed complex systems of mathematics and astrology, along with advanced methods of architecture

Olmec

1200 BC - 200 CE

Mexico's first established culture which was a theocratic society that invented a calendar and the concept of zero

Zhou

1046 BC - 256 BC

first use of iron and handwriting

Roman

753 BC - 1461

developed advanced forms of language, religion, architecture, philosophy, law, and government in the lands it ruled over

Babylonian

627 BC - 539 BC

best known for the development and application of the code of Hammurabi

Persian

539 BC - 330 BC

the south asian empire established by Cyrus the Great in the 6th century bc that was overthrown by Alexander the Great

Qin

221 BC - 206 BC

the first imperial dynasty of china that achieved increased trade, improved agriculture, and military security

Han

206 BC - 220 CE

an age of economic prosperity, including the standardization of currency

Byzantine

476 - 1453

formed after the collapse of the roman empire in the west, and help preserve Roman and Greek culture and Christianity. also formed the basis for the Cyrillic alphabet

Sui

581 CE - 618 CE

reunited northern and southern China and included the construction of the Grand Canal

Tang

618 CE - 906 CE

involved much prosperity and stability

Caliphates

632 - 1517

an Islamic state led by a supreme religious as well as political leader known as a caliph

Toltec

950 CE - 1300 CE

Warriors who developed the art of melting metals such as silver and copper

Song

960 - 1279

the first government in world history to nationally issue banknotes, and the first Chinese government to establish a permanent standing navy; also saw the first known use of gunpowder and compass

Mongols

1206 - 1370

expanded very widely; allowed trade, technologies, commodities and ideologies to be exchanged across the continent

Yuan

1279 - 1368

the first foreign dynasty to rule all of China

Aztec

1345 - 1521

Used an elaborate system of taxing and borrowed many ideas from other Mexican cultures that came before them

Ottoman

1350 - 1918

one of the most powerful states in the world; at the center of interactions between the Eastern and Western worlds

Ming

1368 - 1644

completion of the great wall; not open to foreign influence

Qing

1644 - 1912

Last Chinese dynasty-unified the Manchu people and attempted many reforms in an attempt to surge forward in industry

Leaders

Hammurabi

1792 bc - 1750 bc

Babylonian emperor

Ashoka

268 BC - 232 BC

Mauryan Emperor

Emperor Constantine

306 ce - 337 ce

first Roman Emperor to convert to Christianity

Zheng He

1405 - 1433

Ming Admiral

Mohandas Gandhi

1893 - 1948

Hindu leader who led nonviolent protests in India, and was assassinated.

Valdimir Lenin

1917 - 1924

leader of Russian Communist party. Russian communist revolutionary politician and political theorist

Ho Chi Minh

1945 - 1969

Chairman of the central committee of the communist party of Vietnam.

Martin Luther King

1950 - 1968

activist for African American rights

Kwame Nkrumah

1951 - 1966

The third chairman for the Organization of African Unity who led revolts in Ghana.

Deng Xiaoping

1970 - 1997

Chinese communist leader and the most powerful figure in the People's Republic of China

Ronald Reagan

1981 - 1989

40th president, and contributed to the end of the Cold war

Mikhail Gorbachev

1985 - 1991

Soviet statesman, served as General Secretary