In 1493 Christopher Columbus played a part by bringing sugar seedlings to parts of the New World
1630 - 1639
Dutch West India Company was sent to secure areas of Brazil and they were successful in the 1630s and gained control of a large portion of Brazil and practically owned the sugar business at this point.
James Drax started the Sugar industry in Barbados. He was one of the leading pioneers of the sugar industry.
Andreas Sigismund Marggraf
1709 - 1782
German Chemist that discovered sucrose in beet root.
Franz Karl Achard
1753 - 1821
Built the first sugar beet processing mill.
Edward C. Howard
1774 - 1816
A chemical engineer that partook in the sugar industry, and brought many inventions to the table.
The Vacuum Pan was patented which was used to deal with the distillation of sugar. The Vacuum Pan was created by Edward C. Howard.
Fanjuls "Leave" Cuba
Fidel Castro's rule practically forced the Fanjul family to leave and move to Florida.
Florida Crystals Corporation founded
1960 - 1998
Even though the Fanjuls left their sugar industry behind in Cuba they were still able to create a Sugar empire in America. The family rule over Florida Crystals Corporation and Flo-Sun Incorporated.
Sugar Cane Growers Cooperative of Florida Founded
1960 - 1998
Sugar Cane Growers Cooperative of Florida was founded by George Wedgworth and later merged with Florida Crystal Corp to form the ASR group.
ASR Group Formed
1998 - 2013
The Fanjul's Florida Crystals Corporation and the Sugar Cane Growers Cooperative of Florida merged in order to form the ASR Group.
Sugar Spreads to India
After cultivation in New Guinea the commodity of sugar reached India.
Sugar in Persia
Sugar cultivation begins in Persia throughout the 6th century.
Sugar in Brazil
100s of plantations start to sprout in Brazil during the 16th century.
Sugar Act of 1937
1937 - 1948
The Sugar Act of 1937 is in response to the proposed Jones-Costigan Amendment that was overturned in the supreme court. The Act set Quotas for many countries outside the U.S and was a big part of protectionism that the U.S tried to enforce.
1948 - 1951
Cut out due to much controversy. This was a form of economic coercion that attempted to get Cuba to do what the U.S wanted.
Sugar Act of 1948
1948 - 1974
Describes how quotas would function with sugar and details countries such as Cuba.
Treaty of Tordesillas
Led to the establishment of a string of English, French, and Portuguese forts in Western Africa. Contributed to slowly developing the sugar industry.
Turks Take Syria
When the Turks took Syria in 1516, the Syrian sugar industry collapsed.
English, French and Dutch refining
The English, French, and the Dutch were all in the refining business.
As Sugar grew and the industry became big the molasses act was passed.
U.S V. Butler
1935 - 1936
Jones-Costigan Amendment ruled unconstitutional.
Marxist Cuban Revolution
1953 - 1959
Fidel Castro led a revolution and became in charge of the Cuban government. Relations between Cuba and America at this point began to sour. Led to Sugar Act amendment in 1960.
Florida's attempt to reduce runoff
Florida passed a law requiring sugar planters to reduce their phosphorus runoff by 25 percent.
“the holy grail” of restoration
2008 - 2010
Charlie Crist, governor of Florida, sought to buy out land from the in order to help preserve the everglades. If he was to do this 187,000 acres would be bought. In the end 26,790 were bought due to economic and financial problems.