Civil War Timeline: Allison Allen

Details of the Civil War

Missouri Compromise

1820

The Missouri Compromise was passed in 1820 between the pro-slavery and anti-slavery states in the United States Congress. It prohibited slavery north of the parallel 36°30′ north. To balance the number of "slave states" and "free states," Maine came in as a free state and Missouri as a slave state.

Compromise of 1850

1850
  1. California was admitted as a free state.
  2. The slave trade was abolished in the capital
  3. The Territory of New Mexico and the Territory of Utah were organized under the rule of popular sovereignty.
  4. A harsher Fugitive Slave Act was passed by the Senate
  5. Texas gave up much of the western land which it claimed and received compensation of $10,000,000 to pay off its national debt.

Uncle Tom's Cabin

1852

Uncle Tom's Cabin was written by Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1852. This book shed light on the cruelties of slavery and how it shouldn't exist. This small novel turned the hearts of the North and made them want to abolish slavery more than ever.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854

Created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, opening new lands for settlement. This repealed the Missouri Compromise by allowing settlers in those territories to determine whether they would allow slavery within each territory through Popular Sovereignty. There was a rush of citizens wanting to move into these territories so they could have more representation in the Legislature.

Bleeding Kansas

May 21, 1856

In October 1855, John Brown came to Kansas Territory to fight slavery. A few months later, on May 21, 1856, they entered the Free-State stronghold of Lawrence, where they burned the Free State Hotel, destroyed two newspaper offices and their printing presses, and ransacked homes and stores. All in all, approximately 56 people died in Bleeding Kansas by the time the violence completely ceased in 1859.

The Caning of Charles Sumner

May 22, 1856

On May 22, 1856, in the United States Congress, Representative Preston Brooks attacked Senator Charles Sumner with his walking cane in retaliation for a speech given by Sumner two days earlier. The beating drew an intense response from the American public in the context of the expansion of slavery in the United States. It has been considered a symbolic event and it eventually led to the American Civil War.

Dred Scott Case

March 1857

It made two main rulings. The first ruling was that African-Americans were not citizens, and therefore had no right to sue in federal court. The second ruling was that the federal government had no power to regulate slavery in any territory acquired after the creation of the United States. This ruling declared the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional.

John Brown's Raid on Harper's Ferry

October 16, 1859 - October 18, 1859

This was an attempt by John Brown to start an armed slave revolt. His plan was to seize a United States arsenal at Harper's Ferry, Virginia. Brown's raid, accompanied by 20 men, was defeated easily. John Brown was caught and was found guilty of treason.
Killed: 7
Wounded: 10

Election of 1860

1860

The election was held on Tuesday, November 6, 1860 and served as the immediate impetus for the outbreak of the American Civil War.The United States had been dividing basing questions surrounding the expansion of slavery. In the face of a divided opposition, the Republican Party, dominant in the North, secured enough electoral votes to put Abraham Lincoln in the White House without support from the South.

Fort Sumter

April 12, 1861 - April 14, 1861

First battle of the Civil War. Won by Confederacy. Loss at Fort Sumter caused a rally in the northern states to build forts also.

Emancipation Proclamation

January 1, 1863

It proclaimed all those enslaved in Confederate territory to be forever free. This was ignored by the South for they no longer were a part of that country. To ensure the abolishment of slavery in all of the U.S., Lincoln proposed the Thirteenth Amendment. Congress passed it by the necessary two-thirds vote in February 1865 and it was ratified by the states by December 1865.

Battle of Vicksberg

May 18, 1863 - July 4, 1863

This was the final major military action of the American Civil War. Grant wanted to overwhelm the Confederates before they could fully organize their defenses and ordered an immediate assault. The failed Federal assaults of May 19 damaged Union morale, deflating the confidence the soldiers felt after their string of victories across Mississippi. The Confederacy finally surrendered and got off easy on the conditions of surrender.
Casualties:
Union: 4,835 killed
Confederacy: 3,202 killed or wounded; 29,495 captured

Battle of Gettysburg

July 1, 1863 - July 3, 1863

This battle was fought July 1–3, 1863, in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. It was the battle with the largest number of casualties in the American Civil War and is often described as the war's turning point. The news of the Union victory electrified the North.
Causalities:
Union: 23,055
(3,155 killed, 14,531 wounded, 5,369 captured/missing)
Confederacy: 23,231
(4,708 killed, 12,693 wounded, 5,830 captured/missing)[

Gettysburg Address

November 19, 1863

The Gettysburg Address is a speech by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln, one of the best-known in American history. Lincoln reiterated the principles of human equality espoused by the Declaration of Independence and proclaimed the Civil War as a struggle for the preservation of the Union sundered by the secession crisis. Lincoln also redefined the Civil War as a struggle not just for the Union, but also for the principle of human equality.

Appomattox Court House

April 9, 1865

One of the last battles of the American Civil War. nion forces pursued and cut off the Confederate retreat. Lee's final stand was at Appomattox Court House, where he launched an attack to break through the Union force to his front.. When he realized that the cavalry was backed up by two corps of Union infantry, he had no choice but to surrender.