How Senegal became a French Speaking Country By:Kirsty

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The French Discover St-Louis

1659

When the French were out exploring they came across St-Louis. St-Louis is right by the Senegal River. They then used it as a popular post to buy and exchange slaves with other people around the world. ( French explorer Auguste Chouteau).

The French get Goree Island

1677

Then the French took over Goree Island which was owned by the Dutch. The Dutch had to give the Island up because the French Maritime Expansion was on at the time, so there was no way for the Dutch to fight back.

Seven Year War

1756 - 1763

When the Seven Year War was over the British ended up winning the whole country of Senegal. They named it Senegamiba. At that time Senegal and Gambia were joined as one country. The name Senegal comes from the begging of Senegambia (Seneg) and Gambia comes from the end (gambia).

St-Louis is now a city

1764

Eventually the St-Louis slave trading post became so popular, that the two French men Auguste Chouteau and Pierre Laclede, who ruled St-Louis, turned it into a city for people to live in. It was a popular city because of the trading post and its location which is near the Senegal River. ( French explorer Pierre Laclede)

American Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

After the American Revolutionary War, the French had won back its former colonies in Senegal from the British. The French then named what was Senegambia, Senegal again.

Napolionic Wars

1803 - 1815

During the Napolionic Wars the British had stolen back the places they took from the French in the first place. Which had changed the name once again, from Senegal to Senegambia.

The French sold St-Louis

1803

Eventually the French sold St-Louis to the American's and it became part of the Louisiana Purchase.

The British Give Back Senegal

1816

After the Nepolionic Wars the British decided to be friendly and give Senegal back to its founders: the French. Which then, the French changed the name back to Senegal, and abandoned Gambia.

French West Africa

1895

Right after the French gained control over all of Senegal, they joined French West Africa; Which is a group of 8 colonies that were ruled by the French.

French gets all of Senegal

1895

The French extended their power by taking over the rest of Senegal, so they had total controll now. Before they had most of Senegal, and the Spanish also had some too. But the French were able to steel it from them.

Senegal becomes part of the French Union

1946

Eventaully the French had decided that Senegal was going to become part of the French Union too. The French Union was a group created by the French, its former name was the French Empire.

Senegal leaves the French

1960

Eventually the French didn't want Senegal anymore. So the president of Senegal, Léopold Sédar Senghor and his people decided to keep all of their 'Frenchness' because they have been like this for so many years they were used to it. So they kept their name and their official language, French.