1942- Japan takes control of the Philippines: Gen. MacArthur together with his allies battled versus Japan to take control of the Philippines. But they (Filipino & Americans) lost and President Roosevelt told them to leave but MacArthur stated his famous line "I shall return".
1942- Battle of Midway: it marked as a turning point in the pacific war. Allies went from one island to another island and gained their territory back from Japan.
"Island hopping" : Its a strategy where the allies went form one island to another. And with each island they move closer to Japan.
1942- Guadalcanal: thousands of troops attacked Guadalcanal and it was called "Island of Death" because of the bad conditions of the place.
1944- Battle of Leyte Gulf: MacArthur came back to the Philippines and the Allied troops and ships and moved in on the Leyte islands in the Philippines. Although Japan used KAMIKAZE TACTICS where they crash their "bomb-laden" planes into allied ships.
1944- Battle for Iwo Jima: The island of Iwo Jima was heavily defended. Though allied won, both sides lost A LOT.
1945- Battle of Okinawa: US marines attacked the Okinawa island and Japan again used Kamikaze tactics and damaged hundred of ships. Thousands of marines died BUT more Japanese including 2 generals died.
Manhattan Project: a secret US government project to build atomic bombs.
1945- Decision to use the atomic bomb: US President Truman decided that they will use atomic bombs. US warned Japan but they didn't surrender so the US dropped the first bomb at Hiroshima but Japan still didn't surrender so US dropped another bomb at Nagasaki then Japan surrendered September 2, 1945.
1945- Nuremberg War trials: remaining Nazis were put into trial for the crimes they committed. Some got to go, a lot went to prison and only some were sentenced for death.
Occupation of Japan: Japan was under the command of Gen. MacArthur. He introduced free market practices and called for a NEW CONSTITUTION. MacArthur also made an improvement on Japan's poor economy.
Navajo code talkers: confounded the enemy by talking in a seemingly unbreakable code.
Gen. Douglas MacArthur: commanded allied force in the Pacific during WWII.
Admiral Nimitz: Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Ocean Areas giving him control of all Allied forces in the central Pacific. Commanding on the defensive.
J. robert Oppenheimer: become almost synonymous with the atomic bomb, and also with the dilemma facing scientists when the interests of the nation and their own conscience collide.
Japanese Emperor Hirohito: emperor of Japan. He insisted to end the war after the bombing.
Rudolph Hess: a member of Hitler's inner circle. He tried to negotiate peace with British but he ended up being imprisoned and captured.
Debate over the atomic bomb: There was a debate whether the US will drop the atomic bomb so Japan will surrender. US saw it as the only way to end the war was by bombing Japan's mainland but some said that Japan lost enough they will just simple surrender without the dropping of the atomic bomb.
1945- Yalta conference: Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin discussed postwar plans. They also talked about Germany being divided into 4 occupied zones. And the UNITED NATIONS would formed. This is an organization to keep peace among nations all over the world up until today.