History of Food Service


The First Cookbook in Modern Europe


Chef Taillevent is widely recognized as the first master chef.
The cookbook included recipes for soups, stews, and sauces.

Native American New Foods


Native Americans introduced these foods to Christopher Columbus, who brought them back to Europe. (Tomatoes, Chili Peppers, Potatoes, Avocados, Corn, Vanilla Beans, Cacao [first form of chocolate])

Caterina de Medici

1519 - 1589

Italian princess was wife of Henri II of France, she introduced: A refined style of dining, including use of for and napkin. Her florentine chefs greatly influenced French chefs particularly in use of spinach

The Twelve Ounce Pound


Master Chef Scappi published his Italian cookbook complete with illustrations and step-by-step descriptions and recipes. He classified knives & equipment, he standardized the measurement of ingredients.

Francois de La Varenne


Published the first cookbook to fully document French cooking and the influence of French cuisine. Interested in detail, balance, harmony of cooking & ingredients; used nuts, truffles, mushrooms. Used reduction to concentrate flavors.

First Cookbook Published in America


Eliza Smith authored "The Complete Housewife" (consisting of ENGLISH recipes) BUT it was published in America. Used by colonial housewives.

First Table d'Hote Menu in America


Thomas Pepper opened an English style tavern serving a table d'hote menu.

First Restaurant Opened In Paris Serving A La Carte


Boulanger opened first restaurant in Paris serving the general public. He used large posters to list the selection of soups he would be serving.

The Declaration of Independence


Thomas Jefferson wrote most of this document sitting in Philadelphia's Indian Queen Tavern

Marie Antonie Careme

1784 - 1833

Founding father of French classical cooking. Created "La Grande Haute Cuisine. Systematized French Cooking.

The French Revolution

1789 - 1799

May great chefs left France for America, they opened their own restaurants, serving the middle class.

America's First Gourmet


Thomas Jefferson: Experimented with 250 varieties of fruits, vegetables, and herbs. Made boring Colonial cooking more sophisticated. Made his own past, had much knowledge about wines and coffees. Some credit him with creating French Fries.

The Ice Box


Thomas Moore, a Mayland farmer, patented the first "ice" box.

The Steamboat


Robert Fulton designed & built the Claremont. It traveled the 150 miles from NYC to Albany in 32 hours. It allowed the transportation of fresh farm crops from the central plain states to NYC.

The Beginning of Food Processing Industry


Nicholas Appert invented canning in vaccum-packed, seeled glass containers.

America's Cooking Stove


E.Hoyt patented a wood cooking stove. Cooking stoves did not become common in households until after the Civil War.

Tin Cans


Thomas Kensett patented the tin can.


1826 - 1880

Railroads enabled farmers to transport fresher & better quality grains, produce, and meats to more people. Transportation of perishable goods faster.

Boston Restaurants

1826 - 1827

Still open today.

Graham Crackers


Reverend Sylvester Graham preached about eating healthier and developed the graham cracker.

NY City's First Fine Dining Restaurt


Opened by John & Peter Delmonico. (Delmonico's). The first to offer a wine menu, allow women to eat int he dining room alone, offer a hamburger on the menu, hire women, distinguish between waiter & busboy duties.



Kept food from spoiling & becoming unsafe to eat. Allowed Americans to eat healthier by reducing salt cured & canned foods. Didn't come into American homes until 1930 (electricity)

Chef of Kings. King of Chefs

1846 - 1935

Georges Auguste Escoffier became one of the greatest masters of French cuisine.

California Gold Rush


Influential in the Food Processing Industry. People needed food that wouldn't spoil during the long trip to California. Cooking became easier with the use of canned foods.

Modern Supermarkets


George Hartford & George Gilman opened up The Great Alatic and Pacific Tea Company in NYC.

The Civil War

1861 - 1865

Mass production of processed foods & new food service equipment to feed the soldiers.

Budweiser Beer


Bush founded Anheuser-Busch in Germany. He transformed beer brewing from a local industry to a national industry, was the first to pasteurize beer.

Swift Meat Company


Gustavus Franklin Swift was 14 years old when he bought a heifer, which he butchered & dressed.

1st Transcontinental Track Was Completed


The 1st Culinary Arts School


Mrs. Mary Lincoln opened the Boston Cooking School. Miss Fannie Farmer most famous graduate.

The Diner


Walter Scott served textile workers in Providence, RI from a horse drawn wagon, rather than from a hand basket.

Headquarters of Swift Meat Comapny


Moved to Chicago, which became the meat capital of the U.S

Taming the West


Fred Harvey opened 17 Harvey House restaurants, First to provide consistency of food, service & cleanliness. Gave rough-and-tumble cowboys, miners, cattlemen, trappers, lawmen & homesteaders good food in a civilized setting.

More Practical Chef Uniforms


Chef Ceribino Angelica's wife developed a double-breasted, cloth-knot button jacket with split cuffs

Cardboard Box


Produced in NYC, easier to pack & ship than wooden creates, more frequent fruit and vegetable shipments.

Working For Peanuts


Harry M. Stevens is the father of sports concessions. He introduced the baseball program & scorecard. He also sold the rights to sell soda, peanuts, popcorn, ice cream & hot dogs. He sold advertising space to a local peanut vendor who paid him in peanuts.



Chemist, Dr. John Pemberton had to rewrite the formula for his popular nerve tonic, stimulant, & headache remedy due to a prohibition law enacted in Atlanta.

Peanut Butter


Dr. Ambrose Straub wanted an easy-to-digest & healthy food for his elderly patients

Hot Dog Got Its Name


Used to be called a "frankfurter", T.A. Dorgan drew a cartoon of a frankfurter with a head, tail & legs, which looked like a dachshund. Frankfurter began to be called a "hot dog"

Post Cereals


Dr. Charles Post invented a coffee substitute called Postum & Grapenut Cereal. Post Cereals formed the basis for General Foods Corporation.

Kellogg's Corn Flakes


Dr. John Harvey Kellogg's theory was that people needed to chew a dry, brittle food to keep their teeth sharp.

Fannie Farmer Cook Book


She viewed cooking as both an art & a science. The Boston Cooking School Cookbook remained the most popular cookbook in US until 1931

Campbell Soups


Chemist John Dorrance's family cannery produced concentrated soups

Heniz Ketchup


Started by Henery Heinz in Sharsburg, PA

Kraft Cheese


J.H. Kraft, a Chicago grocery clerk wrapped uniformly sized wedges of cheese in tinfoil, sold cheese from door-to-door

Cafeteria Trays


William and Samuel Childs invented Cafeteria trays to be used in the early cafeterias in NYC

Dead of American "Gastronomy"

1902 - 1985

James Beard, was one of the 1st chefs to believe that America could have its own national cuisine.

World's Fair in St. Louis


Hamburgers, Ice Cream Cones, Ice Tea



One of the country's 1st pizzeras was G. Lombardi's which opened on Spring Street ("Little Italy") in NYC

The Pure Food and Drug Act


Dr. Harvey Wiley, Chief of Bureau of Chemistry for the USDA, believed that many additives & preservatives were dangerous. As a result of its efforts, Congress passed the Pure Food and Drug Act.

The Jungle


Upton Sinclair's book, The Jungle, exposed the unsanitary conditions of Chicago's meat packing plants.

First Bud Brewed in US


In-Store Resturants


F.W. Woolworth was the 1st to use put an in-store restaurant in his 5 &10-cent stores.

Julia Williams Childs

1912 - 2004

Through her countless cookbooks, magazine articles, and cooking shows on PBS, she made French cooking seem easy to millions. The Grande Dame of mass-media gastronomic education.

A&W Root Beer


Roy Allen & Frank Wright sold a drink of roots, herbs, bark & berries at their stand.

The Volstead Act

1920 - 1933

18th Amendment, Prohibition, banned the manufacturing, sales & transportation of intoxincting liquors nation wide

The Orange Roof Restaurants


Mr. Howard Johnson opened a single ice-cream shop.

Birdseye Foods


Dr Clarence Birdseye was the first to develop a quick-freezing method.

The Marriotts


Willard & Alice Marriott were the 1st married couple to establish a food service & hospitality empire.

The Stock Market Crash

1929 - 1941

Food shortages drove people to bread lines

Birdseye Foods & General Foods Corp.


The Postum Cereal Co. purchased Mr. Birdseye's company = General Foods

Mrs. Frances Roth & Mrs. Katherine Angell


Created a training program for returning veterans interested in careers in food preparation - The Culinary Institute of America.

Time to Make the Donuts


William Rosenberg, founder of Dunkin Donuts. Original name was "Open Kettle".

Potato Chips


Saratoga Chips were invented by George Crumb a Native American working at Moon's Lake in Saratoga Springs, NY

Butterball Turkeys were Introduced by Swift-Ecrich Co.


Mars Introduced M&M Chocolate Candies


Pizza Hut


Founded by Frank and Dan Carney

Craig Claiborne

1959 - 2000

Professional journalist for the NY Times, legitimized the profession of restaurant critic, educated Americans about fine food.

Domino's Pizza


Thomas Monoghan perfected the "art of pizza-making' and home delivery

T.G.I. Friday's


Founded by 27 year old Allan Stillman who was looking for a way to supplement his income and have some fun.



Opened by Dave Thomas in Columbus, OH named in honor of his daughter.



The first fabricated potato chip, created by Proctor & Gamble

The Hard Rock Cafe


Opened by Peter Morgan & Isaac Tigree. Who chipped in $5,000 each to open up the first Hard Rock Cafe in London

Mediterrianean Craze


Alice Water's opened "Chez Panisse". Focus on cuisine of Southern France. Use of wood-fired ovens for pizza grilling.

Mrs. Field's Cookies


Debbie Fields was only 21 when she founded her company in California

Soft Frozen Yogurt


First introduced at Bloomingdale's Dept store in NYC

Ben & Jerry's Ice Cream


Opened at a Burlington, Vermont gas station. Originally called Homemade Ice Cream & Crepes

Microwave Popcorn


Pop Secret Microwave Popcorn was introduced by General Mills