Chef Taillevent is widely recognized as the first master chef.
The cookbook included recipes for soups, stews, and sauces.
Native American New Foods
Native Americans introduced these foods to Christopher Columbus, who brought them back to Europe. (Tomatoes, Chili Peppers, Potatoes, Avocados, Corn, Vanilla Beans, Cacao [first form of chocolate])
Caterina de Medici
1519 - 1589
Italian princess was wife of Henri II of France, she introduced: A refined style of dining, including use of for and napkin. Her florentine chefs greatly influenced French chefs particularly in use of spinach
The Twelve Ounce Pound
Master Chef Scappi published his Italian cookbook complete with illustrations and step-by-step descriptions and recipes. He classified knives & equipment, he standardized the measurement of ingredients.
Francois de La Varenne
Published the first cookbook to fully document French cooking and the influence of French cuisine. Interested in detail, balance, harmony of cooking & ingredients; used nuts, truffles, mushrooms. Used reduction to concentrate flavors.
First Cookbook Published in America
Eliza Smith authored "The Complete Housewife" (consisting of ENGLISH recipes) BUT it was published in America. Used by colonial housewives.
First Table d'Hote Menu in America
Thomas Pepper opened an English style tavern serving a table d'hote menu.
First Restaurant Opened In Paris Serving A La Carte
Boulanger opened first restaurant in Paris serving the general public. He used large posters to list the selection of soups he would be serving.
The Declaration of Independence
Thomas Jefferson wrote most of this document sitting in Philadelphia's Indian Queen Tavern
Marie Antonie Careme
1784 - 1833
Founding father of French classical cooking. Created "La Grande Haute Cuisine. Systematized French Cooking.
The French Revolution
1789 - 1799
May great chefs left France for America, they opened their own restaurants, serving the middle class.
America's First Gourmet
Thomas Jefferson: Experimented with 250 varieties of fruits, vegetables, and herbs. Made boring Colonial cooking more sophisticated. Made his own past, had much knowledge about wines and coffees. Some credit him with creating French Fries.
The Ice Box
Thomas Moore, a Mayland farmer, patented the first "ice" box.
Robert Fulton designed & built the Claremont. It traveled the 150 miles from NYC to Albany in 32 hours. It allowed the transportation of fresh farm crops from the central plain states to NYC.
The Beginning of Food Processing Industry
Nicholas Appert invented canning in vaccum-packed, seeled glass containers.
America's Cooking Stove
E.Hoyt patented a wood cooking stove. Cooking stoves did not become common in households until after the Civil War.
Thomas Kensett patented the tin can.
1826 - 1827
Still open today.
1826 - 1880
Railroads enabled farmers to transport fresher & better quality grains, produce, and meats to more people. Transportation of perishable goods faster.
Reverend Sylvester Graham preached about eating healthier and developed the graham cracker.
NY City's First Fine Dining Restaurt
Opened by John & Peter Delmonico. (Delmonico's). The first to offer a wine menu, allow women to eat int he dining room alone, offer a hamburger on the menu, hire women, distinguish between waiter & busboy duties.
Kept food from spoiling & becoming unsafe to eat. Allowed Americans to eat healthier by reducing salt cured & canned foods. Didn't come into American homes until 1930 (electricity)
Chef of Kings. King of Chefs
1846 - 1935
Georges Auguste Escoffier became one of the greatest masters of French cuisine.
California Gold Rush
Influential in the Food Processing Industry. People needed food that wouldn't spoil during the long trip to California. Cooking became easier with the use of canned foods.
George Hartford & George Gilman opened up The Great Alatic and Pacific Tea Company in NYC.
The Civil War
1861 - 1865
Mass production of processed foods & new food service equipment to feed the soldiers.
Bush founded Anheuser-Busch in Germany. He transformed beer brewing from a local industry to a national industry, was the first to pasteurize beer.
Swift Meat Company
Gustavus Franklin Swift was 14 years old when he bought a heifer, which he butchered & dressed.
1st Transcontinental Track Was Completed
The 1st Culinary Arts School
Mrs. Mary Lincoln opened the Boston Cooking School. Miss Fannie Farmer most famous graduate.
Walter Scott served textile workers in Providence, RI from a horse drawn wagon, rather than from a hand basket.
Headquarters of Swift Meat Comapny
Moved to Chicago, which became the meat capital of the U.S
Taming the West
Fred Harvey opened 17 Harvey House restaurants, First to provide consistency of food, service & cleanliness. Gave rough-and-tumble cowboys, miners, cattlemen, trappers, lawmen & homesteaders good food in a civilized setting.
More Practical Chef Uniforms
Chef Ceribino Angelica's wife developed a double-breasted, cloth-knot button jacket with split cuffs
Produced in NYC, easier to pack & ship than wooden creates, more frequent fruit and vegetable shipments.
Working For Peanuts
Harry M. Stevens is the father of sports concessions. He introduced the baseball program & scorecard. He also sold the rights to sell soda, peanuts, popcorn, ice cream & hot dogs. He sold advertising space to a local peanut vendor who paid him in peanuts.
Chemist, Dr. John Pemberton had to rewrite the formula for his popular nerve tonic, stimulant, & headache remedy due to a prohibition law enacted in Atlanta.
Dr. Ambrose Straub wanted an easy-to-digest & healthy food for his elderly patients
Hot Dog Got Its Name
Used to be called a "frankfurter", T.A. Dorgan drew a cartoon of a frankfurter with a head, tail & legs, which looked like a dachshund. Frankfurter began to be called a "hot dog"
Kellogg's Corn Flakes
Dr. John Harvey Kellogg's theory was that people needed to chew a dry, brittle food to keep their teeth sharp.
Dr. Charles Post invented a coffee substitute called Postum & Grapenut Cereal. Post Cereals formed the basis for General Foods Corporation.
Fannie Farmer Cook Book
She viewed cooking as both an art & a science. The Boston Cooking School Cookbook remained the most popular cookbook in US until 1931
William and Samuel Childs invented Cafeteria trays to be used in the early cafeterias in NYC
Chemist John Dorrance's family cannery produced concentrated soups
Started by Henery Heinz in Sharsburg, PA
J.H. Kraft, a Chicago grocery clerk wrapped uniformly sized wedges of cheese in tinfoil, sold cheese from door-to-door
Dead of American "Gastronomy"
1902 - 1985
James Beard, was one of the 1st chefs to believe that America could have its own national cuisine.
World's Fair in St. Louis
Hamburgers, Ice Cream Cones, Ice Tea
One of the country's 1st pizzeras was G. Lombardi's which opened on Spring Street ("Little Italy") in NYC
Upton Sinclair's book, The Jungle, exposed the unsanitary conditions of Chicago's meat packing plants.
The Pure Food and Drug Act
Dr. Harvey Wiley, Chief of Bureau of Chemistry for the USDA, believed that many additives & preservatives were dangerous. As a result of its efforts, Congress passed the Pure Food and Drug Act.
First Bud Brewed in US
F.W. Woolworth was the 1st to use put an in-store restaurant in his 5 &10-cent stores.
Julia Williams Childs
1912 - 2004
Through her countless cookbooks, magazine articles, and cooking shows on PBS, she made French cooking seem easy to millions. The Grande Dame of mass-media gastronomic education.
A&W Root Beer
Roy Allen & Frank Wright sold a drink of roots, herbs, bark & berries at their stand.
The Volstead Act
1920 - 1933
18th Amendment, Prohibition, banned the manufacturing, sales & transportation of intoxincting liquors nation wide
Dr Clarence Birdseye was the first to develop a quick-freezing method.
The Orange Roof Restaurants
Mr. Howard Johnson opened a single ice-cream shop.
Willard & Alice Marriott were the 1st married couple to establish a food service & hospitality empire.
Birdseye Foods & General Foods Corp.
The Postum Cereal Co. purchased Mr. Birdseye's company = General Foods
The Stock Market Crash
1929 - 1941
Food shortages drove people to bread lines
Mrs. Frances Roth & Mrs. Katherine Angell
Created a training program for returning veterans interested in careers in food preparation - The Culinary Institute of America.
Time to Make the Donuts
William Rosenberg, founder of Dunkin Donuts. Original name was "Open Kettle".
Saratoga Chips were invented by George Crumb a Native American working at Moon's Lake in Saratoga Springs, NY
Butterball Turkeys were Introduced by Swift-Ecrich Co.
Mars Introduced M&M Chocolate Candies
Founded by Frank and Dan Carney
1959 - 2000
Professional journalist for the NY Times, legitimized the profession of restaurant critic, educated Americans about fine food.
Thomas Monoghan perfected the "art of pizza-making' and home delivery
Founded by 27 year old Allan Stillman who was looking for a way to supplement his income and have some fun.
The first fabricated potato chip, created by Proctor & Gamble
Opened by Dave Thomas in Columbus, OH named in honor of his daughter.
Alice Water's opened "Chez Panisse". Focus on cuisine of Southern France. Use of wood-fired ovens for pizza grilling.
The Hard Rock Cafe
Opened by Peter Morgan & Isaac Tigree. Who chipped in $5,000 each to open up the first Hard Rock Cafe in London
Mrs. Field's Cookies
Debbie Fields was only 21 when she founded her company in California
Soft Frozen Yogurt
First introduced at Bloomingdale's Dept store in NYC
Ben & Jerry's Ice Cream
Opened at a Burlington, Vermont gas station. Originally called Homemade Ice Cream & Crepes
Pop Secret Microwave Popcorn was introduced by General Mills