CORE CONTENT :Unit 2- Abyssinia

Major Events: Abyssinia vs. Italy

Wal-Wal Incident

December 1934

There was a dispute between Italian and Ethiopian soldiers at the Wal-Wal oasis (80 km inside Abyssinia).
Mussolini took this as his cue to invade.
He claimed that it was Italian territory and demanded an apology.
While his troops for preparing for invasion.

Haile Selassie

January 1935

Appeals to the League of Nations for assistance after Mussolini prepares for invasion following the Wal-Wal incident.

Stresa Pact

14 April 1935

Britain and France failed to take the situation seriously.
They wanted to keep good relations with Mussolini.

The Stresa Pact was signed by France, Britain, and Italy.
Protesting the rearmament in Germany
And commitment to stand united against Germany

Didn't have anything regarding the Abyssinian Crisis

Arms Embargo

July 1935

Britain imposes an arms embargo on both states.
Prohibits the trade of weapons and clears its warships from the seas surrounding Abyssinia.

Later Ethiopia pleas for the embargo to be lifted allowing British assistance in the situation.

Italo-Abyssinian War

October 1935 - May 1936

Italy invades Abyssinia

1) +October+: 100,000 troops enter Abyssinia. Adowa taken.
2) +November+: Afework, southern Abyssinian leader, killed
3) +December+: Use of mustard gas in the victory in Dolo.
4) +January+: Use of mustard gas in the battle of Tembien
5) +February+: Use of artillery to bring victory at Amba Aradam
6) +March+: Last major Abyssinian army defeated. Haile Selassie's personal army defeated; survivors attacked with gas and bombs
7) +April+: Tanks and armoured cars take control without opposition
8) +May+: Haile Selassie flees Abyssinia. Troops enter Addis Ababa. King of Italy named new Emperor of Abyssinia

Hoare-Laval Pact

December 1935

Instated by the League
Gives Mussolini 2/3 of Abyssinia
Mussolini declined the offer

League of Nations Visited

January 1936

Haile Selassie visits the League of Nations in Geneva, pleads for aid and notes Italian use of poison gas

Italy left the League

11 December 1937

Major Events: Other Countries

German Rearmament

March 1935

Hitler begins German rearmament
Hitler began increasing Germany’s military by huge percents

Stresa Front

14 April 1935

The Stresa Pact was signed by France, Britain, and Italy.
Protesting the rearmament in Germany
And commitment to stand united against Germany

Didn't have anything regarding the Abyssinian Crisis

Franco-Soviet Treaty of Mutual Assistance

May 1935

Between the Soviet Union and France
signed in order to reduce the German threat from central Europe

Rhineland

March 1936

Hitler re-occupies the Rhineland

Germany re-militarized the Rhineland region.
France refused to act without British support and so Hitler’s plan was unimposed.