Selective service recruitment: Millions of Americans volunteered for military service but that wasn’t enough so the Selective service system expanded draft so that there would be more soldiers that would meet the armed forces’ needs. Volunteers and draftees went to military bases for 8 weeks to have there basic training.
1940’s- Contributions from minority groups: Even though discrimination was still an issue, over 30,000 Mexican Americans joined the armed forces. African Americans also served but they were still segregated til they protested and finally saw combat. Asian Americans also joined the armed forces, and Native Americans enlisted in the armed services too (also women).
1942- Manhattan Project: it was a code name used for research wok that was across the country. It was a US government research project that made the first atomic bomb.
1942- Industrial contributions: Factories across the nation were completely changed to War Production. They built tanks, planes, boats and command cars. “From making mechanical pencils to bomb parts, from filling bottles with drinks to filling shells with explosives.”
1944- Labors contribution: Almost 18 Million worked in war industries. It increased compared from 1941. Almost half of the workers were women. Also more than 2 million workers were minorities. Just like women they also suffered discrimination at first.
War Bonds: these are debt securities that helped financed military operations during the war. It was seen as a way to reduce inflation and remove money from circulation.
Henry J. Kaiser: An American Industrialist known as father of shipbuilding. He established Kaiser shipyard which built Liberty Ship.
Albert Einstein: Einstein urged the study for Nuclear Fission for the military purposes. This led to the massive Manhattan project.
Government economic controls: Roosevelt created the Office of Price Administration.The OPA fought freezing prices of most goods. Congress also raised taxes and imposed taxes to people who didn’t pay before.
War Production board: They made sure that armed forces and war industries get the supplies they needed in order to win the war.