Arab nations launch an uncoordinated attack on Israel after it declares its independence. However, Israel managed to avoid being driven into the sea and even expands their territory over the original UN partition plan before an armistice was signed.
The State of Israel declares its independence after the British Mandate expires. The surrounding Arab nations invaded the new State of Israel, afterward, they prohibit trade with Israel
Egypt closes the Suez Canal and the Strait of Tiran to Israel. Israel invades Egypt and takes over Gaza and the Sinai Peninsula with the support of France and Britain.
UN Resolution 242 - calls for a return of the territory seized by Israel, recognition of Israel by the Arab states, a reaffirmation of the principle of free navigation, and for future peace and stability in the region.
Middle Eastern states placed an oil embargo on those nations they saw as favoring Israel in their policies. It ended in early 1974 and was detrimental to the economies of the nations it was placed upon.
On Yom Kippur, Egyptian and Syrian armies entered Israel. Within a week, Israel mobilized its reserve forces and drove the Arab armies back.
UN Resolutions 338 and 339 call for an end to the Yom Kippur War.