Arab nations launch an uncoordinated attack on Israel after it declares its independence. However, Israel managed to avoid being driven into the sea and even expands their territory over the original UN partition plan before an armistice was signed.
Israel declares independence
May 14, 1948
The State of Israel declares its independence after the British Mandate expires. The surrounding Arab nations invaded the new State of Israel, afterward, they prohibit trade with Israel
Israel invades Egypt
October 1956 - November 1956
Egypt closes the Suez Canal and the Strait of Tiran to Israel. Israel invades Egypt and takes over Gaza and the Sinai Peninsula with the support of France and Britain.
Kuwait gains its independence
Syria gains it independence
September 29, 1961
UN Resolution 242
UN Resolution 242 - calls for a return of the territory seized by Israel, recognition of Israel by the Arab states, a reaffirmation of the principle of free navigation, and for future peace and stability in the region.
The Six-Day War
June 5, 1967 - June 10, 1967
Libya gains its independence.
September 1, 1969
Qatar and the United Arab Emirates gain their independence.
Bahrain gains its independence.
August 14, 1971
1973 - 1974
Middle Eastern states placed an oil embargo on those nations they saw as favoring Israel in their policies. It ended in early 1974 and was detrimental to the economies of the nations it was placed upon.
Yom Kippur War
October 6, 1973 - October 15, 1973
On Yom Kippur, Egyptian and Syrian armies entered Israel. Within a week, Israel mobilized its reserve forces and drove the Arab armies back.
UN ends Yom Kippur War
October 22, 1973 - October 23, 1973
UN Resolutions 338 and 339 call for an end to the Yom Kippur War.