The Supreme Court decision of Plessy v. Ferguson began its long "Jim Crow" career of "separate-but-equal" in South Carolina which perpetuated segregation even for Native American Indian communities and the notion that Native American Indians were second class citizens.
the Supreme Court held the United States has the power to overrule Cherokee laws
the Supreme Court ruled that Lone Wolf, a Kiowa, could not obstruct the implementation of allotment on Kiowa land, regardless of Kiowa consent: the case established Congress' power to unilaterally break treaties. The Court declared the Indians to be "an ignorant and dependent race" that must be governed by the "Christian people" of the United States.
establishes national jurisdiction over antiquities.
1914 - 1918
In 1924 that the federal government officially classified American Indians as "citizens" and were given the right to vote in National elections. This was done after Native American Indian had already fought in three wars for the United States of America.
US Congress passed the Indian Reorganization Act. This new policy sought to protect American Indians from loss of their lands and provided funds for economic development. It also helped reestablish tribal governments.
permitted tribes to organize and write constitutions for self-government, and directed the government to consolidate and conserve Indian lands, and encouraged education and economic plans for Indians; the Johnson-O'Malley Act authorized contracts with states to administer educational, medical, and welfare programs on Indian reservations. In 1974, the Johnson-O'Malley Act was amended to encourage Indian direction of such programs.
1939 - 1945
1943 - 1944
There were nineteen elementary schools classified “Special Schools” serving these Indian communities. These were segregated American Indian Schools serving various Native American Indian communities throughout the state including: the Cross Roads School of Westminister, SC serving Cherokee community in upstate, The Sardis Indian School,The Summerville Indian School, The Varnertown Indian School, and the Catawba Indian School.