Battle of Britain Timeline

Before the Battle of Britain

Germany Advances through Europe

September, 1939 - May, 1940

Between September 1939 and May 1940, the Nazi's continued to take after countries across Europe. By the summer of 1940, Britain was the only country in Western Europe that had not fallen to the Nazi's.

Winston Churchill becomes Prime Minister

May 10, 1940

Friday 10 May, 1940 was one of the most dramatic days in British history. Churchill became Prime Minister and Germany ended the Phony war.

Churchill decides to fight on

May 13, 1940

In late May, Churchill disregards peace talks with Hitler, even though they made a very hasty retreat from France. Especially from Dunkirk. He ordered Britain to fight on.

Britain retreats from France

May 26, 1940 - June 4, 1940

The Allies retreat from the German advance through north-western Europe and fell back to the Channel prots of France where they were trapped. Operation Dynamo, the codename for their rescue operations, succeeded against all odds. Thousands of men were evacuated dramatically in the "Miracle of Dunkirk".

Battle of Britain

Germany bombs British towns and cities

July, 1940 - August, 1940

The Luftwaffe (German Air Force) targets British urban areas for two months.

Hitler Plans The Invasion of Britain

July, 1940

Once France was invaded (June 1940), Hitler turned toward Britain, the last country in Western Europe not under Nazi influence.

Germany bombs British coastal airfields

July 11, 1940 - August 18, 1940

The first phase of the Battle of Britain centered on the English Channel, specifically focusing on British convoys and ports.

Germany attacks RAF Fighter Command

August 24, 1940 - September 4, 1940

The Luftwaffe increased the attacks on RAF (Royal Air Force) infrastructure. These raids almost destroyed the British RAF.

Britain bombs Berlin

August 25, 1940 - August 28, 1940

On August 25th, 1940, in retaliation for the Nazi's attack on London, the RAF raided Berlin.

Germany Bombs London

September 7, 1940 - September 15, 1940

September 7th, 1940, the Luftwaffe starts bombing London and Britain's major cities. The British remained strong, however, and banned together for the remainder of the war.

Battle of Britain day

September 15, 1940

A landmark dogfight during the Battle of Britain took place in the skies over London on September 15th.

Hitler postpones the invasion of Britain

September 17, 1940

The RAF had remained strong against the Luftwaffe and maintained southern England. And as a result, Hitler delayed invading Britain (operation Sealion).

Events around the world

First transmission of FM radio with clear, static-free signal

January 3, 1940

Allied troops land in Norway

April 14, 1940

British troops land at Narvik, Norway

April 15, 1940