Civil Rights Timeline

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Missouri Compromise

January 3, 1820

The Missouri Compromise was passed in 1820 between the pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions in the United States Congress, involving primarily the regulation of slavery in the western territories.

Dred Scott Decision

March 6, 1857

Dred Scott v. Sandford, also known as the Dred Scott Decision, was a landmark decision by the U.S. Supreme Court.
It made two main rulings. The first ruling was that African-Americans were not citizens, and therefore had no standing to sue in federal court

Emancipation Proclamation

January 1, 1863

The Emancipation Proclamation was an order issued to all segments of the Executive branch of the United States by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, during the American Civil War.

13th amendment

April 8, 1864

The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution outlaws slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime. It was passed by the Senate on April 8, 1864, by the House on January 31, 1865, and adopted on December 6, 1865.

Plessy vs. Ferguson

May 18, 1896

Plessy v. Ferguson, is a landmark United States Supreme Court decision in the jurisprudence of the United States, upholding the constitutionality of state laws requiring racial segregation in public facilities under the doctrine of "separate but equal".

Jacob Reeb

January 1, 1927 - March 11, 1965

James Reeb was a white American Unitarian Universalist minister from Boston, Massachusetts, and a pastor and civil rights activist in Washington, D.C. While marching for civil rights in Selma, Alabama, in 1965, he was beaten severely by white segregationists and died of head injuries two days later in the hospital.

Colin Powell

April 5, 1937 - April 14, 2013

Colin Luther Powell is an American statesman and a retired four-star general in the United States Army. He was the 65th United States Secretary of State, serving under U.S. President George W. Bush from 2001 to 2005, the first African American to serve in that position.

Jesse Jackson runs for president, "Keep hope Alive"

October 8, 1941 - April 16, 2013 8:26 pm

Jesse Louis Jackson, Sr. is an American civil rights activist and Baptist minister. He was a candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1984 and 1988 and served as a shadow U.S. Senator for the District of Columbia from 1991 to 1997.

Jackie Robison Joins Brooklyn Dodgers

April 15, 1947

Jackie Robison was an American baseball player who became the first African American to play in MLB in the modern era. Robinson broke the baseball color line when the Brooklyn Dodgers started him at first base on April 15, 1947. As the first major league team to play a black man since the 1880s, the Dodgers ended racial segregation that had relegated black players to the Negro leagues for six decades. The example of Robinson's character and unquestionable talent challenged the traditional basis of segregation, which then marked many other aspects of American life, and contributed significantly to the Civil Rights Movement.

integration of the armed forces

6 April 1948

This Was when The armed forces decided to give up segregation And allow colored to fight alog side them equally.

Brown vs Topeka Board of Education

May 17, 1954

Brown v. Board of Education, was a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students unconstitutional

Little Rock Nine

May 24, 1955

The Little Rock Nine were a group of African American students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School in 1957. The ensuing Little Rock Crisis, in which the students were initially prevented from entering the racially segregated school by Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus, and then attended after the intervention of President Eisenhower.

Emmett Till

August 28, 1955

Emmett Till was murdered when Bryant's husband Roy and his half-brother J. W. Milam arrived at Till's great-uncle's house where they took Till, transported him to a barn, beat him and gouged out one of his eyes, before shooting him through the head and disposing of his body in the Tallahatchie River,

Rosa Parks refused to give up seat, Montgomery, AL

December 1, 1955

On December 1st, 1955 Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat in a bus so a white man cold sit there. She was arrested shortly after.

Montgomery Bus Boycott

December 1, 1955 - December 20, 1956

The Montgomery Bus Boycott, a seminal event in the U.S. civil rights movement, was a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama.

Greensboro, North Carolina sit-ins

February 1, 1960 4:30 pm

The Greensboro sit-ins were a series of nonviolent protests in 1960 which led to the Woolworth's department store chain reversing its policy of racial segregation in the Southern United States.

Vanessa Wiliams

March 18, 1963 - April 16, 2013 8:09 pm

Vanessa Lynn Williams, known professionally as Vanessa L. Williams or Vanessa Williams, is an American singer, actress, producer and former fashion model. In 1983, she became the first African-American woman crowned Miss America.

gov. Wallace stops desegregation of the University of Alabama

June 11, 1963

George Wallace, the Governor of Alabama, in a symbolic attempt to keep his inaugural promise of "segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever" and stop the desegregation of schools, stood at the door of the auditorium to try to block the entry of two black students, Vivian Malone Jones and James Hood.

March on Washington

August 28, 1963

The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom was one of the largest political rallies for human rights in United States history.

Birmingham bombing

September 15, 1963 10:22 am

The 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama was bombed on Sunday, September 15, 1963 as an act of racially motivated terrorism. The explosion at the African-American church, which killed four girls, marked a turning point in the U.S.

The Civil Right Act of 1964

July 2, 1964

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was a landmark piece of civil rights legislation in the United States that outlawed major forms of discrimination against racial, ethnic, national and religious minorities, and also women.

Assassination of Malcolm X

February 21, 1965

Malcolm X, born Malcolm Little and also known as El-Ha, was an African-American Muslim minister and human rights activist. To his admirers, he was a courageous advocate for the rights of blacks, a man who indicted white America in the harshest terms for its crimes against black Americans.

Viola Gregg Liuzzo

March 25, 1965

Viola was a white woman who had helped in the civil rights movement. She was killed on March 25, 1965.

Voting Rights Act

May 26, 1965

The Voting Rights Act of 1965 is a landmark piece of national legislation in the United States that outlawed discriminatory voting practices that had been responsible for the widespread disenfranchisement of African Americans in the U.S.

Voting Rights Act passed

August 6, 1965

This was the day that the Voting Rights Act was passed and put into action

The Assassination of MLK

April 4, 1968

Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee on April 4, 1968, at the age of 39. King was rushed to St. Joseph's Hospital, where he was pronounced dead at 7:05PM that evening.

Bloody Sunday

January 30, 1972

Bloody Sunday was an incident on 30 January 1972 in the Bogside area of Derry, Northern Ireland, in which 26 unarmed civil-rights protesters and bystanders were shot by soldiers of the British Army.

Civil Rights Restoration Act , Regan

January 1988

The Civil Rights Restoration Act was a U.S. legislative act which specified that recipients of federal funds must comply with civil rights laws in all areas, not just in the particular program or activity that received federal funding.