WWII Timeline (Dominique Lewis)

Main

Anschluss

1938

In 1918 both elite and popular opinion in Austria-Hungary favored union with Germany. However, the Treaty of Versailles and the Treaty of Saint-Germain strictly forbade it. On March 11,1938 after much pressure, and some may even say bullying, the chancellor of Austria-Hungary announced that he is resigning and allowing the annexation of Austria-Hungary to Nazi Germany to avoid "the shedding of fraternal blood."

Munich Conference

September 1938

Conference held in Munich, Germany in which Western European democracies gave Czechoslovakia to Germany with the promise that this would be Hitler's last territorial claim in Europe.(Hitler does not keep his promise.)

Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact is signed

August, 1939

Germany and the Soviet Union agree not to attack each other. Germany will later break this pact.

Invasion of Poland

September 1, 1939

After refusing Adolf Hitler's demands for return of the lands acquired by Poland from World War One, Germany invaded. Britain and France, having made commitments to Poland, declared war on Germany, officially starting World War Two.

Rescue at Dunkirk

May 1940 - June 1940

Allied forces rescued over 300,000 soldiers from Dunkirk, France After the country was forced to surrender to Axis powers.

Battle of Britain begins

August, 1940

Germany launches air attacks on British soil.

Peal Harbor

December 7, 1941

Japan attacked the American military base Pearl Harbor, causing the United States to officially enter World War Two.

Doolittle Raid on Japan

April, 1942

First air raids on Japanese homeland by American forces.

Bataan Death March

April, 1942

After American forces surrendered, Japan forced the remaining army to march 80 miles to Prisoner-of-War camps.

Battle of the Coral Sea

May, 1942

After the Japanese military invaded New Guinea and the Solomon Islands, it targeted Australia. This caused a battle that, for the first time, included only carrier=based aircraft. Japan loses this battle, ceasing the imperialistic spread further south.

Battle of Midway

June 3, 1942 - June 6, 1942

After Japan lost the Battle of Coral Sea they targeted Midway Island. They lose this battle, and it is a pivotal victory for the United States.

Stallingrad

July 1942 - February 1943

This is a successful victory by the Red Army against Adolf Hitler. It is known as the beginning of Hitler's demise because Germany never recovers from this battle.

Guadalcanal

August, 1942 - February, 1943

America fought several battles for this "lifeline" from the United States to Australia. America is victorious and only suffers one-thousand-seven-hundred loses, while Japan suffers twenty-thousand.

El Alamein

October, 1942

This is the turning point in land-air war for Allied forces against Germany. In October of 1942 a British General drove German forces back to Tunisia, more than a thousand miles from the start of the attack.

Tunisia

November, 1942 - May, 1943

This is a series of battles that took place in North Africa. Initially the Axis powers dominated the front, but Allied forces gain victory in the end.

Sicily

August, 1943

Allied forces gained control of this Italian island shortly after deposing of Mussolini.

Invasion of Normandy

June 6, 1944

Germany suffers one of the greatest human casualties and an Allied force was established during this battle.

Liberation of Paris

August, 1944

Battle that lead to the liberation of France from Nazi control, and exiled the Vichy government.

Battle of the Bulge (Bastogne)

December 1944

A surprise attack by Nazi Germany on Allied forces in the Ardennes forest of France. The battle cost America over 100,000 casualties, but Allie forces were victorious.

Iwo Jima

March, 1945

An island used as a Haven for damaged American bombers was captured by Japan, and resulted in over four-thousand American casualties.

Okinawa

March, 1945

This is an island that the United States needed for closer bases. The United States suffered fifty-thousand casualties, and Japan suffered even more, some of their casualties included kamikazes. The United States is victorious.

Hiroshima and Nagasaki

August 6, 1945 - August 9, 1945

An atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki on August 6, 1945; and a second was dropped on August 9, 1945. This leads to Japanese surrender.