World War II

German attacks/wars

Mussolini invades Ethiopia

May 6, 1936

Mussolini invades Ethiopia to boost Italian nationalism; is the first demonstration of League of Nations failures.

Stalin begins his purge of dissenters

June 11, 1937

Dissenters= Red Army generals
Stalin eliminates all of those who oppose his reign.

Kristallnacht begins

November 9, 1938

Kristallnacht=Night of the Broken Glass
Refers to the wave of anti-Jewish programs where Nazi's destroyed businesses, homes, and synagogues.

Czechoslovakia taken by Nazi's despite appreasements

March 15, 1939

Appeasement=giving in to an aggressive country to maintain peace
Despite appeasements by Britain and France, Hitler breaks the treaty and charges into Czechoslovakia.

Germany invades Poland

September 1, 1939

Russia and Germany invade Poland from 2 fronts, despite promises with the Czech to stop invasions.

Britain declares war on Germany

September 3, 1939

Following the invasion of Poland, Britain decides to stop Germany and declares war. However, they do not actually fight.

Nazi's invade Europe

May 10, 1940

The Nazi Party invades France, Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands for Hitler's lebenstraum policy.

Battle of Britain begins

July 10, 1940

In a complete air war between Britain's R.A.F. (Royal Air Force) and Germany's Luftwaffe, Britain defeats Germany, saving Europe from domination.

German air raid on Central London

August 23, 1940

Also called the London Blitz, Germany bombed London on a regular basis with firebombs, starting massive fires and killing thousands of civilians and destroying the city.

Germany attacks Soviet Union

June 22, 1941

Hitler breaks the nonaggression pact with Stalin and attacks and declares war on Russia. Hitler is defeated.

Germany declares war on the United States

December 11, 1941

The war begins to truly be a 2 sided war.

United States

Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected President of the United States (1st time)

November 8, 1932

32nd President of the US, Roosevelt carried 57% of the votes with his eloquent speaking and promise for an improved country.

United States proclaims neutrality

September 5, 1939

Roosevelt wants to get involved in the war, but the government overrules, wanting to stay isolated and not get involved.

United States and Britain declare war on Japan

December 8, 1941

As a response to the Pearl Harbor attack by Japanese kamikaze pilots.

Japan

Japan invades China

July 16, 1937

The Chinese were unable to stop Japan from attacking. Japan attacked to show power as well as gain resources.

Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor

December 7, 1941

The Japanese surprise attack the US at Pearl Harbor, which is what forces the United States to surrender their neutrality and declare war.

Japan invades Manchuria

August 8, 1945

The Japanese wanted to gain control over the whole province to show dominance.

Hitler

Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany

January 30, 1933

President Hindenburg names Hitler chancellor of the German nation, and fuhrer of the Nazi Party.

Hitler violates the Treaty of Versailles by ordering military conscription

March 16, 1935

Conscription=compulsory enlistment
Hitler drafts all men into the Vienna army to fight in WW2 battles.

Germany announces 'Anschluss' with Austria

March 12, 1938

Hitler wanted to annex (join) Austria with Germany to restore the large and powerful German nation.

Adolf Hitler becomes Fuhrer of Germany

August 19, 1939

Fuhrer= absolute leader (dictator)
After President Hindenburg's death, Hitler pronounces himself Fuhrer of Germany, destroying the Germany democratic system

Nazi's and Soviets sign nonaggression Pact

August 23, 1939

Hitler and Stalin decided to ally with each other and promise support and defense for the other countries.

Tripartite (Axis) Pact Signed

September 27, 1940

The Pact signed in Berlin between Germany, Italy, and Japan formed an official alliance between the axis powers.

Nazi's first experiment with gas chambers at Auschwitz

September 3, 1941

The Nazi's used carbon monoxide to kill off the Jews, which is the first start to Hitler's mass exterminations.