Causes of WWI

Germany

Kruger Telegram

1/1896

William II congratulating Kruger (President) on UK defeat

Schlieffen Plan Created

1905

Kaiser visits Tangier

3/1905

declared support for the sovereignty of the Sultan - challenges French influence in Morocco

Dispatch of Gunboat to Agadir

7/1911

supposed to be sent to protect German citizens in the port
actually to apply pressure on French

Britain

Jameson Raid

1895 - 1896

UK defeated by Transvaal troops

Wars/Crises

End of Franco-German War

1871

Russo-Japanese War

2/1904 - 9/1905

Russian defeat weakened them

Tangier Crisis

3/1905 - 5/1906

(First Moroccan Crisis)
Germany wanted Morocco to be independent
Morocco was under UK + French influence

Agadir Crisis

1911 - 1912

(Second Moroccan Crisis)
rebellion in Morocco

1st Balkan War

10/1912 - 5/1913

Balkans attacked Ottoman Empire
Both countries had support from opposing European powers - created tension

2nd Balkan War

6/1913 - 7/1913

Bulgaria attacked Serbia and Greece
Both countries had support from opposing European powers - created tension

July Crisis

6/28/1914 - 8/1914

Alliances

Dual Allicance

1879

A-H + Germany

Triple Alliance

1882

A-H, Germany + Italy

Dual Alliance

1891

France + Russia

Anglo-French Entente

1904

historians would say it is not a military pact

Entente Cordiale

1904

France + UK

Triple Entente

1907

UK, France + Russia

Anglo-Russian Entente

1907

UK + Russia

July Crisis Events

Franz Ferdinand Assassinated

6/28/1914

Austrian Archduke and his wife killed in Sarajevo by Serbian assassin

Blank Cheque

7/5/1914

Germany offers A-H a black cheque

A-H Ultimatum to Serbia

7/23/1914

unrealistic - denial excuse to attack Serbia

A-H declares War on Serbia

7/28/1914

Shells capital

Russia Mobilizes

7/29/1914

Germany warns against it

Germany Declares War on Russia

8/1/1914

Germany Declares War on France/Invades Belgium

8/3/1914

Britain orders Germany out of Belgium

Britain Declares War on Germany

8/4/1914

A-H Declares War on Russia

8/6/1914