LYNCH: Music History Timeline

Medieval Era

400-1450

Medieval Time Period

400 - 1450

Romanos the Methodist 490-560 ("Romanos the Melodist")

490 - 560

A Jewish Syrian Composer
Famous Work: "The Nativity of the Christ"
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William the Conqueror 1028-1087 ("William the Conqueror")

1050

King William known as William the Conqueror or William the Bastard, was the first Norman King of England.

Hildegard of Bingen 1098-1179 ("Hildegard of Bingen")

1098 - 1179

A German Composer
She is famous for "A Feather on the Breath of God"

Magister Leoninus 1135-1201 ("Léonin")

1135 - 1201

A French Composer
Famous Work: "Magnus liber organi"

Magna Carta signed 1215 ("Magna Carta")

1215

The document that represented freedom from oppression and later became a foundation for the English common law system.

Philippe de Vitry 1291-1361 ("Philippe de Vitry")

1291 - 1361

A Composer from France
Famous Work: Ars nova or "The New Art"
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The Black Plague 1347-1351 ("Plaugue, Plague Information")

1347

The Black Plague swept through all of Europe, killing 25 million people.

Guillaume Du Fay 1397-1474 ("Guillaume Du Fay")

1397 - 1474

A Belgium Composer
Famous Work: L'homme arme'

Joan of Arc 1412-1431 (Cohen)

1412

Joan of Arc led French troops to victory after declaring to the King that God had told her to lead them.

Renaissance Era

1450-1600

Invention of the Printing Press 1450 ("PrintingPress")

1450

Johann Gutenberg incorporated moveable type and the printing press was invented. This invention made it possible to reproduce written word faster then ever before.
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The Renaissance Era 1450-1600

1450 - 1600

Josquin Desprez 1455-1521 ("Josquin Desperez")

1455 - 1521

A Composer from France
Famous Work: Vive le roy

Clement Janequin 1485-1558 ("Clement Janequin")

1485 - 1558

A French Composer
Famous Work: Chantons, sonnons,trompettes

Martin Luther 1483-1546 ("Martin Luther")

1500

Martin Luther was part of a revolution to put the Bible into the hands of the common man and end Church corruption.

Michaelangelo Paints the Sistine Chapel (Esaak)

1508

From 1508 thru 1512 Michelangelo works to paint the famous Sistine Chapel Ceiling.

Giovanni da Palestrina 1525-1594 ("Giovanni da Palestrina")

1525 - 1594

Italy Composer
Famous Works: Lamentations and madrigals
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William Byrd 1540-1623 ("William Byrd")

1540 - 1623

A composer from England
Famous Work: "The Hunt's Up"

Giulio Caccini 1551-1618 ("Giulio Caccini")

1551 - 1618

An Italian Composer
Famous Work: Amarilli, mia bella

William Shakespeare 1564-1616 ("William Shakespeare")

1575

Poet and Author that impacted the culture during the Renaissance.

Baroque Era

1600-1750

Galileo Galilei 1564-1642 (Bellie)

1575

Physicist, astronomer and philosopher

Francesca Caccini 1587-1641 ("Francesca Caccini")

1587 - 1641

Italian Composer
Famous Opera: La liberazione di Ruggiero d all'isola d' Alcina

Baroque Era 1600-1750

1600 - 1750

North America Jamestown Settled ("Jamestown Was established")

1607

"On May 14, 1607, a group of roughly 100 members of a joint venture called the Virginia Company founded the first permanent English settlement in North America on the banks of the James River." (history.com)

Henry Purcell ("Henry Purcell")

1659 - 1695

A Composer from England
Famous Work: Come, ye sons of art, away

Sir Isaac Newton 1642-1727 ("Isaac Newton")

1675

Sir Isaac Newton, scientist and mathematician

George Frideric Handel 1685-1759 (Kandell)

1685 - 1759

German Composer
Famous Work: The Messiah

Johann Sebastian Bach 1685-1750 ("Johann Sebastian Bach")

1685 - 1750

German Composer
Famous Work: Brandenberg Concertos
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Salem Witch Trials (Jess)

1692

"The infamous Salem witch trials began during the spring of 1692, after a group of young girls in Salem Village, Massachusetts, claimed to be possessed by the devil and accused several local women of witchcraft." (history.com)

Johann Hasse 1699-1783 ( "Johann Hasse")

1699 - 1783

German Composer
Famous Work: II Sesostrate

Classical Era

1750-1820

Franz Joseph Haydn ("Franz Haydn")

1732 - 1809

1732-1809
An Austrian Composer
Famous Work: Orlando paladino
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George Washington ("George Washington")

1732

General George Washington led the march for independence and became America's first President.
1732-1799

Classical Era

1750 - 1820

Mozart ("Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart")

1756 - 1791

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 1756-1791
An Austrian Composer
Famous Work: The Marriage of Figaro

Industrial Revolution Begins 1750-1820 (Industrial Revolution")

1765

The industrial revolution began when manufacturers started relying on steam powered by coal over more manual labor and animals.

Napoleon Bonaparte ("Napoleon Bonaparte")

1769

1769-1821
French military leader Napoleon Bonaparte is defeated at the battle of Waterloo by Wellington's troops.

Ludwig Van Beethoven ("Ludwig Van Beethoven")

1770 - 1827

1770-1827
German Composer
Famous Work: Fidelio

Declaration of Independence signed 1776 (“Declaration of Independence”)

1776

The American Declaration of Independence is signed making an official departure from English Rule.
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von Weber (Carl von Weber)

1786 - 1826

Carl Maria von Weber 1786-1826
German Composer
Famous Work: Die Freischutz

Schubert ("Franz Peter Schubert")

1797 - 1828

Franz Peter Schubert 1797-1828
An Austrian Composer
Famous Work: Fantasie in G

Romantic Era

1810-1900

Hector Berlioz 1803-1869 ("Hector Berlioz")

1803 - 1869

A French Composer
Famous Work: Symphonie Fantastique

Abraham Lincoln ("Abraham Lincoln")

1809

1809-1865
Abraham Lincoln, the President of the United States noted for signing the Emancipation Proclamation that freed slaves. He was assassinated in 1865.

Romantic Era

1810 - 1900

Chopin ("Frederic Chopin")

1810 - 1849

Frederic Chopin 1810-1849
Polish Composer
Famous Work: Funeral March

Franz Liszt ("Franz Liszt")

1811 - 1886

Composer from Hungary
Famous Work: Grandes etudes de Paganini

New York Grant Blacks Right to Vote ("Race Based Legislation")

1821

Freed black men gain the right to vote in the State of New York

Johannes Brahms ("Johannes Brahms")

1833 - 1897

1833-1897
German Composer
Famous Work: German Requiem

Harriet Tubman ("Harriet Tubman")

1850

1820-1913
Harriet Tubman freed many slaves through a network known as the "Underground Railroad" prior to emancipation.

Giacomo Puccini ("Giacomo Puccini")

1858 - 1924

Italian Composer
Famous Work: La Boheme

American Civil War (“The Civil War begins")

1861

1861-1865
The American Civil War Wages in a divided nation. Over 600,000 men died during that war.

Modern Era

1900-2000

Claude Debussy ("Claude Debussy")

1862 - 1918

1862-1918
French Composer
Famous Work: Fantaisie

Charles Ives ("Charles Ives")

1874 - 1954

1874-1954
American Composer
Famous Work: Central Park in the Dark

Bela Bartok ("Bela Bartok")

1881 - 1945

1881-1945
Hungarian Composer
Famous Work: Two Portraits

Igor Stravinsky 1882-1971 ("Igor Stravinsky")

1882 - 1971

Russian Composer
Famous Work: The Nightingale"

Adolf Hitler 1889-1945 ("Adolf Hitler")

1889

1889-1945
Adolf Hitler was the leader of the Third Reich in Germany, slaughtering thousands of innocents.

George Gershwin ("George Gershwin")

1898 - 1937

1898-1937
American Composer
Famous Work: Rhapsody in Blue

Modern Era

1900 - 2000

World War I ("World War I")

1914

1914-1918
"It involved all the world's great powers,[5] which were assembled in two opposing alliances: the Allies (based on the Triple Entente of the United Kingdom, France and Russia) and the Central Powers (originally the Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy; but, as Austria–Hungary had taken the offensive against the agreement, Italy did not enter into the war)" (wikipedia.com)

Martin Luther King Jr. ("Martin Luther King Jr.")

1929

1929-1968
He was the Civil Rights Movement leader that started a change in the USA for the rights of minorities. He was assassinated in 1968.

World War II ("World War II")

1939

1939-1945
"...the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. It involved the vast majority of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis." (wikipedia.com)