Canals were used by the Sumerians to improve their agriculture. It also helped them stop flooding and allow their other jobs due to surplus food. Although they did not invent it they used it well
6000 B.C.E - 3000 B.C.E
Cuneiform was invented by the Sumerians. This was the first alphabet with letters instead of symbols. It evolved into what we have today.
number systsm based on twelve
6000 B.C.E - 2013 C.E
They invented a number system based on twelve and sixty. It allowed then to do multiplication and division along with inventing time. We still use this today.
Menes and Unfication of Egypt
3100 B.C.E - 3000 B.C.E
Menes was the first pharaoh in Egypt and rose to power in 3100 B.C.E. He wanted to finish a previous king's work and unite Upper and Lower Egypt. He invaded and took control of lower Egypt and married a princess of lower Egypt later to further his power. He wore both red and white crowns to symbolize the two Egypt's colors and later had them combined into a double crown.
Mt. Vesuvius is an active volcano in southern Italy. When a town was founded at its base, the people thought it was a mountain. And the day Vesuvius started to quake, people ignored the signs. Nobody was ready when the volcano spewed forth fire and ash. Many fled, however some thought they could wait it out. Unfortunately, they both were kill, buried under feet of ash and lava, preserved naturally. After three days Vesuvius went back to sleep, as Pompeii and Herculeam were now more.
63 BCE - 14 CE
Octavian was Julius' adoptive son. He, along with Marc Anthony, led an army to avenge his father's death. They defeated the murders and the rest committed suicide. Octavian went back to Rome while Marc Anthony went to fight Rome's enemies in the east. He married Octavian's sister, Octavia, but then divorced her to marry Cleopatra. This caused a civil war in which Octavian defeated Anthony and caused him and his wife to kill themselves. Octavian then became the sole leader, claiming power until stepping down in front of the senate, where they gave him his second name Augustus the revered one.