Communism & the Cold War

Katie Edson, P1

Main

Cuban Independence

1902

Cuba gained independence from Spain after the Spanish-American War

Collapse of Qing Empire

1912

The Qing Empire/Dynasty of China collapsed in 1912

World War I

1914 - 1918

World War I (WWI) was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918

Collapse of Russia Empire

1917

The Russian Empire collapsed during the February Revolution of 1917

Vladimir Lenin

1922 - 1924

Lenin was a Russian communist who ruled the Soviet Union from 1922 until his death in 1924

Five Year Plans (1)

1929 - 1933

The first set of economic plans created by the Soviet Union, finished one year early.

World War II

1939 - 1945

A global war involving the vast majority of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis.

Mao Zedong

1943 - 1969

Chinese communist, revolutionary, political theorist, and founder of the People's Republic of China.

NATO

1949

North Atlantic Treaty Organization--constitutes a system of collective defence whereby its member states agree to mutual defense in response to an attack by any external party.

Vietnamese Independence

1954

Vietnam gained independence from France and was divided into North and South Vietnam

US war in Vietnam

1955 - 1975

Fought between North Vietnam, supported by its communist allies, and the government of South Vietnam, supported by the United States and other anti-communist countries.

Warsaw Pact

1955 - 1991

A mutual defense treaty between eight communist states of Central and Eastern Europe in existence during the Cold War--Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Soviet Union, and Albania.

Great Leap Forward

1958 - 1961

An economic and social campaign of the Communist Party of China (CPC), led by Mao Zedong, reflected in planning decisions, which aimed to use China's vast population to rapidly transform the country from an agrarian economy into a modern communist society through the process of rapid industrialization and collectivization.

Cuban Missile Crisis

1962

The Soviet Union sent missiles to Cuba in order to protect them in case of attack by the US. The US discovered these missiles, but rather than fight, they made an agreement to not invade Cuba if the Soviet Union removed the missiles.

Thich Quang Duc self-immolation

1963

Vietnamese monks lit themselves on fire in protest of the government

1968 Uprisings

1968

A worldwide escalation of social conflicts, predominantly characterized by popular rebellions against military, capitalist, and bureaucratic elites, who retorted with an escalation of political repression.

Dissolution of the Soviet Union

1991

The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was formally dissolved on 26 December 1991 by declaration № 142-H of the Soviet of the Republics of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union. This declaration acknowledged the independence of the twelve republics of the Soviet Union that subsequently created the Commonwealth of Independent States.

Five Year Plan (2)

1991 - 1995

The second of the Soviet Union's Five Year Plans, originally supposed to end in 1995 but was not finished due to the Dissolution of the Soviet Union.