Henri Bacquel discovered that radiation given off from Radium and Uranium caused photographic plates to darken
Samuel Prescott had discovered that radiation from Radium destroyed bacteria commonly found in canned goods
Ernest Rutherford theorizes that elements can spontaneously be converted to other elements through radiation
"Special Relativity" became a topic commonly associated with nuclear science and was used as a base for many experiments in the future
George de Hevesy found that radiation could be used as a tracer due to the light it gives off under certain devices. He used these to study chemical processes
By firing alpha particles from Radium into Nitrogen, Rutherford converted Nitrogen into Oxygen through nuclear reaction
The neutron is important in nuclear reactions as it bonds to protons in nuclear reactions causing heavier elements able to be produced
Splitting of Lithium nuclei produced Helium nuclei. The experiment was verification to previous experiments done in transmuting elements.
A Radionuclide is an atom with an unstable nucleus. All of the heaviest elements exist only in the form of man-made Radionuclides
The neutron was discovered to be much more useful in creating Radionuclides as it made a much larger range of them
Nuclear Fission, the splitting of atoms into lighter elements, was discovered and researched by Lise Meitner, Otto Frisch, Niels Bohr, Otto Hahn and Fritz Stassman.
The explosion was caused by Fission, validating previous research
A massive nuclear weapons project
Albert Einstein wrote to US President Franklin Roosevelt to warn him about the Nazi efforts to create nuclear weapons from purified Uranium.
The immense damage caused by the two bombs sparked the surrender of the Japanese in WWII and began a new era of fear in weapon development after over 200,000 people die
US President Harry Truman allows Nuclear Power to be used by the public
The U.S. Army's Oak Ridge facility in Tennessee ships the first nuclear-reactor-produced radioisotopes for peacetime civilian use to Brainard Cancer Hospital in St. Louis
A huge nuclear arms race between the USSR and US
The University of Chicago and the Westinghouse Corporation’s Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory in Pittsburgh plan to allow consumer use in the form of electricity
Experimental Breeder Reactor 1 in the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory produces the first usable amount of electricity
US President Dwight Eisenhower proposed the Atoms for Peace program planning to make nuclear energy peaceful
An amendment to the Atomic Energy Act of 1946 allowing private companies to oversee their own plants
Nuclear reactor in Idaho
International Atomic Energy Agency is formed to promote the idea of peaceful nuclear power
Large scale power outs in the Northeast US cause Nuclear Reactors to start providing large amounts of power, causing them to be recognized as a great alternative
In Chernobyl, Ukraine, a massive nuclear meltdown caused massive fires spreading radioactive waste through the air. Over 750,000 people were poisoned while 30 operators were killed on site.
Today, nuclear mechanics are everywhere. Lights, signals and even the sun are all forms of radiation in frequency. X-Ray machines, nuclear medicines and radiation therapies are all huge parts of the medical field. Chemotherapy is treatment for cancer patients via nuclear radiation. Moisture, thickness and volume are all factors manufacturers taken into mind when manufacturing; radioactive materials help measure it. Many lights today in public and military use involve radioactive materials such as neon or tritium. Radon is a common paint ingredient. Nuclear radiation is used in agriculture to increase the lifespan of plants and kill invading insects. Archeologists use carbon dating to estimate what age a certain item is by identifying the amount of decay that a certain material has radiated. Even common household appliances such as smoke detectors use nuclear mechanics in them. Nuclear weapons are still produced and materials derived from radioactive materials are used for vehicles and gear for the military. Over a thousand nuclear power plants are active around the world.