The French Revolution


Seven Years War

1754 - 1763

This war was fought between the British and the French for lands in North America and France lost and they were almost completely out of money King Louis the 16 gets stuck with this debt when his father King Louis the 15 dies

American Revolution

1775 - 1783

King Louis XVI sent money and troops to help the Americans fight the British to get revenge for the defeat of France during the Seven Years War. But by backing the Americans he put greater financial burden on the French Economy that it really could not take.

Storming of the Bastille

July 14 1789 - July 15 1789

The people of Paris rose up and stormed the Bastille a medieval fortress and prison and were the gunpowder and weapons were stored. After they stormed the Bastille they cut off the heads of the guards and but there heads of pikes some believe this is when the true French Revolution starts

The Great Fear

July 19 1789 - August 3 1789

As grain ran low peasants in rural France rose up these revolts become known as The Great Fear.

Abolition of feudalism

August 3 1789 - August 4 1789

On August 4 1789 the French Government abolished Feudalism this was done to make the people of France more equal and to take power from the Second Estate (nobility)

The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizens

August 26 1789 - August 27 1789

The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizens was a document that outlined the fundamental rights that all men had and was designed to create equality

October Days

October 5 1789 - October 6 1789

Women's March on Versailles The March on Versailles October Days. On October 5 1789 the women of the markits of France marched on the palace of Versailles to protest the high price of bread. However by the end of October 6 1789 they had stormed the palace with other people killed the royal guards and than brought the king to Paris

Abolition of titles of the nobility

June 18 1790 - June 19 1790

One June 19 1790 the French abolished the titles of the nobility to make all men equal because one of the goal of the French Revolution was Equality

Civil Constitution of the Clergy

July 11 1790 - July 12 1790

On July 12 1790 The French Goverment made the Roman Catholic Church in France had to answer to the government and they were also payed by the government. This was done to weaken the Church and to make it so the church could not go against the government

Royal Flight to Varennes

June 20 1791 - June 21 1791

On the night on June 20 1791 King Louis XVI fled Paris with his family to get to the border of Austria and to get there help so he could take back his country and that he also feared for his life if he stayed in France but there escape ended on June 21 1791 in the town of Varennes were they were stopped and they were recognized and were brought back to Paris and because they tried to flee they were now seen as traitors

La Marseillaise

1792 - 1795

La Marseillaise was composed in 1792 and in 1795 it becomes the national Anthem of France. In English it is called War Song for the Army of the Rhine

War of the First Coalition

April 20 1792 - October 18 1797

On April 20 1792 France declared was on Austria than Austri. ally Prussia joined there goal was to invade France and put King Louis XVI back on his throne and end the Revolution before it spreads

War with Austria

April 20 1792 - October 1797

The French feared that the Austrians would invade and but King Louis XVI back on his throne and also they would invade because Louis XVI was married to Marie Antoinette an Archduchess of Austria and on April 20 1792 they declare war on Austria this war would become known as the War of the First Coalition

Jacobins take Louis XVI into custody

August 10 1792 - August 13 1792

On August 10 1792 the Jacobins take King Louis XVI into custody and becomes there prisoner.

September Massacres

September 2 1792 - September 7 1792

On September 2 1792 as the army's of the First Coalition closed in on Paris fear took over and the people of Paris stormed the prisons and killed the prisoners inside this also created a bad outlook on the Revolution all over Europe

Aboliton of the monarchy

September 20 1792 - September 21, 1792

On September 21 1792 the French Government abolished the Monarchy because they believed it to be wrong and corrupt so they removed it

Execution of King Louis XVI

January 20 1793 - January 21 1793

On January 21 1793 King Louis XVI was executed for the crime of treason he was killed by the guillotine with his death the French Republic was born

The Terror

September 5 1793 - July 28 1794

On September 5 1793 a period of time called The Terror started its job was to get ride of the enemy's of the Revolution and to get ride of spies and so on. The Terror ended not long after the Execution of Maximilien Robespierre

Execution of Robespierre

July 27 1794 - July 28 1794

On July 28 1794 Maximilien de Robespierre The Mastermind of the Terror was executed and not long after he was killed the Terror ended

The Directory

November 2 1795 - November 10 1799

The Directory were a group of 5 men who held executive power and ran France this ended when Napoleon Bonaparte overthrew the Directory

Estates General Meeting

Cahiers de Doléances

March 1789 - April 1789

Cahiers de Doléances were the lists of grievances drawn up by each of the three Estates in France. The First Estate (Clergy) the Second Estate (Nobility) and the Third Estate (every one else). For the most part the First and Second Estates did not have a lot of problems with how things were but the Third Estate had a lot and they were more or less ignored something that would have great consequences latter on

Estates General Meeting

May 5 1789 - July 9 1789

King Louis XVI needed to raise more money to fix the debt he had made when he backed the American Revolution but to do this he needed to call the Estates General Meeting something that had not happened since 1614. But things did not go well because the Third Estate or the people who are not of the Clergy or the Nobility. They wanted more say in government.

Tennis Court Oath

June 17 1789 - June 20 1789

The members of the Third Estate or anyone who is not a member of the Clergy or the Nobility. They started to want more power and on June 17 1789 they called themselves the true voice of the people of France. But of June 20 1789 when they went back to the meeting hall they found the door was locked and guarded. They than went to a tennis court and took the oath "not to separate, and to reassemble wherever circumstances require, until the constitution of the kingdom is established"