Spain from the 1980s


End of Franco dictatorship


November 20, 1975- Franco dies

Failed Tejero Coup


February 23, 1981 failed Tejero coup

PSOE in power

1982 - 1996

At first PSOE had to deal with economic crisis and getting Spain back into European community. Modernisation of Spain economically, industrially, and socially.
ECONOMIC: transition from a corporate capitalist dictatorship to a market economy.
basic social
SOCIAL: services such as health, education, pensions and social benefits were made universal. Also the outreach of Spain to other countries, like the entry into the EEC.
1993 narrow victory- in a climate of political and press tension
1996 lost to PP

General Strike


December 14, 1988
Disagreements on economic policy with the UGT led to a general strike that was followed massively, but the PSOE ignored it

Reformation of the PP

1989 - 1991

Name changed from Alianza Popular to Partido Popular
José María Aznar became head of PP
Aim to put PP in the center of the political spectrum

Maasricht Treaty


Creation of the EU:
1) strengthen the democratic legitimacy of the institutions
2) improve the effectiveness of the institutions;
3) establish economic and monetary union;
4) develop the Community social dimension;
5) establish a common foreign and security policy. (info from


1992 - 1993

Bad for PSOE- deepened the break with their grass roots, the outbreak of corruption scandals and lawsuits related to GA

PP in power

1996 - 2004

Aznar won the election in 1996 due to:
The deterioration of the social support of the PSOE, the withdrawal of parliamentary support by the Catalan party
the media harassment, and the journey to the center of the PP
Spain sees economic growth between 1996-2000 and and end to political tentions around 2000
Anti-terrorist campaign. Aznar launched an
entire political strategy to introduce an increasingly Spanish nationalist discourse, with roots in the old Spanish nationalism. This was relevant because the ETA was at large

Education Reform


General Strike


June 20, 2002

strike against the Employment Decree marked a turning point. Social dialogue with trade unions was damaged
Government didn't ask the people, need more dialogue between government and people
first major political defeat of PP, turning point in the beginning of the recovery of PSOE

Intro of the Euro


Introduction of the Euro

Prestige Crisis


November 2002- Oil spill in Galicia
denying the evidence of the existence of the oil spill, caused a broad social movement against the Government in Galicia
This event is chained to the Iraq crisis where Spain engaged in an illegal war on Iraq (with Britain and the US). Spanish society rejected the war and in 2003 chose PSOE over the PP in the elections

PSOE again

2004 - 2012

Jobs created, economic growth, gender is balance in government, homosexual marriage is legalized, law against domestic abuse
Withdrawal of troops in Iraq and election of Obama cooled US-Spain relationship

Madrid Bombings


March 11, 2004- A group of radical Islamist extremists killed
192 people and wounded almost 2,100 more in Madrid
Worst terrorist attacks in Europe to date

PP in power again

2011 - 2013

Wins with Rajoy who would address the economic problems
current Prime Minister