The United States Senate ratifies the Treaty of New York between the United States and the Creeks. Negotiated by Secretary of War Henry Knox and Creek Chief Alexander McGillivray, the treaty aims to place Creek-American relations on a more positive footing than that established by the Treaty of Paris. The Creeks accept an eastern border at the Oconee, rather than the Ogeechee River. In return, Knox acknowledges that vast lands to the west (present day Alabama and parts of Georgia, Tennessee, Mississippi, and Florida) belong to the Creeks and guarantees that their border will be policed by federal troops. The United States also promises to provide the tools and livestock needed to transform the hunting Creeks into farmers. Secret articles arrange a trading partnership with the Creeks and designate McGillivray an army officer with an annual salary of $1200.