Centralized state. Organized flood control. pg. 67
enlarged the chinese state. erected lavish tombs. pg. 67
Introduces the lasting influence of China. Mandate of heaven: intermediate b/w heaven and earth. as long as they manage people well. Well-field system.
enlarged the chinese state. erected lavish tombs. Introduces the lasting influence of China. pg. 67
Attempted answer to age of warring states. Social harmony through moral example.
Importance of education. Family as model. pg.169
Rivalries of seven kingdoms. Unified by Qin dynasty. pg. 133
Attempted answer to age of warring states. Focused on naturalistic behavior and limited government pg. 173
United China after warring states. Bureaucracy with aristocracy. Strong military with use of iron weapons. strong agriculture and growing population. leagalism: strict rules and punishments. pg. 133
Answer to age of warring states. Associated with Qin dynasty. Rules with punishments. pg. 169
Confucianism (social harmony through moral example) pg. 137 & 169
Along Indus river valley. No centralized authority. Trade based. Thought out planning of city lay out. Sister city with Mohenjo Daro pg.141
Statue suggested that women had a high status and important role in society. pg. 106
Civilization est. along indus river. Trade. Thought out planning of city lay out. Sister city with Harappa pg 70
No political hierarchy. Standard sizing/measurements ex: bricks, weights and architecture. Developed agricultural use. Literate writing. Ex: Mohenjo Daro and Harappa pg. 66
Moralistic ways, passed down orally then written in Sanskrit. Aryans: nomadic, indo-european. Jati: as caste, rank in society. pg. 227
Philosophical works that took a closer look into the meaning of the vedas. pg. 175
Born rank is Varna: class, which determines the dharma: code to live by, which should be lived out by the karma: actions, which influence the samsara: rebirth, that contributes to moksha: reunification, that comes from atman: own soul, the contributes to brahman: world soul. pg 175
Founder: Guatama. To seek end of suffering that comes from within. Ultimate goal of nirvana. pg. 177
Governed by Ashoka. Elaborate political structure. Moralistic governing. pg. 142
Achaemenid ruler. Started Achaemenid. Ruled by not demanding absolute power. pg. 120
Achaemenid ruler. Demanded absolute power. Adapted babylonian law code. Lead battle of marathon. pg. 121
Achaemenid ruler. Lead Persia in the battle of Thermopylae and won.
Period of independent Sumerian City States. Located along tigris-Euphrates river. Each were independent and had their own leader. pg. 82
From Mesopotamia. First to conquer Sumerians. pg. 83
Took over Sumer rule from the Akkadians. Interacted politically with Egyptians. pg. 83 & 88
Ruler of Babylon. Code of Hammurabi est: eye for and eye. Set to bring about righteousness. pg. 71 & 95
Indo-european. Pastoralists. From Anatolia. Use of Iron for chariots/domestication of horses. Able to sack Babylon. pg. 87
Take over rule of Sumer from Babylon. pg. 83
Egyptians influences visible. Bronze age.
During bronze age. Macedonian take over of Greece. pg. 126
Independent Greek city-states pg. 124
Greek rationalism. Questioning and explanation of nature and human life. pg. 168 & 184
Confrontation b/w Greeks and Persia. Greek city revolt against the Persians. pg. 125
Greeks vs. Persians. Greeks won. Persians lead by Darius. pg. 126
After Athens & Greece fighting side by side against the Persians. Athens claimed dominant position over Greece. Greece, lead by Sparta, defended themselves and won. pg. 126
Spread of Greek Culture pg. 128
first identifiable kingdoms. 30 total dynasties.
Life will prevail over death. Pharaohs.
Use of bronze
Egyptian order and chaos. Maat is the order in which things should happen. Isfet is the chaos that happens if Maat isn't followed. Ex: Slaves work and pharaohs rule.
Heavy influence from Egyptian societies. pg. 87
Nubian conquest of Egypt. pg. 268
Collection of languages. Agricultural advantages. Iron workers. pg. 282
Nubian civilization. Women had power. African iron age. pg. 265
Civilizations along the Niger river. Fertile land. Domesticated animals. Urbanization. pg. 270