History

Tested Material

TESTED MATERIAL

2000 bc - 1200 bc

TESTED MATERIAL

600 bc - 200 bc

China

Xia Dynasty

2070 bc - 1600 bc

Centralized state. Organized flood control. pg. 67

Shang Dynasty

1600 bc - 1046 bc

enlarged the chinese state. erected lavish tombs. pg. 67

Zhou Dynasty

1046 bc - 771 bc

Introduces the lasting influence of China. Mandate of heaven: intermediate b/w heaven and earth. as long as they manage people well. Well-field system.

enlarged the chinese state. erected lavish tombs. Introduces the lasting influence of China. pg. 67

Iron Age

1000 bc - 500 bc

Confucius

551 bc - 479 bc

Attempted answer to age of warring states. Social harmony through moral example.

Importance of education. Family as model. pg.169

Age of Warring States

463 bc - 221 bc

Rivalries of seven kingdoms. Unified by Qin dynasty. pg. 133

Daoism

369 bc - 286 bc

Attempted answer to age of warring states. Focused on naturalistic behavior and limited government pg. 173

Qin

221 bc - 210 bc

United China after warring states. Bureaucracy with aristocracy. Strong military with use of iron weapons. strong agriculture and growing population. leagalism: strict rules and punishments. pg. 133

Leagalism

221 bc - 210 bc

Answer to age of warring states. Associated with Qin dynasty. Rules with punishments. pg. 169

Han Dynasty

206 bc - 200 bc

Confucianism (social harmony through moral example) pg. 137 & 169

India

Harappan Civilization

3000 bc - 1500 bc

Along Indus river valley. No centralized authority. Trade based. Thought out planning of city lay out. Sister city with Mohenjo Daro pg.141

Dancing Girl

2500 bc

Statue suggested that women had a high status and important role in society. pg. 106

Mohenjo Daro

2000 bc

Civilization est. along indus river. Trade. Thought out planning of city lay out. Sister city with Harappa pg 70

Indus River Civilizations

2000 bc - 1700 bc

No political hierarchy. Standard sizing/measurements ex: bricks, weights and architecture. Developed agricultural use. Literate writing. Ex: Mohenjo Daro and Harappa pg. 66

Vedic Era

1500 bc - 600 bc

Moralistic ways, passed down orally then written in Sanskrit. Aryans: nomadic, indo-european. Jati: as caste, rank in society. pg. 227

Iron Age

1000 bc - 500 bc

Upanishads

800 bc - 400 bc

Philosophical works that took a closer look into the meaning of the vedas. pg. 175

Hinduism

600 bc

Born rank is Varna: class, which determines the dharma: code to live by, which should be lived out by the karma: actions, which influence the samsara: rebirth, that contributes to moksha: reunification, that comes from atman: own soul, the contributes to brahman: world soul. pg 175

Buddhism

556 bc - 486 bc

Founder: Guatama. To seek end of suffering that comes from within. Ultimate goal of nirvana. pg. 177

Mauryan

321 bc - 185 bc

Governed by Ashoka. Elaborate political structure. Moralistic governing. pg. 142

Persia

Iron Age

1000 bc - 500 bc

Cyrus

557 bc - 530 bc

Achaemenid ruler. Started Achaemenid. Ruled by not demanding absolute power. pg. 120

Darius

552 bc - 486 bc

Achaemenid ruler. Demanded absolute power. Adapted babylonian law code. Lead battle of marathon. pg. 121

Xerxes

486 bc - 465 bc

Achaemenid ruler. Lead Persia in the battle of Thermopylae and won.

Mesop./ME

Indep. Sumerian City-States

3200 bc - 2350 bc

Period of independent Sumerian City States. Located along tigris-Euphrates river. Each were independent and had their own leader. pg. 82

Akkadian Empire

2350 bc - 2000 bc

From Mesopotamia. First to conquer Sumerians. pg. 83

Babylon

1900 bc - 1500 bc

Took over Sumer rule from the Akkadians. Interacted politically with Egyptians. pg. 83 & 88

Hammurabi

1792 bc - 1750 bc

Ruler of Babylon. Code of Hammurabi est: eye for and eye. Set to bring about righteousness. pg. 71 & 95

Hittites

1595 bc

Indo-european. Pastoralists. From Anatolia. Use of Iron for chariots/domestication of horses. Able to sack Babylon. pg. 87

Iron Age

1000 bc - 500 bc

Assyria

900 bc - 612 bc

Take over rule of Sumer from Babylon. pg. 83

Greece

Minoan Crete

2000 bc - 1450 bc

Egyptians influences visible. Bronze age.

Mycenae

1600 bc - 1000 bc

During bronze age. Macedonian take over of Greece. pg. 126

City-States

750 bc

Independent Greek city-states pg. 124

Socrates, Plato and Aristotle

600 bc - 300 bc

Greek rationalism. Questioning and explanation of nature and human life. pg. 168 & 184

Greco-Persian Wars

499 bc

Confrontation b/w Greeks and Persia. Greek city revolt against the Persians. pg. 125

Battle of Marathon

490 bc

Greeks vs. Persians. Greeks won. Persians lead by Darius. pg. 126

Pelopenesian War

431 bc - 404 bc

After Athens & Greece fighting side by side against the Persians. Athens claimed dominant position over Greece. Greece, lead by Sparta, defended themselves and won. pg. 126

Hellenism

323 bc - 30 bc

Spread of Greek Culture pg. 128

Egypt

Kingdoms

3500 bc - 332 bc

first identifiable kingdoms. 30 total dynasties.

The Old Kingdom

2663 bc - 2195 bc

Life will prevail over death. Pharaohs.

Irrigation

2000 bc

Irrigation established

Bronze

1800 bc

Use of bronze

Maat & Isfet

1600 bc

Egyptian order and chaos. Maat is the order in which things should happen. Isfet is the chaos that happens if Maat isn't followed. Ex: Slaves work and pharaohs rule.

New Kingdom

1550 bc - 1064 bc

Africa

Spread of Farming

3000 bc - 2000 bc

Nubia

1300 bc

Heavy influence from Egyptian societies. pg. 87

Piye

730 bc

Nubian conquest of Egypt. pg. 268

Bantu

500 bc

Collection of languages. Agricultural advantages. Iron workers. pg. 282

Meroe

300 bc - 100 bc

Nubian civilization. Women had power. African iron age. pg. 265

Niger River

300 bc - 900 ce

Civilizations along the Niger river. Fertile land. Domesticated animals. Urbanization. pg. 270