Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad

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Araminta Ross (Harriet Tubman) born

1820

Born in Dorchester County, Maryland
Mother: Harriet Green Ross
Father: Ben Ross

Hired out to woman named "miss Susan"

1826

Harriet was beat by both her owners

Harriet sent off to work in fields

1830

Tantamount to hard labor

Hit in head by overseer

1834

She was trying to help/defend a slave, and overseer threw a heavy weight, missing the slave, but hitting Harriet.

Marries John Tubman

1844

Changes name from Araminta Ross to Harriet Tubman

Harriet and brothers Ben and Henry escaped from slavery

September, 1849

Harriet and brothers return to owners for fear of repercussion to their families

October, 1849

Harriet contacted network known as Underground Railroad

December, 1849

Asked for their help in a further escape plan.

Congress passed the Fugitive Slave law of 1850

1850

Enabling law enforcement officials, even in states who had outlawed slavery, to aid in the capture of runaway slaves

Harriet arranged with William Still to rescue her family from slavery

December, 1850

Contact via Underground Railroad, to rescue her sister, brother-in-law, and their children.

Discover's her husband remaried

1852

Came back to rescue her husband from slavery to find that he had remarried to another woman.

Harriet rescues her parents from slavery

1857

Abolitionist senator sold Harriet a small farm in New York

1859

Abolitionist senator William H. Seward sold Harriet a small farm on the outskirts of Auburn, New York

Abraham Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation

1863

Abraham Lincoln issues a proclamation granting freedom to all slaves in all areas of the Confederacy still in rebellion.

Civil war ends

1865

Civil war is over, and Abraham Lincoln was assassinated.

Harriet Tubman dies

March 10, 1913

Harriet dies of pneumonia