+power of plebian class
to view some of the laws found on these tablets, visit http://www.historyguide.org/ancient/12tables.html
Gauls invade & conquer Rome
Romans provide GOLD 2 Gauls
Gauls, content w/ payoff, leave
Gauls= ppl from what is now France
War with Carthage (North Africa)
Legendary Moment: Hannibal's troops cross the Pyrenees and the Alps on elephants.
African forest elephants are generally about 8 feet high @the shoulder... so they are quite a bit shorter than the Indian elephants our boy Alexander encountered. Still, it is a surprise to see elephants on the battlefield.
as he is there, the Romans head to Hannibal's city of
Carthage in N. Africa.
He rushes there to protect his city.
~100 bce Caesar is born
59 bce - 50 bce= Caesar in Gaul being awesome & conquering
50 bce Senate, infl by Pompey, orders C. to disband his army and C. refuses [Crosses the Rubicon]
48- 44 bce Dictator
enacts reforms in Rome
public works +
Julian calendar invented :D
44 bce assassinated by Brutus et al
Marc Antony + Lepidus + Octavian(aka Caesar Augustus)
First Roman Emperor
First of many roads
BENEFITS of roads like Appian Way
troops + supplies move quickly
blt by military in peace time
skilled engineers plan (roads still exist today!)
$ from provinces the roads serviced
paid for by wealthy families, politicians running 4 office, emperors, public officials [to win public support]
1st Christian emperor of Rome