Study of Increasing Role in the Government.

Ch 9: Progressivsm

John Muir

1838 - 1914

early advocate of preservation of wilderness in the United States.

Hazen S. Pingree

1840 - 1901

Was a four term republican mayor of Detroit. He used his techniques to launch campaigns against big companies which lead him to be re-elected.

Eugen Debs

1855 - 1926

One of the founding fathers of the industrial workers of the world. At first was a Union worker.

Robert La Follette

1855 - 1925

Was a U.S senator from Wisconsin. He is best remembered as a proponent of Progressivism and a vocal opponent of railroad trusts, bossism, World War I, and the League of Nations.

Florenece Kelly

1859 - 1932

Florence Kelley was an American social and political reformer.

Rise of Progressive Movement

1890 - 1920

The Progressive Era was a period of social activism and political reform in the United States that flourished.

Northern Securities Company


The company controlled the Northern Pacific Railway, Great Northern Railway, Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad, and other associated lines. The company was sued in 1902 under the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890 by President Theodore Roosevelt, one of the first anti-trust cases filed against corporate interests instead of labo

Coal Strike of 1902


Miners were on strike asking for higher wages, shorter workdays and the recognition of their union

Sherman Anti-trust Act


It prohibits certain business activities that federal government regulators deem to be anti-competitive, and requires the federal government to look into and pursue trusts, companies, and organizations suspected of being in violation of the Act.

Elkins Act


The Elkins Act authorized the Interstate Commerce Commission to impose heavy fines on railroads that offered rebates.

History of Standard Oil Company


It was a book written by a journalist Ida Tarbell. It was an exsposé of the standard oil company, at the time was run by John D. Rockefeller.

Square Deal


Was Teddy' Roosevelt's domestic program formed on three basic ideas: conservation of natural resources, control of corporations, and consumer protection

T.R'S Square Deal


President Theodore Roosevelt's domestic program formed upon three basic ideas: conservation of natural resources, control of corporations, and consumer protection

Upton Sinclair


Wrote The Jungle. It exposed conditions in the U.S. meat packing industry, causing a public uproar that contributed in part to the passage a few months later of the 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act.

Hepburn Act of 1906


The Act gave the Interstate Commerce Commission the power to set maximum railroad rates and extend its jurisdiction.

Federal Meat Inspection Act


that works to prevent adulterated or misbranded meat and meat products from being sold as food and to ensure that meat and meat products are slaughtered and processed under sanitary conditions

Pure Food AND Drug Act


The first federal law regulating foods and drugs

Muller V. Oreon


was a landmark decision in United States Supreme Court history, as it justifies both sex discrimination and usage of labor laws during the time period.

Louis Brandeis

1916 - 1939

was an Associate Justice on the Supreme Court of the United States.

Keating Owen Act of 1916


was a statute enacted by the U.S. Congress which sought to address child labor by prohibiting the sale in interstate commerce of goods produced by factories that employed children under fourteen, mines that employed children younger than sixteen, and any facility where children under sixteen worked at night or more than eight hours daily

Bunting V.Oregon


The trials of Bunting v. Oregon resulted in acceptance of a ten-hour workday for both men and women, but the state minimum-wage laws weren't changed until twenty years later.

President Roosevelt

1933 - 1945

was the 32nd President of the United States and a central figure in world events during the mid-20th century, leading the United States during a time of worldwide economic depression and total war such as WW1 & WW2

CH 12: Politics and the Roaring 20's

Henry For

1863 - 1947

was an American industrialist, the founder of the Ford Motor Company, and sponsor of the development of the assembly line technique of mass productionPr

Coal Strike of 1902


also known as the Anthracite Coal Strike, was a strike by the United Mine Workers of America in the anthracite coal fields of eastern Pennsylania.

Protectionism and Tarriffs Foreign Policy


is the economic policy of restraining trade between states through methods such as tariffPr

Communism and the Red Scare.

1919 - 1957

denotes the promotion of fear of a potential rise of communism or radical leftism, used by anti-leftist proponents

Palmer Raids

1919 - 1920

were attempts by the United States Department of Justice to arrest and deport radical leftists.

Attorney General A. Mithell Palmer

1919 - 1921

He led the controversial Palmer Raids.

John L. Lewis

1920 - 1960

was an American leader of organized labor who served as president of the United Mine Workers of America.

Pres. Warren Harding

1921 - 1923

In the senate, Harding protected alcohol interests and normally supported womens suffrage. He was the 29th Pres. of the U.S.

Secretary Of State Andrew W. Mellon

1921 - 1932

was an American banker, industrialist, philanthropist, art collector, and Secretary of the TreasurPr

Dawes Plan


was an attempt in 1924 to solve the reparations problem, which had bedeviled international politics following World War Pr

The Automobile


Their were many highways, or super-highways that were being built such as Route 66 which was one of the original highways within the U.S. Highway System. Also the auto-mobile was being vastly made during this timPr

Sacco & Vanzetti


Were suspected anarchists who killed two men in an armed robbery. Supposedly were not given a fair trial based on their anarchists beliefs.

CH 14: Hoover Struggles W/ the Depression

Uneven Distribution of 1920's


Basically what led to the great depression were loss of jobs and such mainly economical losses and such, like loss of jobs and such of it.

Stock Market Speculation


Is the practice of engaging in risky financial transactions in an attempt to profit from short or medium term fluctuations in the market value of a tradable good.

Great Depression

1929 - 1940

Was the outcome of the Socket Market Crash of 1929. Many people were unemployed, Food production was brought to a halt, People dying from starvation the usual thing after a depression.

Black Tuesday


Was the Wall Street Crash of 1929.

Shanty Towns


Many Shanty towns were prevalent in late 1920's America. They were usually poor rugged looking towns. After the Stock Market crash, many people were forced to live in shanty towns due to their job being lost in the midst of the chaos which was the Great Depression.

Pres. Hoover, Views of Government


His views during the Great Depression were that these were obstacles that the U.S Government can overcome or he can by setting up bases (laws) that would aid in bringing an end to the great depression.

Trickle Down Philosophy


Is when the idea that tax breaks or other economic benefits provided by government to businesses and the wealthy will benefit poorer members of society by improving the economy as a whole. This was implemented after the Stock Crash of 1929.

Dust Bowl


was a period of severe dust storms causing major ecological and agricultural damage to American and Canadian prairie lands in the 1930s.