Education and literature


Conforming perspective of education


Education at this point saw the image of a child as a blank slate ready for information to be passed on to him or her. This period was focussed on behaviour and maturation were children advanced by levels by the educator.

Behavioural adjustment books and letters

1700 - 1744

The Stanhope Letters, a fathers correspondance with his son to become a gentleman became a useful tool for other children to negotiate personal development and social skills. Based on ideas that children were born inherently evil and needed active teachers to correct this.

The fantasy era

1719 - 1858

Traditional "Boys" stories are popular, namely "Robinson Crusoe". Morality and survival take a main role in these stories

Children's books for children, a novel idea.

1740 - 1770

Newberry published dozens of books aimed at children's interest to keep them motivated to learning. Used advertising and giveaway (mainly behavioural conditioning tools) to increase sales and popularity

Rousseau's belief in the noble savage


Rousseau writes "Emile" a book that concerns itself with the idea that a child developed with minimal environmental interference will be inherently good.

Dichotomous outcomes

1783 - 1820

Children's books become an outcome based morality tale with the characters either choosing to go down one of two roads leading to their salvation or damning. Puritan values take part in this period.

Pictures and words

1850 - 2013

Illustrations begin to become common place in childrens books thanks to technological advancements and the obvious link between images and words as supportive media formats.
While the motivation and art of the illustrations has changed over time the fact that it is still an important part of literature for children is evidence of its successful outcomes as a media that is supportive to the text.

Reforming perspective on education


While Freud started this movement with the idea that children are born with a context, it began a movement that created the fields of neuroscience, psychodynamics and constructivism. The image of a child was that it had an active role in their education and individual needs.

Transforming perspective of education


The Transforming perspective begins in Germany with the first critical theorists. The idea that learning, development and growth is a part of a social and cultural construct. This perspective gave rise to the freedom of oppression to many groups.

Education and the adventurous child.

1890 - 2013

Children in books now developed through their own experiences as do their counterparts in real life, this is seen in "Seven Little Australians", "The Famous Five" and The Harry Potter series.

Critical thinking

1900 - 2013

Children's books are now actively written to encompass a discourse that embraces diversity and cross cultures. This period enlightens passed classic children's books and exposes them as possibly damaging to certain individuals whose identites are not respected. Teachers are now educated to be careful when picking books that are not stereotyping or possibly damaging to children. The selection of books must also cover many different cultural (whether global or local) differences

The Big Change

1920 - 2013

Dubois writes "The Brownies' Book", literature aimed specifically at african americans that supports their identity. Begins a cascade of novels that supports various identities. This changes perspectives of different cultures and breaks down barriers and stereotypes through sharing of information and exposure to cross cultures.