WWII Timeline

by Amelia

Before the War

Hitler Becomes Chancellor

Jan 30, 1933

Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany and begins his campaign to rebuild the country in his image

Italy Invades Ethiopia

Oct 3, 1935

Italy, under the direction of Mussolini, invade Ethiopia

Neutrality Act

May 1, 1937

Roosevelt sign the Neutrality Act that bans travelling on hostile ships, forbids arming American ships, and sets an arms embargo with warring countries

Japan Takes Over China

Jul 7, 1937

In a battle in Wanping the Japanese take final control of Northern China

Roosevelt Quarantines War

Oct 5, 1937

FDR gives a speech urging peaceful countries to limit the war and protect the rest of the world

Italy Supports Germany

Feb 20, 1938

Mussolini promises to back Hitler should war break out

Naval Expansion Act

May 17, 1938

Roosevelt is given a billion dollars to enlarge the American Navy

Appeasement

Sept 29, 1938

Britain allows Hitler to take Czechoslovakia in an attempt to appease him

St. Louis Refusal

Jun 6, 1939

The United States turns away the St. Louis, a boat carrying 907 Jewish refugees

Stalin and Hitler Sign Nonaggression Pact

Aug 23, 1939

To take control of Poland and strengthen the Soviet Union's western front, Hitler and Stalin sign a pact

Germany Invades Poland

Sept 1, 1939

World War II

World War II

Sept 3, 1939 - Sept 2, 1945

Europe Declares War

Sept 3, 1939

Due to the invasion of Poland, Britain and France declare war on Germany

Congress Lifts Aid Embargo

Nov 3, 1939

Congress lifts the arms embargo in order to sell munitions to Britain and France

Hitler Destroys France

Apr, 1940

Britain forces retreat from France and Adolf Hitler's armies defeat French forces

France Surrenders

Jun 22, 1940

Defeated by Germany and by Italy from the south, France surrenders to Hitler and and signs an armistice

US Withholds Gas from Japan

Jun 22, 1940

In response to Japan's continued attack on China and the Open Door Policy, the United States stops selling oil to Japan

Congress Enacts Draft

Aug, 1940

Congress allows $16 million for defenses and enacts the first peacetime draft ever used in the US

Roosevelt Aids Britain

Sept 3, 1940

Roosevelt agrees to give Britain 50 destroyers in exchange for naval bases in Europe

Japan Joins Axis

Sept 27, 1940

In response to continued embargoes by the US, Japan joins Germany and Italy

Roosevelt Reelected for Third Term

Nov, 1940

Lend-Lease Program

Jan 6, 1941

Roosevelt proposes that the US lend arms to Britain to be paid back after the war

Germany Invades Soviet Union

Jun 22, 1941

Germany violates the Nonaggression Pact and invades the Soviet Union

Roosevelt and Churchill Draft Atlantic Charter

Aug 9, 1941

Pearl Harbor

Dec 7, 1941

The Japanese attack the American naval base at Pearl Harbor

The US Declares War

Dec 11, 1941

The United States declares war on Germany, Japan, and Italy

Executive Order 9066

Feb 19, 1942

Roosevelt signs executive order 9066 which gives the military the ability to remove Japanese Americans from the West Coast and put them in internment camps

US Troops Land In Africa

Nov 8, 1942

Italy Surrenders

Sept 8, 1943

Italy surrenders to the Allies though German forces still control much of Italy

Rome Falls

Jun 4, 1944

Rome falls to the Allied forces

D-Day

Jun 6, 1944

Allied soldiers attack German forces at Normandy on the coast of France

Paris Liberated

Aug 25, 1944

Paris is liberated from Nazi control

Roosevelt dies

Apr 12, 1945

Mussolini Dies

Apr 28, 1945

Hitler Commits Suicide

May 1, 1945

Germany Surrenders

May 2, 1945

The German army signs an unconditional surrender

Hiroshima

Aug 6, 1945

The United States drops a single atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima killing thousands

Nagasaki

Aug 9, 1945

A second atomic bomb is dropped on Nagasaki

Japan Petitions for Peace

Aug 10, 1945

Tokyo asks for peace on the condition that Emperor Hirohito will retain his throne

World War II Ends

Sept 2, 1945