Timeline of Major Events during the Afghanistan War


9/11 Terrorist Bombings

09/11/2001 - 09/12/2001

The terrorist attacks on September 11 instigate a world-wide response to terrorism. Although none of the hijackers were Afghan, the Taliban in Afghanistan are widely believed to be sympathectic to al-Qaeda.

Operation Enduring Freedom

October 2001 - 03/24/2013

Comprising of U.S and British Forces, 'Operation Enduring Freedom' begins, and Afghanistan is invaded

Kabul, Afghanistan's Capital, is taken

11/09/2001 - 11/30/2001

U.S lead forces take over various Taliban strongholds and place a high degree of pressure upon the Capital, Kabul, which leads the Taliban to abandon the city. Support for the war improves after this Victory is announced.

Hamid Karzai is installed as President of Afghanistan

12/22/2001 - 12/23/2001

Hamid Karzai becomes the first president of "Post-Taliban" Afghanistan. The decision is made amongst Afghan opposition groups and the US-led international community in Bonn, Germany. The Taliban were notable not invited to this event.

Afghan National Army begins training

02/15/2002 - 02/18/2002

The Afghan National Army (ANA) begins training, with heavy assistance and support from the U.S. Once the West withdraws, the ANA will be responsible for the security of Afghanistan.

First elections in 30 years held

09/01/2005 - 09/30/2005

First parliamentary and provincial elections in 30 years are held. Elections are notable for being much less corrupt and less vote coercion than what was expected.

Public Opinion sways against Afghanistan

05/08/2008 - 05/09/2008

Around this time, surverys show for the first time that the public majority are against the Afghanistan War, citing it as prolonged and ineffective. Although the data only shows roughly 55% in opposition, this is the first time that credible surveys find a majority of the population in opposition to Afghanistan.

NATO agrees to hand over control of Afghanistan's security by end of 2004

02/01/2009 - 02/02/2009

By the end of 2014, the ANA will be responsible for the security of it's own country. This also signifies a rough withdrawal date for both U.S and Australian forces. However, this agreement is not set in stone, and might be reconsidered before the deadline is reached.

Osama Bin Ladin is Killed

04/02/2011 - 05/02/2011

Al-Qaeda leader Osama Bin Ladin is announced dead, killed by elite U.S forces. One of the major objectives of The Afghanistan War is achieved. Notably, Bin Ladin was not killed in Afghanistan, but in Pakistan.

Two former Kabul Bank chiefs are jailed for corruption

03/04/2013 - 03/05/2013

2013 March - Two former Kabul Bank chiefs, Sherkhan Farnood and Khalilullah Ferozi, are jailed for the multi-million dollar fraud that almost led to both the bank's collapse and the entire Afghan banking system in 2010. This signifies that law and order is becoming stronger in Afghanistan, and that citizens are becoming accountable for their corruption and crimes.

Australia's involvement

Operation Slipper begins, with Australia entering Afghanitan

11/01/2001 - 11/30/2001

Under Operation Slipper, Australia enters Afghanistan roughly a month after the U.S, contributing aircraft and troops.

Special Forces Task Force withdrawn.

12/01/2002 - 12/31/2002

During this month, Australian special forces are withdrawn, with all soldiers returning to Australia. However, Australia continues to support Afghanistan financially and strategically.

Australia re-enters the War

08/01/2005 - 08/01/2006

Australian soldiers and special forces return to Afghanistan. This signifies that the situation has deteriorated significantly, as an end to fighting was expected when Australia initially withdrew in late 2002.

Reconstruction Task Forces deployed to Uruzgan Province

07/01/2006 - 07/14/2006

Australia begins to help re-build Afghanistan, in addition to the financial and military support it already gives.

No. of Australian Troops in Afghanistan reaches 1,000

07/01/2008 - 07/31/2008

Number of Australian troops deployed in Afghanistan reaches 1,000.

Reconstruction efforts passed to Australian and US forces after Dutch withdraw.

07/18/2010 - 07/19/2010

Command of Provincial Reconstruction Team passed to Australian and US forces after Dutch troops withdraw. As other countries begin to withdraw after more than 8 years in Afghanistan, Australia continues to fight and attempt to re-construct the country.

Prime Minister suggests that Australia will withdraw by end of year

12/30/2013 - 12/31/2013

By the end of 2013, or during the first quarter of 2014, Australia plans to have withdrawn from the U.S. However, given previous delays and re-enters into combat, this seems unlikely.