History of Hacktivism

Main

1989
1998

Hacker Group 'Cult of the Dead Cow' used the terms as they chatted online about hacking and political liberation. This conversation was intended to develop ideas to cooperate with Chiese hackersfollowing Tianamen Square protests. (FBI 2012, 4)

1999

Catalyst Events

2008

(FBI 2012, 5)

Jan 2011

(FBI 2012, 9).

Feb 2011

(FBI 2012, 8).

Feb 2011

IT Company claimed that it had infiltrated Anonymous and threated to identify key members during a conference presentation. (FBI 2012, 6)

Sept 2011

(FBI 2012, 8)

Jan 2012

(FBI 2012, 7).

Anonymous

2004

Original collective based on internest subculture interested in building satirical web sites

2008 - 2010

(FBI 2012, 5)

2008

Launched a series of DDoS attacks against the Church of Scientology after they filed a copyright infringement suit against YouTube (FBI 2012, 5).

Dec 2010

Op Payback was a seies of DDoS attacks againstinstitutions that were percieved enemies of Wikileaks (FBI 2012, 11).

Jan 2011

Anonymous attacked seven Tunisian websites including the Ministry of Industry and Tunisian Stock Exchange. Sites in Zimbabwe also hit for similar reasons (FBI 2012, 9).

27 Jan 2011

(FBI 2012, 17)

Feb 2011

Anonymous released sensitive information including e-mails, customer account info, etc (FBI 2012, 6).

Feb 2011

Anonymous attacked the Egyptian Ministry of Information and the Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak's National Democratic Party web sites supporting Egyptian anti-government protests. Anonymous also aided protestors to circumvent the Egyptian Government internet shutdown (FBI 2012, 8).

20 Mar 2011

(FBI 2012, 9)

12 Jun 2011

(FBI 2012, 11).

19 July 2011

(FBI 2012, 17)

Aug 2011

Day of Rage was a Physical protest against US Capitalism and was marked by the beginning of the Occupy protests. Anonymous supported Occupy protests with propaganda and cyber intrusions releasing Exfil'd info. (FBI 2012, 9).

Aug 2011

(FBI 2012, 9)

nov 2011

Anonymous IberoAmerica targeted the Los Zetas in Operation Cartel. They threatened to release identities of Zetas members unless hostages were freed. After the hostages were freed, the two groups declared a truce (FBI 2012, 16).

13 Dec 2011

(FBI 2012, 17)

24 Dec 2011

(FBI 2012, 7)

Jan 2012

(FBI 2012, 7.)

Jan 2012

(FBI 2012, 8)

Jan 2012

(FBI 2012, 8).

Feb 2012

(FBI 2012, 8)

feb 2012

Anonymous Russia leaked emails from the Kremlin's Federal Youth Agency as a form of protest against the government (FBI 2012, 16).

Feb 2012

(FBI 2012, 8)

4 Feb 2012

Anonymous Brasil targetted Brazillian and US financial websites (FBI 2012, 16).

19 July 2012

(FBI 2012, 8)

Lulzsec

May 2011 - 26 June 2011
May 2011

Lulzsec wanted to expose vulnerabilities and embarrass Sony (FBI 2012, 7).

May 2011

Formed in May 2011 and consisted of 6 core members: Sabu, Kayla, Topiary, Tflow, pwnsauce, and Avunit (All previously associated with Anonymous). (FBI 2012, 14).

Jun 2011

(FBI 2012, 12).

July 2011

(FBI 2012, 15).

19 July 2011

(FBI 2012, 15)

15 aug 2011 - 30 Mar 2012

(FBI 2012, 17)

15 Aug 2011

(FBI 2012, 17)

1 Sep 2011

(FBI 2012, 12)

22 sep 2011

(FBI 2012, 17)

6 Mar 2012

Each member claimed to be members of Anonymous, Lulzsec, InternetFeds, and AntiSec (FBI 2012, 17).

6 Mar 2012

(FBI 2012, 15)

AntiSec

20 June 2011 - Sept 2012
06/20/2011

Operation Anti-Security began in June 2011 following a press release from LulzSec (FBI 2012, 6).

31 July 2011

AntiSec exfil'd e-mail addresses, usernames, SSNs, home addresses, telephone numbers, password dumps, internal training files, informant lists, jail inmate databases, and active warrant information from over 70 LE Web sites. AntiSec claimed this attack was prompted by "Bogus, trumped-up charges" against individuals associated with Anonymous attacks (FBI 2012, 7).

November 2011

Hackers exfiltrated customer names, addresses, credit card data, e-mail accounts, and password hashes (FBI 2012, 7).

26 Feb 2012

(FBI 2012, 16)