He was the first African American to obtain a Ph.D. from Harvard University and wrote many important books such as The Souls of Black Folk and Black Reconstruction. He played a major role in the Civil Rights movement, since he contributed in the creation of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People as the co-founder.
She was an American activist, journalist, publisher and lecturer who took part in the Little Rock Integration Crisis event. The children that were enrolled in The Little Rock high school had a hard time in it, but she became their mentor and guided them during the desegregation crisis. Her house (it is now a National Historic Landmark) was the meeting spot for her and her students. Not to mention, she played a very important role in the fight against segregation by becoming the president of the Arkansas chapter of the NAACP.
She was an African American activist who worked mostly behind the scenes and informed important civil rights leaders on how to proceed in the resistance. She was of major importance, since she made use of her past to promote the first nonviolent grassroots organizations, and without her knowledge and intelligence, many African American organizations might not have been as successful.
He was an essayist, playwright, novelist and the voice of the civil rights movement; he broke the new literary ground with the exploration of racial and social issues in his works, which became widely known around the world. He began traveling around the globe, lecturing on his perspective of racial inequality, changing people´s minds about how they viewed this issue. He was the voice of the movement, finding different ways to be heard and understood, which is what made him a great thinker.
She fought for women and African American rights throughout her whole life, becoming an activist involved in the fight against lynching and for reforms to the criminal justice system. After this, she became president of the National Council of Negro Women, and leading it for 40 years. Not only did she do that, but she served as the only woman at the highest level of the Civil Rights movement, witnessing every single milestone and march along this movement. She impacted the world so much, that she is also known as the ´godmother of the Civil Rights movement´, and made her mark on history.
He was a Civil Rights organizer and activist, best known as Martin Luther King´s adviser during the 1950s and 1960s. He helped organize the Southern Christian Conference in order to strengthen and improve King´s leadership. He played an important role in promoting the philosophy of nonviolence and the rational thought that violence is never the answer. This probably influenced thousands of people around the world and helped support fellow activists giving this concept.
He was one of the Big Six leaders of the Civil Rights movement, meaning that he had a very important job. He, along with the other 5 leaders, organized the march on Washington, and he also led the march from Selma to Montgomery which became known as the Bloody Sunday. He helped the movement and its actions to end legalized racial segregation in the U.S.
18 August 1963
He was the first African American to enroll at the University of Mississippi, not only this, but he proved that black people can also get a high class college education. He proved this point by graduating, getting his masters and a law degree, declaring him a young and successful black man. He paved the way for others like him in the future, helping people believe that a black person can do anything a white person can, even in a society of racial persecution. He became a writer, Civil Rights movement figure, a political adviser and an Air Force veteran.