Freed 23 Million serfs.
Freedom to marry and own land/businesses.
Peasants could travel (no longer restricted to the Mir - migration of peasants to cities).
It was a slow process.
Redemption payments over 49 years were counterproductive to reform - many peasants were forced to remain in the Mir until payments were completed.
Land redistribution's weren’t fair (gender inequality).
Strip farming remained (agricultural backwardness).
Overall, the Emancipation was an appeasement - it offered limited freedom but increased expectations of change and reform.
Reception of the Emancipation:
Peasants - felt largely cheated as they still did not own the land outright and they had to pay for it over 49 years (effectively buying their freedom). There were over 1000 disturbances during 1861. Increased expectation for reform.
Nobles - disgruntled because they felt they hadn't been compensated for the loss of their rights over serfs, and therefore were losing influence.
Radical intelligentsia felt the emancipation protected the nobles and betrayed the peasants, which led to a growth in opposition.