-3 reasons why this era is important: China is united for the first time in 300 years, lead to more trade and forign contacts, and it tolorated culture and did not change govt dramatically
-Marco Polo: Venetian trader who traveled to china through the silk roads. Lader imprisioned and wrote a book about travels
1364 AD - 1644 AD
Attitude towards outsiders: they were not going to let them conquer
Zheng He: led 7 huge voyages, gained lots of treasure and tribune
isolated trade, only the govt was allowed to trade with forign countries
1644 AD - 1912
Manchus: invaded China and Ming collapsed
Forign countries forced to abide by China's rules
Opium Tea Connection: Britains smuggles opium and sold it to Chinese and they got addicted to it
Opium Wars: Britain vs. China. Britain wins
Taping Rebellion: Hong Xiquan wanted all people to share wealth, took over many areas until he left it and it fell apart
Dowager Empress Cixi-in charge of China, traditional values. Self strengthening government/econ
Sheres of Influence: area in which forign nation controlled trade and investment
Open door Policy: China can trade with different countries
1) Major deserts: Sahara (north), and Kalahari (south).
2)Importance of Tsetse fly: Stopped European invasion in Africa and protects rainforests by stopping people from farming near them.
3)Animism: African religion where people believe in spirits and the affect on their lives.
4)Griots: African storytellers who kept their history alive through oral communication.
5) African leaders new religion in 11th century-Islam.
6)Most important trade items for Soninke people in Ghana- Gold and salt.
7)Islam spread south of the Sahara (11th century) through trade.
500 BC - 200 AD
1) The Nok people were located in western Africa in present day Nigeria
2)They are known for their use in iron
100 AD - 1500 AD
1)Southern Africa is covered by Bantu migrations.
2)The invention of agriculture led to necessary migration.
3) The Bantu brought iron smelting technology with them when they migrated.
Kingdom of Askum
100 AD - 940 AD
1)Located on the Horn of Africa in modern day Eritrea and Ethiopia.
2)Made its living off trading.
3)Only Ancient African Kingdom to develop a writing system.
1)Location- Savanna area in present day northern Nigeria.
2)Political orginization- City states.
3)Slaves were a big trade item in Zazzau.\
1100 - 1600
1)Location- In present day Benin and southwestern Nigeria.
2)Yoruba kings were important political and spiritual leaders that were thought to be divine.
3)2 Largest Kingdoms- Ife and Oyo.
1235 - 1400
1)Location: South of the Sahara
2) Mansa Musa (1312-1332)- expanded Mali empire to twice the size of Ghana, put down rebellions, and set up tax systems. Also had officials run treasury army navy, etc..
1430 - 1760
1)Location- North of Great Zimbabwe.
2)The Portugese took it over.
1440 - 1897
1)Oba: Ruler of Benin.
2) Portugesse trade in Gwatto started European interference in Africa.
1468 - 1592
1)Location: people to the east.
2)Sunni Ali- He built up a large empire with a powerful military.
Askia Muhammad- Set up good tax system and appointed good officials. He set good people to run the treasury, army, navy, and agricultural system.
Feudalism: had 1 ruler and nobles, people split into classes
Naturistic Religion: Shinto
Religion brought by Korean travelers: Buddhism
794 AD - 1185 AD
Competed with the Minamoto family
Bushido: code of behavior of samurai
1192 AD - 1333 AD
Shogun: title meaning "supreme general of emporer's army"
Invading Mongols: drained economy, lost power
1600 AD - 1868 AD
Daimyo: warrior chieftans
society structure: feudalism
Portugal is the first country to contact
Policy toward outsiders: isolation, closed country policy
Matthew Perry: US commorade who took 4 ships to Tokyo, they recieved him
1868 AD - 1912 AD
Emperor Mutsuhito: best way to resist westernization=modernize