Characteristics: highly structured society, complex bureocracy, good education and technology improvements
Civil Service System: govt jobs that you had to take a test for
Fall of the Han: economic inbalance, rich take advantage of the poor, govt overthrown by Wang Mang, great flood
581 AD - 618 AD
Greatest Accomplishment: Grand Canal
618 AD - 907 AD
Civil Service system-how the made such a smart ruling class
Fall of the Tang: high taxes, defeated by Muslims at the Battle of Talas
970 AD - 1279 AD
They ruled in southern china
Most important inventions: moveable types and gunpowder\
Levels in society: gentry (large upper class of scholar officials) then middle class, laborers, soldiers, servents, and finally peasants
1206 AD - 1370 AD
Pax Mongolica: period of mongol peace
-3 reasons why this era is important: China is united for the first time in 300 years, lead to more trade and forign contacts, and it tolorated culture and did not change govt dramatically
-Marco Polo: Venetian trader who traveled to china through the silk roads. Lader imprisioned and wrote a book about travels
1364 AD - 1644 AD
Attitude towards outsiders: they were not going to let them conquer
Zheng He: led 7 huge voyages, gained lots of treasure and tribune
isolated trade, only the govt was allowed to trade with forign countries
1644 AD - 1912
Manchus: invaded China and Ming collapsed
Forign countries forced to abide by China's rules
Opium Tea Connection: Britains smuggles opium and sold it to Chinese and they got addicted to it
Opium Wars: Britain vs. China. Britain wins
Taping Rebellion: Hong Xiquan wanted all people to share wealth, took over many areas until he left it and it fell apart
Dowager Empress Cixi-in charge of China, traditional values. Self strengthening government/econ
Sheres of Influence: area in which forign nation controlled trade and investment
Open door Policy: China can trade with different countries
1) Major deserts: Sahara (north), and Kalahari (south).
2)Importance of Tsetse fly: Stopped European invasion in Africa and protects rainforests by stopping people from farming near them.
3)Animism: African religion where people believe in spirits and the affect on their lives.
4)Griots: African storytellers who kept their history alive through oral communication.
5) African leaders new religion in 11th century-Islam.
6)Most important trade items for Soninke people in Ghana- Gold and salt.
7)Islam spread south of the Sahara (11th century) through trade.
500 BC - 200 AD
1) The Nok people were located in western Africa in present day Nigeria
2)They are known for their use in iron
Kingdom of Askum
100 AD - 940 AD
1)Located on the Horn of Africa in modern day Eritrea and Ethiopia.
2)Made its living off trading.
3)Only Ancient African Kingdom to develop a writing system.
4)Declined due to Islamic invasion
100 AD - 1500 AD
1)Southern Africa is covered by Bantu migrations.
2)The invention of agriculture led to necessary migration.
3) The Bantu brought iron smelting technology with them when they migrated.
1000 - 1450
1)Location- Southeastern Asia
2)It was abandoned in 1450 for an unknown reason.
Hausa City States
1000 - 1400
1)Location- Savanna area in present day northern Nigeria.
2)Political orginization- City states.
3)Slaves were a big trade item in Zazzau.\
1100 - 1600
1)Location- In present day Benin and southwestern Nigeria.
2)Yoruba kings were important political and spiritual leaders that were thought to be divine.
3)2 Largest Kingdoms- Ife and Oyo.
1235 - 1400
1)Location: South of the Sahara
2) Mansa Musa (1312-1332)- expanded Mali empire to twice the size of Ghana, put down rebellions, and set up tax systems. Also had officials run treasury army navy, etc..
1430 - 1760
1)Location- North of Great Zimbabwe.
2)The Portugese took it over.
1440 - 1897
1)Oba: Ruler of Benin.
2) Portugesse trade in Gwatto started European interference in Africa.
1468 - 1592
1)Location: people to the east.
2)Sunni Ali- He built up a large empire with a powerful military.
Askia Muhammad- Set up good tax system and appointed good officials. He set good people to run the treasury, army, navy, and agricultural system.
Feudalism: had 1 ruler and nobles, people split into classes
Naturistic Religion: Shinto
Religion brought by Korean travelers: Buddhism
794 AD - 1185 AD
Competed with the Minamoto family
Bushido: code of behavior of samurai
1192 AD - 1333 AD
Shogun: title meaning "supreme general of emporer's army"
Invading Mongols: drained economy, lost power
1600 AD - 1868 AD
Daimyo: warrior chieftans
society structure: feudalism
Portugal is the first country to contact
Policy toward outsiders: isolation, closed country policy
Matthew Perry: US commorade who took 4 ships to Tokyo, they recieved him
1868 AD - 1912 AD
Emperor Mutsuhito: best way to resist westernization=modernize