Africa Asia

Asia (China)

Han China

202 BC - 220 AD
  1. Characteristics: highly structured society, complex bureocracy, good education and technology improvements
  2. Civil Service System: govt jobs that you had to take a test for
  3. Fall of the Han: economic inbalance, rich take advantage of the poor, govt overthrown by Wang Mang, great flood

Sui Dynasty

581 AD - 618 AD

Greatest Accomplishment: Grand Canal

Tang Dynasty

618 AD - 907 AD
  1. Civil Service system-how the made such a smart ruling class
  2. Fall of the Tang: high taxes, defeated by Muslims at the Battle of Talas

Song Dynasty

970 AD - 1279 AD
  1. They ruled in southern china
  2. Most important inventions: moveable types and gunpowder\
  3. Levels in society: gentry (large upper class of scholar officials) then middle class, laborers, soldiers, servents, and finally peasants

Mongol China

1206 AD - 1370 AD
  1. Pax Mongolica: period of mongol peace
  2. Yuan Dynasty: -3 reasons why this era is important: China is united for the first time in 300 years, lead to more trade and forign contacts, and it tolorated culture and did not change govt dramatically -Marco Polo: Venetian trader who traveled to china through the silk roads. Lader imprisioned and wrote a book about travels

Ming Dynasty

1364 AD - 1644 AD
  1. Attitude towards outsiders: they were not going to let them conquer
  2. Zheng He: led 7 huge voyages, gained lots of treasure and tribune
  3. isolated trade, only the govt was allowed to trade with forign countries

Qing Dynasty

1644 AD - 1912
  1. Manchus: invaded China and Ming collapsed
  2. Forign countries forced to abide by China's rules
  3. Opium Tea Connection: Britains smuggles opium and sold it to Chinese and they got addicted to it
  4. Opium Wars: Britain vs. China. Britain wins
  5. Taping Rebellion: Hong Xiquan wanted all people to share wealth, took over many areas until he left it and it fell apart
  6. Dowager Empress Cixi-in charge of China, traditional values. Self strengthening government/econ
  7. Sheres of Influence: area in which forign nation controlled trade and investment
  8. Open door Policy: China can trade with different countries


1) Major deserts: Sahara (north), and Kalahari (south).
2)Importance of Tsetse fly: Stopped European invasion in Africa and protects rainforests by stopping people from farming near them.
3)Animism: African religion where people believe in spirits and the affect on their lives.
4)Griots: African storytellers who kept their history alive through oral communication.
5) African leaders new religion in 11th century-Islam.
6)Most important trade items for Soninke people in Ghana- Gold and salt.
7)Islam spread south of the Sahara (11th century) through trade.

Nok Culture

500 BC - 200 AD

1) The Nok people were located in western Africa in present day Nigeria
2)They are known for their use in iron

Bantu Migrations

100 AD - 1500 AD

1)Southern Africa is covered by Bantu migrations.
2)The invention of agriculture led to necessary migration.
3) The Bantu brought iron smelting technology with them when they migrated.

Kingdom of Askum

100 AD - 940 AD

1)Located on the Horn of Africa in modern day Eritrea and Ethiopia.
2)Made its living off trading.
3)Only Ancient African Kingdom to develop a writing system.

4)Declined due to Islamic invasion

Great Zimbabwe

1000 - 1450

1)Location- Southeastern Asia
2)It was abandoned in 1450 for an unknown reason.

Hausa City States

1000 - 1400

1)Location- Savanna area in present day northern Nigeria.
2)Political orginization- City states.
3)Slaves were a big trade item in Zazzau.\

Yoruba Kingdoms

1100 - 1600

1)Location- In present day Benin and southwestern Nigeria.
2)Yoruba kings were important political and spiritual leaders that were thought to be divine.
3)2 Largest Kingdoms- Ife and Oyo.

Mali Empire

1235 - 1400

1)Location: South of the Sahara
2) Mansa Musa (1312-1332)- expanded Mali empire to twice the size of Ghana, put down rebellions, and set up tax systems. Also had officials run treasury army navy, etc..

Mutapa Empire

1430 - 1760

1)Location- North of Great Zimbabwe.
2)The Portugese took it over.


1440 - 1897

1)Oba: Ruler of Benin.
2) Portugesse trade in Gwatto started European interference in Africa.


1468 - 1592

1)Location: people to the east.
2)Sunni Ali- He built up a large empire with a powerful military.
Askia Muhammad- Set up good tax system and appointed good officials. He set good people to run the treasury, army, navy, and agricultural system.

Asia (Japan)

Feudalism: had 1 ruler and nobles, people split into classes
Naturistic Religion: Shinto
Religion brought by Korean travelers: Buddhism

Hein Period

794 AD - 1185 AD

Capital: Heian
Competed with the Minamoto family
Samurai: warriors/bodyguards
Bushido: code of behavior of samurai

Kamakura Shogun

1192 AD - 1333 AD
  1. Shogun: title meaning "supreme general of emporer's army"
  2. Invading Mongols: drained economy, lost power

Tokugawa Shogunate

1600 AD - 1868 AD
  1. Daimyo: warrior chieftans
  2. society structure: feudalism
  3. Portugal is the first country to contact
  4. Policy toward outsiders: isolation, closed country policy
  5. Matthew Perry: US commorade who took 4 ships to Tokyo, they recieved him

Meji Period

1868 AD - 1912 AD
  1. Emperor Mutsuhito: best way to resist westernization=modernize
  2. they liked Germany and Britain
  3. They tried to expand to the west



500 BC - 323 BC

Roman Empire

27 BC - 476 AD

Middle Ages

500 - 1450

Rise of Islam and Islamic Empires

630 - 1100


1400 - 1600

Age of Exploration

1450 - 1600


1517 - 1600

Scientific Revolution / Enlightenment

1550 - 1800


1600 - 1750


1700 - 1850

French Revolution

1789 - 1815

Reaction and Romanticism

1815 - 1850


1848 - 1900