Greatest Accomplishment: Grand Canal
1) Major deserts: Sahara (north), and Kalahari (south).
2)Importance of Tsetse fly: Stopped European invasion in Africa and protects rainforests by stopping people from farming near them.
3)Animism: African religion where people believe in spirits and the affect on their lives.
4)Griots: African storytellers who kept their history alive through oral communication.
5) African leaders new religion in 11th century-Islam.
6)Most important trade items for Soninke people in Ghana- Gold and salt.
7)Islam spread south of the Sahara (11th century) through trade.
1) The Nok people were located in western Africa in present day Nigeria
2)They are known for their use in iron
1)Southern Africa is covered by Bantu migrations.
2)The invention of agriculture led to necessary migration.
3) The Bantu brought iron smelting technology with them when they migrated.
1)Located on the Horn of Africa in modern day Eritrea and Ethiopia.
2)Made its living off trading.
3)Only Ancient African Kingdom to develop a writing system.
4)Declined due to Islamic invasion
1)Location- Southeastern Asia
2)It was abandoned in 1450 for an unknown reason.
1)Location- Savanna area in present day northern Nigeria.
2)Political orginization- City states.
3)Slaves were a big trade item in Zazzau.\
1)Location- In present day Benin and southwestern Nigeria.
2)Yoruba kings were important political and spiritual leaders that were thought to be divine.
3)2 Largest Kingdoms- Ife and Oyo.
1)Location: South of the Sahara
2) Mansa Musa (1312-1332)- expanded Mali empire to twice the size of Ghana, put down rebellions, and set up tax systems. Also had officials run treasury army navy, etc..
1)Location- North of Great Zimbabwe.
2)The Portugese took it over.
1)Oba: Ruler of Benin.
2) Portugesse trade in Gwatto started European interference in Africa.
1)Location: people to the east.
2)Sunni Ali- He built up a large empire with a powerful military.
Askia Muhammad- Set up good tax system and appointed good officials. He set good people to run the treasury, army, navy, and agricultural system.
Feudalism: had 1 ruler and nobles, people split into classes
Naturistic Religion: Shinto
Religion brought by Korean travelers: Buddhism
Competed with the Minamoto family
Bushido: code of behavior of samurai