Significance of the Manchus: people of Manchuria invaded China in 1644 and collapsed the Ming dynasty
Relationship with the outside world: traded only at special ports and other regions payed tribute in order to trade
What was the Opium Tea connection? The British smuggled opium into China in order to get the Chinese addicted, so they would import opium from the British
Opium Wars (1839) Who fought? Outcome? British vs. Chinese; Chinese were defeated, they signed a peace treaty
Taping Rebellion (1850-1864): Hong Xiuquan's movement of the "Heavenly Kingdom of Great Peace"
Dowager Empress Cixi (1862-1864) - How did she govern? Committed to traditional values, but also wanted reforms
Spheres of Influence? area in which a foreign nation controls trade and investment
Open Door Policy? Proposed that China's doors be opened to merchants of all nations